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True or false?
Is sex biological?
true - yes sex is biological
What is Gender?
Gender is performative. it is how we perform daily. it is how you wear your hear. how you speak. it is the colour you wear your hair
Is Gender Identity learned through socialization or through one’s biological sex
Gender Identity is learned through socialization
NOT through one’s biological sex
What is Sexual orientation?
Sexual orientation is a person’s preference for sexual partners
what does Homosexual mean?
Homosexual is the preference for same-sex sexual relationships.
what does Patriarchy mean?
Patriarchy: where male dominance characterizes social institutions and leads to the oppression of women.
What is Androcentrism?
¨Androcentrism is where male centred norms operate throughout society and are the standard to which all behaviours are held.
What is Androcentrism?
This is where the male is the norm and othe ppl who differ from the male are compared to the male norm
True or False?
Are the roles of men and women are dictated by the culture or socially.
Roles of men and women are dictated by the CULTURE
How is sexuality and how we behave dictated?
Sexuality and how we behave sexually is socially dictated.
????? teaches us how to behave, what is acceptable what is not.
¨Culture teaches us how to behave, what is acceptable what is not.
¨In ????, homosexuality was identified in the DSM (Psychiatric Manual for Diagnosing Disorders) as a sexual disorder but then removed in ????.
¨In 1966, homosexuality was identified in the DSM (Psychiatric Manual for Diagnosing Disorders) as a sexual disorder but then removed in 1973.
What year was Homosexuality decriminalized in Canada
1969: Homosexuality in Canada was decriminalized
What year did Quebec pass the first gay civil rights law?
1977: Quebec passed the first gay civil rights law
What year was same-sex marriages legalized.
¨2005: Same-sex marriages were legalized.
Where does socialization occur first?
Socialization occurs in the family first and then in all levels of school
True or False
Is culture the most important determining factor in gender role behaviour
True! It is the most important factor
Culture is the most important determining factor in gender role behaviour
- says we need someone to take care of the bills
- says we need someone to work and pay the bills
- we need gender roles bc we need society to function smoothly
¨Women: expressive (denotes a concern for the maintenance of harmony) , emotionally supportive.¨
Men: instrumental (an emphasis on tasks, focus on more distant goals and a concern for the external relationships), practical role.
The Conflict Perspective:
¨See gender differences as a reflection of the subjugation of one group (women) by another group (men).
Subjugation is when one group of people dominating another group by taking away their freedom.
¨Men originally became powerful in preindustrial times because of their size, physical strength and freedom from childbearing duties – this allowed them to dominate women.
Which theorist has this point of view?
you got it -- Conflict!!
Theorists believe women have been subordinated, underrepresented, undervalued and excluded in male-dominated societies
who has this point of view?
You got it again
- Remember there are a variety of theories here:
- ¤ Some reflect conflict perspective
- ¤ Some reflect interactionist perspective
- ¨Look at the micro level and exam everyday behaviour.
- Research shows:
- ¤ 96% of all interruptions in male-female conversations are made by men.
- ¤ Men are more likely to change the conversation.
- ¤ Men are more likely to ignore topics chosen by women.
- ¤ Men are more likely to minimize or trivialize contributions and ideas of women.
- ¤ Even when in positions of equal power, men are more likely to disregard women’s ideas and to interrupt them more often.