Equine2- Field Emergency, Neuro

  1. When to refer? (5)
    stabilize first: if the horse may need surgery, advanced diagnostics, more monitoring/txt than you can provide, you don't have time, the owner requests referral or second opinion
  2. What considerations should you have when deciding to refers or repair a laceration? (4)
    does is go into a synovial structure, is it infected, do you need a drain, is the horse more lame than you expect
  3. When do you give enteral fluids?
    if the horse is not shocky and the gut is working
  4. When do you give IV fluids?
    if the horse is shocky and/or the gut is not working
  5. Indications for IV fluid therapy. (3)
    GI disorders, exercise-related dehydration, shock (blood loss, hypovolemia, endotoxemia)
  6. Challenges of IV fluids in the field. (4)
    finding a place to hang the fluids, freezing temps, no one to monitor fluids, can take up a lot of space in the truck
  7. What fluids do you give horses with signs of shock?
    hypertonic saline 2-4mL/kg
  8. Indications for enteral fluid therapy. (3)
    impactions, dehydration after travel, dysphagia
  9. Don't bolus enteral fluids more than _________ at a time.
    8-10 liters
  10. Lameness gaits are ______________; neurologic gaits are _______________.
    regularly irregular; irregularly irregular/unpredictable
  11. What is the most common cause of facial paralysis (CN VII) and vestibular disease (CN VIII)?
    temporohyoid osteopathy ( joint fuses--> fractures--> fracture ends damage the CNS)
  12. Sensory neural ataxia, increased flight phase of limb, unconscious proprioceptive deficit,  arching of foot.
Card Set
Equine2- Field Emergency, Neuro
vetmed equine2