Repro3- Camelid Repro

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  1. What is unique about the camelid prepuce?
    points caudally when relaxed
  2. What accessory sex glands do camelids have?
    prostate and bulbourethral gland
  3. What kind of penis does a camelid have?
    fibro-elastic with a sigmoid flexure
  4. What is unique about the camelid penis?
    cartilage process at the glans penis
  5. What is unique about the camelid uterus?
    asymmetrical uterine horns: left horn is MUCH larger than the right horn throughout life
  6. What may sometimes hinder your ability to see ovarian follicles on US?
    ovarian bursa
  7. What is unique about the camelid cervix? (2)
    double fornix, not freely movable
  8. When do camelids reach puberty?
    • males- 2-3 years (frenulum detachment around 2 years)
    • females- 1-2 years
  9. Describe the cyclicity of camelids.
    non-seasonal polyestrous
  10. What hormone is highest during estrus?
  11. How many follicular waves do camelids have?
  12. How long is the follicular wave of a camelid?
    12-16 days--> dominant follicle for ~3 days
  13. How big does a camelid follicle need to be for ovulation and fertilization (mature enough oocyte)?
  14. When does the LH surge occur?
    ~2 hours after mating
  15. What induces ovulation in a camelid?
    a factor within the seminal plasma
  16. When does ovulation occur?
    24-48 hours after breeding
  17. How long does the CL take to regress?
    10-12 days
  18. Describe PGF release and luteolysis in camelids.
    on the right side, it is a local effect; on the left side, it is a systemic process --> left horn doesn't know if there is an embryo on the right and released PGF systemically--> right-horn pregnancies don't occur
  19. Where does insemination occur during breeding?
    intrauterine--> cartilage process on penis penetrates cervix
  20. How long is gestation in a camelid?
    ~350 days
  21. Describe placentation.
  22. Camelid pregnancy is ______-dependent.
  23. What is the most common maternal cause of dystocia in camelids?
    uterine torsion
  24. What is the most common fetal cause of dystocia in camelids?
    malposition- lateral head deviation
Card Set
Repro3- Camelid Repro
vetmed repro3
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