medical terminology endocrine system

  1. acr/o
    Extremities (hands and feet), top, extreme point.
  2. adren/o 
    Adrenal glands.
  3. crin/o 
  4. -dipsia
  5. glyc/o
    Glucose, sugar.
  6. gonad/o
    Gonad, sex glands.
  7. -ism
    Condition, state of.
  8. pancreat/o
  9. parathyroid/o
    Parathyroid glands.
  10. pineal/o
    Pineal gland.
  11. pituitar/o
    Pituitary gland.
  12. poly-
  13. somat/o
  14. thym/o
    Thymus gland.
  15. thyr/o , thyroid/o
    thyroid gland
  16. acromegaly
    A rare chronic disease characterized by abnormal enlargement of the extremities (hands and feet) caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone after puberty.
  17. Addison's disease
    A condition that occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormones cortisol or aldosterone.
  18. adrenalitis
    Inflammation of the adrenal glands.
  19. aldosteronism
    An abnormality of electrolyte balance caused by excessive secretion of aldosterone.
  20. antidiuretic hormone
    The hormone that helps control blood pressure by reducing the amount of water that is excreted through the kidneys.
  21. calcitonin
    A hormone that works with the parathyroid hormone to decrease calcium levels in the blood and tissues.
  22. Conn's syndrome
    A disorder of the adrenal glands due to excessive production of aldosterone.
  23. cortisol
    A hormone that has an anti-inflammatory action; it also regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the body.
  24. cretinism
    A congenital form of hypothyroidism that, if not treated soon after birth, causes arrested physical and mental development.
  25. Cushing's syndrome
    A condition caused by the overproduction of cortisol by the body or by taking corticosteroids to treat inflammatory diseases such as asthma and rheumatoid arthritis; also known as hypercortisolism.
  26. diabetes insipidus
    A condition caused by insufficient production of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH) or by the inability of the kidneys to respond to ADH.
  27. diabetes mellitus
    A group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both.
  28. diabetic retinopathy
    Injury to the eye that occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels in the retina of the eye.
  29. electrolytes
    Mineral substances, such as sodium and potassium, normally found in the blood.
  30. epinephrine
    A hormone that stimulates the sympathetic nervous system in response to physical injury or to mental stress such as fear; also known as adrenaline.
  31. estrogen
    A hormone with an important role in the development and maintenance of the female secondary sex characteristics and the regulation of the menstrual cycle.
  32. exophthalmos
    An abnormal protrusion of the eyeball out of the orbit.
  33. follicle-stimulating hormone
    The hormone that stimulates the secretion of estrogen and the growth of ova (eggs) in the ovaries of the female. In the male, it stimulates the production of sperm in the testicles (testes).
  34. fructosamine test
    A blood test that measures average glucose levels over the past 3 weeks.
  35. gestational diabetes mellitus
    The form of diabetes that occurs during some pregnancies.
  36. gigantism
    Abnormal growth of the entire body that is caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone before puberty.
  37. glucagon
    The hormone that increases the amount of glucose in the bloodstream by stimulating the liver to convert glycogen into glucose.
  38. glucose
    The basic form of energy used by the body; also known as blood sugar.
  39. Graves' disease
    A disorder of unknown cause in which the immune system attacks the thyroid gland and stimulates it to make excessive amounts of thyroid hormone, resulting in hyperthyroidism.
  40. growth hormone
    The hormone that regulates the growth of bone, muscle, and other body tissues.
  41. gynecomastia
    The condition of excessive mammary development in the male.
  42. Hashimoto's disease
    An autoimmune disease in which the body's own antibodies attack and destroy the cells of the thyroid gland.
  43. hypercalcemia
    Abnormally high concentrations of calcium circulating in the blood instead of being stored in the bones and teeth.
  44. hyperglycemia
    An abnormally high concentration of glucose in the blood.
  45. hyperinsulinism
    A condition marked by excessive secretion of insulin in the bloodstream.
  46. hyperpituitarism
    The excessive secretion of growth hormone that causes acromegaly and gigantism.
  47. hyperthyroidism
    The overproduction of thyroid hormones, which causes an imbalance of metabolism.
  48. hypoglycemia
    An abnormally low concentration of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
  49. hypothyroidism
    A deficiency of thyroid secretion; also known as underactive thyroid.
  50. insulin
    The hormone secreted by the beta cells of the pancreatic islets in response to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream. Its function is to allow glucose to enter cells for energy or to stimulate the liver to convert glucose to glycogen for storage.
  51. insulinoma
    A benign tumor of the pancreas that causes hypoglycemia.
  52. interstitial cell-stimulating hormone
    The hormone that stimulates ovulation in the female. In the male, it stimulates the secretion of testosterone.
  53. laparoscopic adrenalectomy
    A minimally invasive procedure to surgically remove one or both adrenal glands.
  54. leptin
    A protein hormone secreted by fat cells that is involved in the regulation of appetite.
  55. luteinizing hormone
    The hormone that stimulates ovulation in the female and production of the female sex hormone progesterone. In the male, it stimulates the secretion of testosterone.
  56. myxedema
    A severe form of adult hypothyroidism.
  57. norepinephrine
    A combination of a hormone and a neurohormone that plays an important role in the "fight-or-flight response.",
  58. oxytocin
    Hormone secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland that stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth.
  59. pancreatitis
    Inflammation of the pancreas.
  60. parathyroidectomy
    The surgical removal of one or more of the parathyroid glands.
  61. pituitary adenoma
    One of two types of slow-growing, benign tumors of the pituitary gland that may or may not cause excess hormone secretion.
  62. polydipsia
    Excessive thirst.
  63. polyphagia
    Excessive hunger.
  64. polyuria
    Excessive urination.
  65. prediabetes
    A condition in which the blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes.
  66. progesterone
    This hormone, whose function is to complete the preparation of the uterus for pregnancy, is released during the second half of the menstrual cycle by the corpus luteum in the ovary.
  67. prolactinoma
    A benign tumor of the pituitary gland that causes the gland to produce too much prolactin.
  68. puberty
    The process of physical changes by which a child's body becomes an adult body that is capable of reproducing.
  69. radioactive iodine treatment
    The oral administration of radioactive iodine to destroy thyroid cells.
  70. steroids
    A large family of hormonelike substances that share the same fat-soluble chemical structure.
  71. testosterone
    A steroid hormone secreted by the testes and the adrenal cortex that stimulates the development of male secondary sex characteristics.
  72. thymectomy
    The surgical removal of the thymus gland.
  73. thymitis
    Inflammation of the thymus gland.
  74. thymosin
    Hormone secreted by the thymus gland that stimulates the maturation of lymphocytes into T cells of the immune system.
  75. thyroxine
    One of the primary hormones secreted by the thyroid gland that regulate the rate of metabolism and affect the growth and rate of function of other body systems.
Card Set
medical terminology endocrine system
medical terminology endocrine system