1. ÒCharacter of musical culture determined by the interaction of three fundamental ethnic groups:
    • Slavs
    • Proto-Bulgarians
    • Remnants of ancient Thracian population
  2. starobalgarskivat
    old bulgarian church chant influenced by Byzantine chant
  3. ÒPreservation and development of great cultural diversity aided by:
  4. The topography of Bulgaria
    • Contact between villages was difficult
    • Communities were secluded
    • Ottoman empire’s rule
  5. womens work song
    • slow sustained non metrical
    • resulting sound had intense ringing sound that would reach women working in neighboring plots
  6. rest songs
    • rhythmic and lively
    • humorous
  7. nadpvavane
    • singing competition
    • singled out couples
  8. khora/khoro
    children's circle of line dances
  9. ritual songs and ances
    • celebrated life cycle events
    • such as badni vecher, koleda
  10. badni vecher
    christmas eve
  11. koleda
    men traveling to differnet homes blessing livestock home of family member
  12. epic singing
    • male of female
    • single instrumental accompainment line
    • hundreds of lines
  13. epic sings usually recounted legendary escapades of
    • momchil
    • krali marko
  14. since epic singing contianed hundred os lines the were often....
    improvised to a few similar, non-metrical melodies
  15. historical ballads
    • took figures and events from more recent past
    • many portrayed the deeds of rebel fighters who attacked the ottoman brigades
  16. mythological ballads
    told of mystical being and their human lovers, spirites, demons, faireies
  17. four main instrument in their folk music:
    • 1) kaval
    • 2) ovcharska svirka/ tsafara
    • 3) duduk
    • 4) gayda
  18. kaval
    • instrument
    • large range
    • timbre is thought to resemble the human voice
    • vibrato produced by fingers
  19. svirka/ tsafara
    • smaller version of the kaval
    • wood or bone
    • modern made from metal
  20. duduk
    • a shepherds plugged whistle flute
    • varies in size
  21. gayda
    • used for accompanying wddings and outdoor celebrations
    • a bagpipe with a single chanter and drone
    • 3 sizes
  22. instrumental and vocal music were mostly......
    • monophonic
    • sang in unison
  23. the only indigenous instruments to not produce two-voiced textures
    • duduk
    • svirka
    • kaval
  24. womens voice were separeted by:
    • chist
    • debel
  25. chist, piskliy
    • woman voice devision
    • clean, reedy
  26. debel, mazhen, maten
    • womans voice devision
    • think, buttery, muddy
  27. bavni pesni
    • slow song
    • unpulsed rubato
    • improvisatory
    • densely ornamented
    • included harvest and agricultural songs
  28. how did the pass on there music?
    • by performances
    • by face to face time
  29. was music part of their social life?
  30. what was a main concern of the music?
    the timbre of the voices
  31. rubato
    tempo slows down
Card Set