Describe the three characteristics of a profession according to Samuel P. Huntington
- Technical expertise Learning the tools of the trade
- Theoretical expertise Understanding the "how" and "why" of the job
- Broad-liberal expertise Understanding their role in the grand scheme of things
- Professional Responsibility
Differentiate between an institution and an occupation
- Institutions ar based on norms beyond self-interest
- Occupations are based on supply and demand of the market
What are the 3 tiers of the enlisted force structure?
- Junior tier (E-1 - E-4) technicians
- NCO tier (E-5 - E-6) first line supervisors
- Senior NCO tier (E-7 - E-9)operational supervisors
What special positions can a senior NCO hold?
- First sergeant / shirt - commander's link to enlisted matters
- Superintendant - enlisted leader of squad
- Command chief MSgt - functional manager to first sergeants
- CMSgt of the air force - head enlisted rank, advisor to AF chief of staff
What are the milestones in the evolution of the NCO?
- 1958- senior MSgt and Chief MSgt are created
- 1964 - chief MSgt becomes advisor to joint chiefs through AF
- 1970 - received term senior enlisted advisiors
What is the purpose of each of the enlisted professional military education schools?
- Airman leadership school - senior airmen to become supervisors
- NCO academy - prepares tsargents for future leadership roles
- Senior NCO academy - prepares individuals to be future expeditionary leaders
What are the different types of pay?
- Basic - monthly standard
- Special - specialized skills
- Incentive - specialized duty (hazard, submarine, explosives etc)
What are the different types of allowances?
- BAH - basic housing allowance
- BAS - substance (food)
- Uniform allowanced
- PCS allowance
- TDY allowance
- Family separation allowance
- Dislocation allowance
- Station allowance
- Temporary lodging and expense
- Overseas housing
- Cost of living adjustment
What 3 types of leave can a military member take?
- Convalescent - postop, not takin from ordinary leave
How is leave accrued earned and used
- 2.5 days per month
- Up to 60 days may carry over...or use or lose
- Not required to sell leave back to military
What are the rights that the declaration of independence is based on?
Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
What are the purposes of each article of the constitution?
- Article 1 legislative power
- Article 2 executive power
- Article 3 judicial power
- Article 4 full faith and credit (states will honor judgements of courts in other states...helped create union out of multiple soverrigns)
- Article 5 amendments to the constitution
- Article 6 constitution is the supreme law of the land
- Article 7 ratification (details on who signed from original 13states)
What is the purpose, application and scope of AF doctrine 2
- Purpose: to establish doctrinal guidance for leadership and force development
- Application: total force
- Scope: baseline for all leaders, guide to exercise judgement, not a set of mandatory rules
What is the 8 step process?
General concept: determine if something is broken and/or whether it can be made better
What are the steps in the 8 step process?
- Clarify and validate problem (observe)
- Break down the problem and identify the gaps
- Set improvement targets
- Determine root cause of problem
- Develop countermeasures
- Confirm results and process
What are the 4 processes in the ooda loop?
What are the 5 personal conflict management styles?
- Forcing - breeds hostility
- Accommodating - results in lower self esteem/progress (lose/win)
- Avoiding - results in inaction and frustration among leaders and subordinates
- Compromising (lose lose) - complex and important issues without simple solutions
- Collaborating (win win)
What are some sources of conflict?
- Personal differences - Daily experiences, emotionally charged, "people-focused"
- Informational deficiencies - More factual and straightforward, emotions/values not involved
- Role Incompatibility - different entities with different goals
- Environmental Stress - shortage of resources, uncertainty
What are the 5 stages of hierarchy according to maslow?
What are McGregor's 2 motivational approaches
- X: don't like to work, lack ambition, prefer to be told what to do and resist change
- Y: actively seek work, prefer participative management, setting their own goals
How do theory x or y people need to be lead?
- X: hard (coercion)or soft approach (relaxing standards)
- Y: create positive atmosphere, integrate personal/organizational goals, no unkept promises
What are the 4 basic management functions?
- Organizing up to groups of 5
What are 3 primary roles of managers?
- Figurehead - performs routine duties, symbolic person in charge
- Leader - motivating and activating subordinates. Staffing/training
- Liaison -
What are the 4 stages of group growth?
What are the 5 key services of the af equal opportunity program?
- MEO formal/informal complaint processing
- Civilian complaint processing
- Out and about assessments
- Human relations education
- Quarterly statistical reporting
What are the elements of full-range leadership model?
- Management by exception
- Active: focuses more on correcting mistakes (micromanagement)
- Passive: Most reactionary, constantly putting out fires
- Contingent reward: Motivation is mostly based on receiving rewards for efforts
What situational leadership models are there?
What it the performance readiness level in situational leadership model
- R1 - Unable and unwilling or insecure
- R2 - Unable but willing
- R3 - Able but unwilling or insecure
- R4 - Ready, willing, able
how do you describe the leadership style appropriate for each performance readiness level.
- R1 - Task leadership (low relationship, high task) Telling behavior (one way communication, etc)
- R-2 - Selling leadership (high relationship, high task) two way communication, etc
- R-3 - Participating (high relationship, low task)
- R-4 - Delegation (low relationship, low task)
What is the function of the secretary of the air force?
SecAF Conduct administrative affairs of the department; reports to SecDef
What is the function of the AF chief of staff?
AF CoS Responsible for efficiency and readiness of the air force; advises the president; reports to SecAF;
What is the function of the chief master sergeant of the air force?
CMSgt AF Highest ranking enlisted personnel; advises SecAf and AFCoS on enlisted matters
What is the USAF organizational structure from the president to the flight level
- POTUS President of the United States
- SecDef Secretary of Defense
- SecAF Secretary of the Air Force
- MAJCOMS Major Commands
- Numbered AF Tactical operations with specific focus (ex.: Ramstein AFB supporting USEUCOM)
- Wing The local unit; has ops, maintenance, medical, and support groups
- Squadron Part of a particular group (above)
- Flight The most basic unit you can get to; equivalent to a platoon
What are the tenets of airpower?
- Centralized control and Decentralized Execution
- Synergistic Effects
What are the air force functions?
- Nuclear Operations
- Space Operations
- Cyberspace Operations
Identify the role of the President, the Secretary of Defense, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
- POTUS Chief Executive Officer
- Determines security needs of the nation
- SecDef Plans, advises, and carries out POTUS' security policies
- Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and unified commands
What are the 6 geographically based unified combatant commands:
- US Africa
- US European
- Us northern
- Us central
- Us southern
- US pacific
State the three enduring truths that describe the fundamental nature of war.
- War is an instrument of national policy
- War is a complex and chaotic human endeavor
- War is a clash of opposing wills
Define war according to Clausewitz.
War is an act of violence intended to compel our opponent to fulfill our will
Identify the basic themes of war.
- Politics and violence are intertwined
- War is policy "...that fights battles instead of writing notes"
- War is the continuation of politics with the addition of other means
Differentiate among the four viewpoints on war: Pacifism, Realism, Holy War, and Just War Theory.
- Pacifism Avoidance of war at all costs, only to be pursued as a last resort
- Realism Self-interest shall overrule any moral question - war is about power
- Holy War Wars are instruments of divine judgment sent down by God
- Just War Theory Killing is unacceptable, but sometimes a particular cause will justify killing. Do so causing the least amount of collateral damage. Play by the rules
List the three factors that dominate war.
Fog, Friction, and Chance
Describe the evolution of warfare according to Alan Beyerchen's taxonomy of four world wars.
- WWI - The Chemists' War
- Development of synthetic gunpower, poisonous gas predominated
- WWII - The Physicists' War
- Development of Radar, wireless communications, and the atomic bomb
- WWIII - The Information Researchers' War
- Development of information gathering and application of actionable intelligence won the cold war
- WWIV - The Social Scientists' War
- Knowledge about other cultures and development of sympathy and empathy will play a major role in international conflict today
Identify the Air Force definition of culture.
- A tool that transforms over time, is learned and shared
- A state of mind
- "Creation, maintenance and transformation across generations of semi-shared patterns of meaning, sense-making, affiliation, action and organization by groups"