Holistic Management Test 1

The flashcards below were created by user kderaad on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Paradigm
    Common belief, patern, or way of thinkingshared among people within a specificgroup or society
  2. Paradigm Shift
    Revolutionary Science’ wherethere is a change in the theoriesthat form a structural matrix for a paradigm
  3. The Kuhn Cycle
    • 1. Normal Belief/Science: what majority believe, current belief, evidence backed my science.
    • 2. Model Drift: Evidence or events that suggest something other than normal science
    • 3. Model Crisis: People don't know what to believe, controversial (climate Change)
    • 4. Model Revolution: Enough people and evidence to suggest there is a change.
    • 5. Paradigm Change: a change in paradigm
  4. Modificational Change
    Altering your Actions and strategies
  5. Transformational Change
    • Altering your beliefs and behaviors.
    • -caused by change and health problems
  6. Divergent Thinking
    Used to develop creative ideas byexploring several possible solutions-‐ common among individuals thatare persistent, curious and willingto take risks
  7. Convergent Thinking
    Used to arrive at a solution to a problemby using speed, accuracy, and logic.‐ focuses on recognizing what is familiarand re­‐applying techniques‐ Often provides a “best” answer fits all
  8. 1st Key Insight
    • Common Belief: The best way to understand something complex is to take it apart and study the parts.
    • Manage as a whole, nature works as a whole.
    • Nature functions as a whole, you cannot manage in parts. 
    • Control or change one thing in one area will have an affect in another area.
    • Nature Adapts
    • Nature is a complex whole with infinite interconnected parts
  9. 2nd Key Insight
    • Common Belief: The way to restore degradedland, in any environment, is to rest it.
    • Brittle vs. Non-­brittle
    • All environments are different and need to acknowledge nature’s complexity between arid and humid environments
  10. Mechanical vs. Non Mechanical
    • Mechanical: Development of transportation, communication
    • Non Mechanical: Management of agriculture and rangeland
  11. Complicated vs. Complex
    • Complicated: Procedures require blueprints, step-­‐by-­‐step, calibrated equipment. Assumes expert & rational leaders, top-­down planning, clock-­like organization. ex. NASA, medical procedures.
    • Complex: Hundreds of moving parts, lots of players with varied expertise, No “mission control” to control all parts, Constant adaptions
    • -Ex: criminal justice system,Education, health care..
  12. 3rd Key Insight
    • Common Belief: animal trampling causes soil compaction, destroys soil structure, and results in erosion.
    • Predator Prey Relationship
    • -mimic nature with grazing livestock in a natural predator/prey dynamic
  13. 4th Key Insight
    • Common Belief: Overgrazing results from too many animals on the land
    • Overgrazing is a concept of time, not the number of animals
  14. 350.org-What temp is irreversible and what are we at?
    • 2 degrees Celsius 
    • 1.4 degrees Celsius - .6 to go 
  15. How much carbon is too much in atmosphere?
    350ppm is too much carbon
  16. How many more gtons of carbon can be put into the atmosphere?
    565 gtons of carbon
  17. How much gigatons are in reserve?
    2,795 gigatons of carbon in reserve. Pulled out
  18. Perennials vs. Annuals
    • Annuals: last 1 year, short root system and photosynthesize part of the year.
    • Perennials: Last multiple years, large root system, and photosynthesize part of the year.
  19. Liquid Carbon (cycle)Pathway
    • Root Exudate
    • Root system gives off sugar (carbon chains) in exchange for nutrients from the microbes in the soil.
  20. Benefits of CO2 in the soil
    • Water holding capacity
    • Soil Fertility
    • Soil nutrient levels increased
  21. How do corporations communicate?
    • Why
    • How
    • What
  22. Framework for decision making
    • 1. Economic 
    • 2. Social 
    • 3. Environment in the short and long term
  23. How is the brittleness scale determined?
    By the amount of rain throughout the year- how long
  24. Rotational Grazing vs. Mob grazing
    • Rotational grazing:moving to different pastures 
    • Mob Grazing: more purpose, higher stock density
  25. Quality Values
    • 1. Express true underlying and why?
    • 2. Be specific about the values
    • 3. Revise as you feel it
  26. Future Resource Base
    • 20…50…100 years out
    • 1. People (self, who writes the goal) How do I want to be seen?
    • 2. Community- How do you see your community 
    • 3. Land- What you want the land to look like
  27. Defining a whole 3 parts
    • 1. Decision makers: those with veto power
    • 2. Resource Base: a. physical assets b. people
    • 3. Finances Available: saving, profits
  28. Purpose of Goals
    • Focuses our attention
    • outline, timeline, checklist
    • Values/Priorities
    • more accountability
    • Pencil-being flexible
  29. Official Definition of Holistic Management
    • The framework for decision for making
    • 1. Economic
    • 2. Social
    • 3. Environment in the short and long term
  30. Holistic Goal/Context
    • Done in order
    • 1. Quality of life-values that values that produce your quality of life
    • -Finances- security, power of influence, independent, prosperous
    • -Happiness-fulfillment, positive outlook
    • 2. Forms of production- how you achieve your values
    • 3. Future Resource base- who you want to be known as
  31. Carbon Sequestration
    • Long term storage of carbon dioxide or other forms of carbon to either mitigate or defer global warming and avoid dangerous climate change. It has been proposed as a way to slow the atmosphere and marine accumulation of greenhouse gases, which are released by burning fossil fuels. 
    • Reforestation, Improved ecosystem management
  32. Quality of Life
    Your standard of living. The values you want in the life you want
  33. What is the limiting step in the kuhn cycle
    Model Drift
Card Set
Holistic Management Test 1
AG 360 Holistic Management Test 1
Show Answers