Scope Knowlege Area

  1. acceptance criteria
    are those criteria, including performance requirements and essential conditions, which must be met before project deliverables are accepted
  2. activity-on-node
    are diagrams illustrating activities that are identified as nodes with arrows directing work and depicting the logical progression of work package dependencies from left to right. Each node is assigned a specific code that is then used to correlate activity to the project schedule
  3. affinity diagrams
    provide for illustrating ideas that are sorted into groups and analyzed accordingly
  4. audit trail
    provides details pertaining to work package consistency and completeness that is acceptable to the stakeholders
  5. backward pass method
    is used to determine late-start and late-finish dates again using previously determined dates, except this time it's the finishing date
  6. brainstorming
    is an information-gathering technique that is a tool and technique of the Identify Risks process. It involves assembling in one place subject matter experts, team members, risk management team members, and anyone else who might benefit from the process and querying them on possible risk events
  7. change control board (CCB)
    is a team of stakeholders established by the organization and given the authority via the configuration management system to review all change requests and approve them, delay them, or deny them
  8. change request
    are part of the formal written process of making a minor or major change to project areas. Without these documents, a change cannot be implemented to any part of the project
  9. Collect Requirements
    contributes to the documentation of stakeholder needs that will determine project objectives. This process includes reviewing the project charter and other documents that will become project artifacts
  10. Control Scope
    ensures the intended deliverable is developed with the proper levels of quality, with no deviations or unplanned changes
  11. crashing a project
    incorporates spending money to accomplish a task within a shorter time span
  12. Create Work Breakdown Structure
    is an iterative process that employs the outputs of the Define Scope process to identify the tasks and work packages that will be included in the Work Breakdown Structure
  13. critical path
    is the longest path through the project. It's made up of activities with zero float
  14. Critical Path Method (CPM)
    is a method that determines a single early and late start date and early and late finish date for each activity on the project to determine both the longest path of the project schedule network diagram and the finish date of the project
  15. decompose
    relates to the process by which the project team breaks down a requirement to its lowest level
  16. Define Scope
    results in delivering detailed descriptions of the project?s work. It helps identify all the work that must be performed and only the work that must be performed to meet the requirements identified in the Collect Requirements process
  17. Delphi Technique
    is used to gain consensus among a team of experts. Within this technique, experts participate anonymously and are asked a series of questions provided by a facilitator
  18. earned value
    is a measurement of the project's progress to date or the value of the work completed to date
  19. Enterprise Environmental Factors
    are internal or external factors based on an organization?s culture that can impact, negatively or positively, project management options, such as industry or regulatory standards, organizational culture or structure and global trends or known practices.
  20. fast-tracking
    refers to conducting project activities concurrently or overlapping activities in order to achieve the project?s goal
  21. finish-to-start precedence
    means that one activity must be completed before the next one can start. The arrows will illustrate predecessors and dependencies as work is driven from one work package to the next
  22. float
    refers to the degree of flexibility
  23. focus groups
    bring together stakeholders that have been identified as subject matter experts. They are moderated and designed for a group consensus, as opposed to one-on-one activities, such as interviews. Focus groups are good for acquiring data relevant to cross-functional processes that can be driven with a degree of impartiality.
  24. forward pass method
    calculates the early start and finish dates by using a predetermined start date
  25. free float
    describes the amount of time from the completion of a scheduled activity to the point when the next scheduled activity is to start
  26. functional requirements
    provide specific details about how the product of the project will work. Based on these requirements, activities will be identified for development to complete a work package that will meet the needs of the project
  27. group creativity techniques
    are activities organized to develop project requirements
  28. inspection
    is the deliverables-review process that allows for verification. It is also referred to as reviews, product reviews, audits, or walkthroughs
  29. Issue Log
    is a document in the project management process that details the issues that could potentially arise and describes how the issues were resolved. It is a form of tracking used as a process input or output
  30. joint application development session (JAD)
    is a process originating from IBM to help application developers arrive at consensus in regard to project requirements. The benefit of a JAD session is that it drives the group, based upon expert judgment, facilitated by a subject matter expert
  31. Mind Mapping
    is an activity that involves individualized brainstorming that consolidates all individual findings into a map
  32. Monitoring and Controlling Process Group
    includes processes required to track progress and performance of a project; determine required changes to the project plan and integrate those changes into the project
  33. Nominal Group Technique
    encourages participants to have equal say in participation, ideas are collected by a facilitator in an individual manner (say ideas submitted to an ?idea box? or collecting post-it notes, then the group discuses and ranks or votes on each idea
  34. non-functional requirements
    provide parameters of the product that detail how it works as compared to specifics that are required to build the product
  35. organizational process assets
    are an accumulation of tools, processes, and techniques that are retained by the business in order to standardize processes and practices
  36. Perform Integrated Change Control
    is the process of formally reviewing all change requests and managing approved changes into the project plan for development
  37. Plan Scope Management
    is a process that existed in prior editions and was always done. It is the process of creating the plan on how you and your team should manage the scope activities of the project
  38. Planning Process Group
    involves processes required to determine the scope of a project, decompose project objectives and determine how the project will progress via the project management plan
  39. precedence diagramming method (PDM)
    is a technique used to graphically represent scheduled activities. It places activities on nodes, which connect to dependent activities using arrows. One type of precedence diagram are activity on node diagrams
  40. product analysis
    is analysis performed on line item requirements of a project allows you to develop specific requirements based upon findings
  41. Product Reviews
    take place at the work package level to ensure that components of the project?s product are capable of being delivered to meet project requirements
  42. Product Scope
    is a more focused concept that is centered on the features and requirements of the product delivered via the project
  43. product walkthrough
    permits the project management team to present deliverables so the sponsor and stakeholders can see how the project?s product is developing. They help identify areas where requirements may have been missed prior to the project being closed
  44. Project Charter
    describes a project in the initial approach toward the project's product. Helps illustrate what needs to be accomplished and provides a preliminary approach on how the project will proceed
  45. Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK?)
    is the sum of knowledge within the profession of project management. Includes proven traditional practices that are widely applied and innovative practices that are emerging in the profession. Includes both published and unpublished materials
  46. Project Management Institute? (PMI?)
    is a not-for-profit professional organization developed from a group of working project managers. Today its primary goal is to advance the practice, and profession of project management throughout the world
  47. project management plan
    is the document detailing all aspects of a project including baselines that are referenced throughout the project?s lifecycle to keep the project on track
  48. project manager
    is the individual charged with managing a temporary endeavor from beginning to end who monitors project progress and ensures that project activities stay on task, under budget, and finishes on time
  49. Project Quality Assessment
    ensures that the processes and steps required to deliver the project are adhered to with appropriate levels of documentation, and within the constraints of the project. They are conducted in a more formalize manner as an activity that is undertaken by a party outside of the project management team
  50. project scope
    is the work required to deliver a product or service
  51. Project Scope Management
    details best practices, skills and processes required for project managers to properly manage scope details best practices, skills and processes required for project managers to properly manage scope
  52. Project Scope Statement
    is an important communications tool that provides all project participants with a shared and common understanding of the project?s deliverables and the work that will be performed to create those deliverables. It is a key project management document that provides the project team with guidance on the work to be performed during project execution. Also helps determine those activities deemed to be out of scope and not a part of the project
  53. quality control
    is concerned with meeting the quality requirements specified for each deliverable. It is an activity that is usually performed before verification, as the quality attributes of a deliverable will obviously affect its acceptance
  54. requirements documentation
    describes how each requirement impacts the project
  55. Requirements Management Plan
    centers on the project?s requirements and how they are to be managed throughout the project lifecycle. The plan incorporates tools and activities the project team will utilize in driving the project toward completion
  56. requirements traceability matrix
    aids in helping the project team visualize developed versions of activities within a project
  57. Rolling Wave technique
    is a method that helps rive projects that have dissimilar levels of information
  58. scope
    defines and details activities necessary to deliver a project to completion
  59. scope creep
    is a phenomena that occurs when additional work gets incorporated in a project
  60. (project) sponsor
    is the individual or group outside the project team that initiates the project by requesting for the service or product and beginning the project charter
  61. stakeholder register
    is a communication tool that a project manager can customize. Helps provide the answers up front in regard to engaging and coordinating efforts amongst stakeholders
  62. stakeholders
    are identified individuals who have influence and impact in a project?s outcome. They can either be internal or external to an organization
  63. subject matter experts (SMEs)
    are individuals with knowledge on a specific topic or trade who provide details that can be used in expert judgment; it?s knowledge sharing
  64. total float
    is used to determine the number of delays permitted from the start of the project that will not impede the project expected completion date
  65. Validate Scope
    is the process whereby stakeholders formally accept the completed project scope and associated deliverables. Furthermore, it is the prescribed method for verifying the scope requirements of a project are fulfilled, and validating satisfaction. This process provides for formal acceptance of the Work Breakdown Structure and the project deliverables
  66. variance analysis
    is used with earned value management compares actual project performance to planned or expected performance most frequent analysis pertains to costs and schedule
  67. work breakdown structure (WBS)
    gives the project manager and team the ability to decompose project-based features to their lowest elements that can be monitored, managed, measured, and delivered upon. Details developed within the WBS permit the project manager to determine the project's critical path and schedule, and provide a tool to develop and deliver project metrics
  68. work package
    is a specific task that is part of a project's Work Breakdown Structure
Card Set
Scope Knowlege Area
LearnSmart PMP Course glossary items Scope Knowledge Area