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There are three important locations in the development of salsa music:
- 1. Cuba: many styles of music that are performed by salsa bands today have theirroots in Cuba. Much salsa music can be called “Afro-Cuban,” because it comes from Cuba, but was created by populations who can trace their roots back to Africa.
- 2. Puerto Rico: some musical styles played by salsa bands come from Puerto Rico,but perhaps more importantly, many well-known salsa musicians are from this island.
- 3. New York City: the actual birthplace of “salsa.” The salsa style was created in NYC largely by Puerto Rican immigrants.
is a Cuban style that has influenced today’s salsa music. is percussion music and dance, along with singing (very similar to African dance-drumming music). it was created in the late 1800s, but is still danced today.
was a style that originated as a rural music. When son became more popular in Cuban cities around the turn of the 20th century, it became more cosmopolitan,incorporating upright bass and trumpet.
The _________section was also added: a cyclic, harmonically static section that allowed for extended improvisation.
The son is also notable for its use of ]
such as Dizzy Gillespie introduced Cuban music to Americanaudiences by incorporating Cuban styles – and musicians – into his performances.
swept the States in the 1950s and 1960s. Is Afro-Cuban music played by a big band ensemble (like a jazz big band). The most significant figure in the mambo era was bandleader and composer Perez Prado.
was founded in 1964 in NYC. it was dedicated to thepromotion of Latin American artists.
Instrumentation of a typical salsa band
- A. vocalists – lead, and possibly separate backup vocalists as well
- B. horn section
- • trumpets, trombones are most common
- • sax, flute are possible
- • size of horn section can vary
- C. rhythm section:
- • piano
- • bass guitar
- • percussion (for example, congas, bongos, timbales, maracas, guiro)
In salsa music, clave has two meanings
it may refer to an instrument comprising two wooden sticks that are struck against one another, or it may also refer to a rhythmic pattern that underlies many salsa styles.
Clave rhythm is often presented in two “versions”:
3-2 or 2-3
today is the direct descendant of the Cuban son.
Characteristic elements of the salsa style include
clave rhythm, a moderateto fast tempo, and an emphasis on both vocal and instrumental improvisation.
Cuban bolero charastics
- • The term bolero applies to several different musical styles, from various countries. In Cuba, the bolero is a slow-tempo ballad.
- • You can recognize the Cuban bolero by listening for the conga drums,which play a distinct “low-high-low” rhythmic pattern.
cha cha cha:
- listening for the guiro (a scrapedidiophone), and by listening for a steady four-beat pulse played on the small timbale cowbell.
- It is almost always playedin a moderate tempo.
The cha cha cha was first created in the