Transitions//Opinion words

  1. To change the direction of a conversation, but making a link with what has just being said.
    (Only spoken)
    • A: Nice shirt! Hasn't Harry got one just like it?
    • B: Talking of Harry, have you seen him recently?
  2. To introduce something you have just thought of, or to change the subject completely.
    (One of them only spoken)
    So let's meet at five o'clock then. By the way/Incidentally, could you possibly lend me some money until the weekend?
  3. To introduce additional surprising or unexpected information.
    • A. Did you see the match last night?
    • B. No I didn't. Actually/In fact/As a matter of fact I don't really like football.
  4. To introduce the idea that what you said before was less important than what you're going to say. // To return to the main topic after a digression.
    We didn't go away at the weekend because I had too much work. In any case/Anyway the wheather was awful, so we didn't miss anything.
  5. To introduce a positive point after some negative information. // To make what you have just said less definite.
    • Yet, it was a bad accident. At least nobody was killed, though.
    • Tommy's coming to the meeting, or at least he said he was.
  6. To return to a previous subject, often after you have been interrupted.
    As I was saying, if Mark gets the job we'll have to recognize the department.
  7. To generalise.
    On the whole, I think that women make better journalists than men.
  8. To say that you are taking everything into consideration.
    I like both flats, but all in all, I think that I prefer the one next to the cathedral.
  9. To introduce a strong argument that the other person maynot have taken into consideration.
    I think we should by them. After all, we'll never find them anywhere cheaper than this.
  10. To add additional information or arguments.
    I don't think I'll come to Nick's party. It'll finish very late. Besides, I won't know many people there.
  11. To introduce the most important or fundamental point.
    Basically, my job involves computer skills and people skills.
  12. To introduce a fact that is very clear to see or understand.
    Obviously you can't get a real idea of life in Japan unless you can speak the language.
  13. To make things clearer or give more details. // To justify your opinion.
    (Code gloss)
    (Only spoken)
    She's very selfish. I mean, she never thinks of other people at all.
  14. To say something again in another way.
    (Code gloss)
    A lot of people booed, and some people even left early. In other words, it was a complete disaster.
  15. To say what the result would be if something did not happen or if the situation were different.
    Please try not to make a mess when you make the cake. Otherwise I'm going to have to clean the kitchen again.
  16. To introduce a new topic or to announce a change of subject.
    That's all you need to know about the travel arrangements.As far as accomodation is concerned / As regards / Regarding accomodation, the options are living with a family or living in a hall of residence.
  17. To introduce an explanantion or clarification of a point you have just made.
    (Code gloss)
    The governments are going to help first-time buyers. That is to say, they're going to make mortgages more easily available.
  18. To balance contrasting facts or points. (The second one is also used alone to introduce a contrasting fact or a point)
    On (the) one hand, more young people today carry knives. On (the) other hand, the total number of violent crimes has dropped.
  19. This is my own opinion
  20. I believe this is a sad thing
  21. It is easy to understand (2)
    • Clearly // Obviously
  22. It is well deserved
  23. I believe this is a good thing (2)
    Fortunately // Thankfully
Card Set
Transitions//Opinion words
Discourse markers/transitions/adverbial expressions for speaking and writing.