Psychology test 3 nagmita nagmitas

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  1. Can prescribe drugs
  2. Psychological problem caused by the devil
  3. Statistical Rarity
    Abnormal behavior is rare, infrequent, but not all rare is abnormal.
  4. Violations of Norms
    Norms are unwritten rules of social conduct, violations of these norms make the observer nervous. Norms change over time. Violators could simply be odd, not abnormal.
  5. Maladaptive Behavior
    Behavior that interferes with basic needs of life, not all is abnormal.
  6. Personal Distress
    Behavior that leads to distress or unpleasant emotions
  7. M'Naghten Rule
    • Don't understand what you're doing
    • Cant tell right from wrong
  8. Irresistible impulse
    An action which cannot be controlled or prevented
  9. Why is Psychological diagnosis subjective?
    because there is no objective physical test that classifies the disorder.
  10. Psychological Diagnostic Tools
    Verbal Roports, Observation, Psychological Tests
  11. Benefits of Diagnosis(3)
    • 1. Helps find a cause for disorder
    • 2. Aids in communication- the label of diagnosis helps see the symptoms and aid treatment
    • 3. Course of the disorder is implied
  12. Syndrome
    collection of symptoms that go together
  13. Criticisms of Diagnosis (5)
    • 1. No 2 people have exact same symptoms
    • 2. Individuality is ignored
    • 3. The categories create a false sense of discontinuity between normal and abnormal.
    • 4. Unethical because it leads to stigmatization
    • 5. Creates self-fulfilling prophecy- people believe what ever they are told and become it even if they might not have been sick
  14. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
    More than 6 months, not clear why person feels anxious. Anxiety about everything.
  15. Symptoms: difficulty controlling anxiety, rest lessness, easily fatigued, difficulty concentrating, irritable, muscle tension, disturbed sleeping.
  16. People with what disorder often also display other disorders such as phobias, OCD, panic attacks, and depression
  17. Psychoanalytic explanation for GAD
    unconscious sexual or aggressive impulse are blocked
  18. Behavioral explanation for GAD
    Something in the environment triggers anxiety. ex. fear of making a mistake
  19. Biological explanation for GAD
    GABA inhibitory system fails to activate.
  20. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
    • Must take an hour out of a person's day.
    • Obessions and compulsions
  21. Obsessions
    interuptive thoughts the person realizes but cannot stop.
  22. Compulsions
    Rituals are performed to stop anxiety
  23. Psychoanalytic explanation for OCD
    overly harsh toilet training leads to an impulse to soil which is prevented by reaction formation.
  24. Reaction Formation
    person knows his desires are unacceptable, so he tries to convince himself or others that he does not think that way, usually by over exaggeration.
  25. Behavioral explanation for OCD
    irresistable urge(compulsion) is negatively reinforced
  26. Biological explanation for OCD
    Caused by overactivity in basal ganglia
  27. Panic disorder
    • fear, dizziness, pounding heart, chest pain, derealization, sweating, trebling, fear of losing control or going crazy, heart attack.
    • symptoms need to occur more than once.
    • change behavior according to attacks
  28. What disorder may develop into agoraphobia?
    Panic Disorder
  29. What is Agoraphobia?
    When a person fears being in a situation where escape is difficult
  30. Biological explanations for Panic Attacks
    Pons is overly sensitive to norepirephrine which triggers the attack
  31. Cognitive explanations for Panic Attacks
    Bodily sensations are blown out of proportion
  32. Phobias
    unrealistic fear of an object or situation
  33. Psychoanalytic explanation for Phobias
    Repressed id impulse displaced onto symbolic object.
  34. Learning or Behavioral explanation for Phobias
    Mower's 2 factor theory: classical conditioning associates the fear behavior and negative reinforcement by avoiding maintains it.
  35. Biological explanations for Phobias
    Serotonin levels
  36. Cognitive explanation for Phobias
    Social Phobia, exaggeration of negative judgements by others to oneself
  37. Defines abnormality (4)
    Violation of norms, statistical rarity, maladaptive behavior, personal distress
  38. Catatonia
    showing lack of responsiveness to environment
  39. Disssociative fugue
    Break in a person's consciousness that affects identity
  40. Mania
    Impulsive, motivate decision, talk fast
  41. percentage of men and women developing depression
    M 5-12% W 10-25%
  42. Characteristics of a person with a depressive explanatory style
    Internal blame for everything
  43. Positive Symptoms of Schizophrenia
    Hallucinations, delusions, word salad, disorganized, catatonic.
  44. Negative sympotms of Schizophrenia
    Flat affect, loss of motivation, poverty of speech
  45. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    Being a witness or victim to a life threatening event, recurrent recollections, dreams of event, distress to cues of the event, reactivity to cues of the event.
  46. Major depression/ unipolar depression
    Depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure for 2 years min. 4 out of the symptoms should occur.
  47. Symptoms of Major/ unipolar depression
    weight change, fatigue/ lack of energy, slow, guilt and worthless felling, suicidal thoughts, insomnia-unable to stay asleep, loss of concentration.
  48. Dysthymic Disorder
    Depression where the person still gets through the day- for 2 years
  49. Psychoanalytic explanation for depression
    loss of loved one, negative thinking and beliefs, bad characteristics.
  50. Behavioral explanation for depression
    Possible thoughts about rewards change leading to decline in rewards, leading to lower activity levels, leading to even lower rewards.
  51. Learned explanations for depression
    Actions have no effect on outcomes, person quits trying and had learned to be helpless
  52. Biological explanation for depression
    Genetic influences, neurotransmitters- serotonin and norepinephrine
  53. Bipolar Disorder
    Alternates between depression and manic stage/ extreme agitation. Has genetic factor
  54. Discarded explanations of Schizophrenia(4)
    mother, double bind messages from parents, disease myth, an escape mechanism, childhood trauma.
  55. diathesis
    Tendency to suffer from a medical condition, such as genes and stress are for Schiz.
  56. Dissociative Amnesia
    loss or block or memory
  57. Dissociative Identity disorder
    Multiple personality like amnesia
  58. borderline personality disorder
    you want everyone to like u, fear of abandonment
  59. paradigm choice
    A general approach a person uses to explain and understand something, whether it's the cause of a mental illness or the creation of the world
  60. PhD. Research, will not and can not prescribe, treat and diagnose
  61. Trained in Freudian Analytic Techniques PSYD
  62. Somatogenesis
    In the body, treated by medicine drugs
  63. Psychogenic perspectives
    hypnosis, it's all in the mind
  64. 2 avenues to the unconscious according to psychoanalysts
    Free Association and Dream Analysis
  65. Free Association
    rambling without censoring
  66. Dream Analysis
    • Manifest- actual
    • Latent- hidden meaning
  67. Who do not accept the idea of symptom substitution
    Behavioral Therapists, they treat the exact problem
  68. Associate an unpleasant experience with a behavior previously associated with pleasure
    Aversion Therapy
  69. Like the bunny fear- undesired fear is associated with relaxation
    Systematic desensitization
  70. Fear eventually subsides, they get tired of getting scared, flood of bunnies
  71. Natural punishers
    Biological preparedness
  72. Token economy
    get tokens for doing what they are asked, so to use as money
  73. Albert Ellis's ABD theory of emotion, what causes the unpleasant psychological condition?
    • 1. Activating event
    • 2. Irrational belief
    • 3. Emotional response
    • has to happen in order
  74. 1st antipsychotic drug for schitz
    Thorazine, only positive symptoms
  75. Phenothiazine drugs to treat schizophrenia are
    dopamine antagonists
  76. What is tardive dyskinesia?
    Declining body movements due to drugs for parkinson's disease showing up, can not be reversed
  77. What are the typical antipsychotic drugs for schiz. that are also effective on the negative symptoms
    Risperidone and Clozapine
  78. Diet restriction antidepressants to avoid dangerous blood pressure.
  79. The antianxiety drugs like xanax, and valium enhance the effectiveness of what neurotransmitter?
  80. When a patient improves without therapy
    spontanious remission
  81. Eclectic therapist
    open therapist who uses different therapy styles for treatment.
  82. Stages of General Adaptive Syndrome(3)
    • Alarm Stage- changes physiological processes
    • Resistance stage- refuse outward signs of stress
    • Exhaustion stage- organ damage
  83. Deeply thinking about something else when you are supposed to be doing something.
    Ruminative thinking
  84. Characteristics of Hardy individuals (5)
    Sense of control of life, Purpose of commitment, interests outside of personal life, challenge and change, and healthy.
  85. Internal locus of control
    Person feels responsible for what goes on
  86. External locus of control
    Person feels that the situation is out of control
  87. Increased levels of cholesterol that are connected to heart disease are associated with what
    LDL VLDL and hypertension can result in high temp from increasing bad blood pressure
  88. Transference
    talking to psychologist like they are good friends
  89. Subtle persuasion
    overtime getting facts in behavior therapy to prove the conflict.
  90. Akathesia
    increased aggitation
  91. Catastrophizing
    focusing on the worst possible outcome and negative consequences
  92. Eustress
    Positive stress like marriage
  93. Arbitrary Inferencne
    Negative conclusions based on little evidence
  94. Eustress
    positive stress
  95. types of stressors
    significant life events - daily stresses -catastrophic
  96. Biological explanations due to serotonin
    phobias and depression
  97. biological explanations due to norepinephrine
    Depression and panic attack
  98. biological exp. due 2 GABA
  99. biological exp due to basal ganglia
Card Set
Psychology test 3 nagmita nagmitas
Dr. Rick Fry's test 3
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