Medical Terminology Nervous System

  1. caus/o
    burning, burn
  2. cerebr/o
    cerebrum, brain
  3. concuss/o
    shaken together, violently agitated
  4. contus/o
  5. encephal/o
  6. -esthesia
    sensation, feeling
  7. esthet/o
    feeling, nervous sensation, sense of perception
  8. -graphy
    the process of producing a picture or record
  9. mening/o
    membranes, meninges
  10. myel/o
    spinal cord, bone marrow
  11. neur/i, neur/o
    nerve, nerve tissue
  12. phobia
    abnormal fear
  13. psych/o
  14. radicul/o
    root or nerve root
  15. tropic
    having an affinity for
  16. acrophobia
    An excessive fear of heights.
  17. Alzheimer's disease
    A group of disorders involving the parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language. It is the leading cause of dementia and is marked by progressive deterioration that affects memory and reasoning capabilities.
  18. amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    A rapidly progressive neurological disease that attacks the nerve cells responsible for controlling voluntary muscles, resulting in complete paralysis and death; also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.
  19. anesthetic
    Medication used to induce anesthesia.
  20. anesthetist
    A medical professional who specializes in administering anesthesia but is not a physician.
  21. anxiety disorders
    Mental conditions characterized by excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations or fear that is out of proportion to the real danger in a situation.
  22. autism
    A subgroup of autistic spectrum disorders. Children with autism have significant developmental delays, including speech and language, with most having very minimal verbal skills and lacking normal social relationships.
  23. Bell's palsy
    Temporary paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve that causes paralysis only on the affected side of the face.
  24. carotid ultrasonography
    An ultrasound study of the carotid artery to detect plaque buildup in the artery to predict or diagnose an ischemic stroke.
  25. causalgia
    Persistent, severe burning pain that usually follows an injury to a sensory nerve.
  26. cerebral contusion
    Bruising of brain tissue as a result of a head injury that causes the brain to bounce against the rigid bone of the skull.
  27. cerebral palsy
    A condition characterized by poor muscle control, spasticity, speech defects, and other neurologic deficiencies.
  28. cerebrovascular accident
    Damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted; also known as a stroke.
  29. cervical radiculopathy
    Nerve pain caused by pressure on the spinal nerve roots in the neck region.
  30. claustrophobia
    An abnormal fear of being in small or enclosed spaces.
  31. cognition
    The mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory.
  32. coma
    A deep state of unconsciousness marked by the absence of spontaneous eye movement, no response to painful stimuli, and the lack of speech.
  33. concussion
    A violent shaking up or jarring of the brain that may result in a temporary loss of awareness and function.
  34. cranial hematoma
    A collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the brain.
  35. delirium
    An acute condition of confusion, disorientation, disordered thinking and memory, agitation, and hallucinations.
  36. delirium tremens
    A disorder involving sudden and severe mental changes or seizures caused by abruptly stopping the use of alcohol.
  37. delusion
    A false personal belief that is maintained despite obvious proof or evidence to the contrary.
  38. dementia
    A slowly progressive decline in mental abilities--including memory, thinking, and judgment--that is often accompanied by personality changes.
  39. dura mater
    The thick, tough, outermost membrane of the meninges.
  40. dyslexia
    A learning disability characterized by substandard reading achievement due to the inability of the brain to process symbols; also known as a developmental reading disorder.
  41. echoencephalography
    The use of ultrasound imaging to create a detailed visual image of the brain for diagnostic purposes.
  42. electroencephalography
    The process of recording the electrical activity of the brain through the use of electrodes attached to the scalp.
  43. encephalitis
    Inflammation of the brain.
  44. epidural anesthesia
    Regional anesthesia produced by injecting a local anesthetic into the epidural space of the lumbar or sacral region of the spine.
  45. epilepsy
    A chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures of varying severities.
  46. factitious disorder
    A condition in which a person acts as if he or she has a physical or mental illness when he or she is not really sick.
  47. Guillain-Barré syndrome
    Inflammation of the myelin sheath of peripheral nerves, characterized by rapidly worsening muscle weakness that may lead to temporary paralysis; also known as infectious polyneuritis.
  48. hallucination
    A sensory perception (sight, touch, sound, smell, or taste) experienced in the absence of an external stimulation.
  49. hemorrhagic stroke
    Occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks or ruptures; also known as a bleed.
  50. hydrocephalus
    A condition in which excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the ventricles of the brain.
  51. hyperesthesia
    A condition of abnormal and excessive sensitivity to touch, pain, or other sensory stimuli.
  52. hypochondriasis
    A condition characterized by fearing that one has a serious illness despite appropriate medical evaluation and reassurance.
  53. ischemic stroke
    A type of stroke that occurs when the flow of blood to the brain is blocked by the narrowing or blockage of a carotid artery.
  54. lethargy
    A lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, drowsiness, and apathy.
  55. meningitis
    Inflammation of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord.
  56. meningocele
    The congenital herniation of the meninges that surround the brain or spinal cord through a defect in the skull or spinal column.
  57. migraine headache
    A headache that is characterized by throbbing pain on one side of the head and is sometimes accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light or sound.
  58. multiple sclerosis
    A progressive autoimmune disorder characterized by inflammation that causes demyelination of the myelin sheath, resulting in scarring of the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves.
  59. myelitis
    Inflammation of the spinal cord; also inflammation of bone marrow.
  60. myelography
    A radiographic study of the spinal cord after the injection of a contrast medium through a lumbar puncture.
  61. narcolepsy
    A sleep disorder consisting of sudden and uncontrollable brief episodes of falling asleep during the day.
  62. neurotransmitters
    Chemical substances that make it possible for messages to cross from the synapse of a neuron to the target receptor.
  63. obsessive-compulsive disorder
    An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent thoughts or impulses that are repetitive, intrusive, and distressing.
  64. panic attack
    An unexpected, sudden experience of fear in the absence of danger, accompanied by physical symptoms such as heart palpitations, shortness of breath, chest tightness, dizziness, sweating, nausea, feelings of unreality, and/or choking sensations.
  65. paresthesia
    A burning or prickling sensation that is usually felt in the hands, arms, legs, or feet, but can also occur in other parts of the body.
  66. Parkinson's disease
    A chronic, degenerative central nervous system disorder characterized by fine muscle tremors, rigidity, and a slow or shuffling gait caused by inadequate levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain.
  67. peripheral neuropathy
    A disorder of the peripheral nerves that carry information to and from the brain and spinal cord, producing pain, the loss of sensation, and the inability to control muscles.
  68. post-traumatic stress disorder
    A disorder that may develop after an event involving actual or threatened death or injury to the individual or someone else, during which the person felt intense fear, helplessness, or horror with symptoms including emotional numbing, hyperarousal, anxiety, sleep disorders, and persistent reliving of the event.
  69. Reye's syndrome
    A potentially serious or deadly disorder in children that is characterized by vomiting and confusion; sometimes follows a viral illness in which the child was treated with aspirin.
  70. schizophrenia
    A psychotic disorder usually characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of thinking, delusions and hallucinations, and accompanied in varying degrees by other emotional, behavioral, or intellectual disturbances.
  71. sciatica
    Inflammation of the sciatic nerve.
  72. seizure
    A sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain that affects how a person feels or acts for a short time.
  73. shaken baby syndrome
    The results when a child has been violently shaken by someone; can cause brain injury, blindness, fractures, seizures, paralysis, and death.
  74. syncope
    The brief loss of consciousness caused by the decreased flow of blood to the brain; also known as fainting.
  75. trigeminal neuralgia
    A condition characterized by severe lightning-like pain due to an inflammation of the fifth cranial nerve; affects the cheek, lips, and gums on the side of the face innervated by the affected nerve.
Card Set
Medical Terminology Nervous System
Medical Terminology Nervous System