asymmetrical uterine horns: left horn is MUCH larger than the right horn throughout life
What may sometimes hinder your ability to see ovarian follicles on US?
What is unique about the camelid cervix? (2)
double fornix, not freely movable
When do camelids reach puberty?
males- 2-3 years (frenulum detachment around 2 years)
females- 1-2 years
Describe the cyclicity of camelids.
What hormone is highest during estrus?
How many follicular waves do camelids have?
How long is the follicular wave of a camelid?
12-16 days--> dominant follicle for ~3 days
How big does a camelid follicle need to be for ovulation and fertilization (mature enough oocyte)?
When does the LH surge occur?
~2 hours after mating
What induces ovulation in a camelid?
a factor within the seminal plasma
When does ovulation occur?
24-48 hours after breeding
How long does the CL take to regress?
Describe PGF release and luteolysis in camelids.
on the right side, it is a local effect; on the left side, it is a systemic process --> left horn doesn't know if there is an embryo on the right and released PGF systemically--> right-horn pregnancies don't occur
Where does insemination occur during breeding?
intrauterine--> cartilage process on penis penetrates cervix
How long is gestation in a camelid?
Camelid pregnancy is ______-dependent.
What is the most common maternal cause of dystocia in camelids?
What is the most common fetal cause of dystocia in camelids?