Fundamentals of Indian Classical Music

  1. Indian and Western Classical Music: Parallels
    • • both stem from ancient traditions
    • • both have a well articulated body of music theory
    • • both systems are formal, in terms of transmission and presentation:
    •      1. transmission: both have formal systems of teaching and passing onrepertoire
    •       2. presentation: music is presented through formal concerts in which there are certain standards about program order, ability and behavior
    • • both appeal to and are patronized by a small, educated segment of the population
  2. North Indian Classical Music is called
    Hindustani Music
  3. South Indian Classical Music is called
    Karnatak (or Carnatic) Music
  4. Karnatak (or Carnatic) Music
    • Melody
    • Rhythm
    • Drone:
  5. sung, or played by an instrument or instruments such as flute, violin,harmonium, veena, and even possibly saxophone
    Melody
  6. timekeeping or grooving provided by drums
    Rhythm
  7. a constant sounding of the tonal center (provided by tambura or a shrutibox, which is an electronic, drone-producing device)
    Dronw
  8. The presence of the ______ allows the listener to perceive consonant or dissonant relationships between itself and the melodic line.
    drone
  9. tones sound pleasing together
    consonance:
  10. tones sound not pleasing together
    dissonance:
  11. There is no harmony but there is heterophony
    ICM
  12. When listening to ICM, one can hear many bends or slides in the
    melodic line.
  13. Vocalists and melodic players employ
    gamakas
  14. are learned ornaments or “decorations” that can be applied to a tone.
    Gamakas
  15. Indian classical music imposes a limitation or boundary on composers and performers in the form of a
    raga.
  16. is a set of tones (much like our concept of a scale). A piece of Indian music can only utilize one raga. Indian music never modulates; rather, once the it for a certain piece of ICM has been established, it will never change during the course of that piece.
    raga
  17. A raga goes beyond our concept of a scale in two very important ways:
    • each raga that exists has ‘extramusical’ associations. It is for this reason that raga is often referred to as: “that which colors the mind.”
    • , each raga includes not only a set of pitches, but also understood ‘rules’as to how those pitches are to be performed.
  18. is the Indian word for meter.
    Tala
  19. n ICM, there will be only one
    tala, or metric cycle
  20. Indian classical music is taught in a ________, but no music notation is used.Rather, repertoire is learned by rote.
    formal setting
  21. are selective when choosing their disciples, because gurus are concernedwith the sustainability of their tradition
    Gurus
  22. Master teachers (____) “adopt” disciples (________)
    • gurus
    • sisyas
  23. The formal system that has developed for passing on information is a
    master-disciple system.
Author
jonesy
ID
313011
Card Set
Fundamentals of Indian Classical Music
Description
Fundamentals of Indian Classical Music
Updated