Reading Assignment #9

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  1. What is Pathology?
    the study of disease
  2. When do we see Pyrogens and what do we do?
    • During fever and inflammation.
    • They cause the body to raise it's temperature
  3. Five cardinal signs of inflammation
    • Heat
    • Redness
    • Swelling
    • Pain
    • Loss of function
  4. What is Exudate?
    • visible production of the inflammatory process
    • Purulent
  5. What is caseous exudate?
    purulent material that is a thick, pasty material that resembles cheese.
  6. what do pyogenic bacteria cause in the host?
    t produce a purulent or suppurative exudate
  7. WHat must a virus do to cause disease?
    • enter the animals body
    • bind to the surface of a host cell
    • enter cell and destroy it
  8. What does a neurotropic virus attack?
    the nervous system
  9. What is a contusion?
    bruise or injury with no break in surface tissue
  10. What is a laceration?
    a tear or jagged wound
  11. what is a concussion?
    • a violent shock or jarring of the tissue 
    • common in brains after blunt trauma
  12. what is a spica splint?
    • a semirigid splint bandage
    • brought over trunk to immobilize the elbow or shoulder
  13. what is a Schroeder-Thomas splint?
    • external weight baring device
    • used for closed fractures of the radius/ulna or tibia/fibia on young dogs
  14. What is a Ehmer Sling?
    • a sling applied after reduction of hip lunation
    • maintains hip flexion, abduction, and internal rotation
    • keeps the femoral head deeply seated in the acetabulum
  15. what is a modified ehmer sling?
    maintains hip flexion and abduction but no internal rotation
  16. What is a Velpeau Sling?
    prevents weight bearing on the forelimb against the shoulder and chest wall
  17. What is a thermal burn?
    exposure to excessive heat
  18. What is a first degree burn?
    superficial and involve only the epidermis
  19. What is a third degree burn?
    • destroys the full thickness of the skin
    • form dark brown, insensitive, leathery covering called eschar.
  20. How often are burn bandages changed?
    twice daily
  21. What is a electrical burn?
    • from an electrical charge
    • signs: necrosis, cardiac dysrhythmias and acute pulmonary disease
  22. What can happen 2-3 weeks after an electrical burn?
    • ischemic demarcation (decrease in the blood supply in a specific area) and sloughing
    • due to current flow along blood vessels and tissue when burned
  23. What is a common name for Decubital Ulcers?
    pressure soars
  24. Why do we clip piglet teeth?
    to keep them from harming each other or irritating the sows teats
  25. how far away from the abdomen should we cut a piglets umbilical cord?
    4-5cm away
  26. Why do we tail dock piglets?
    to reduce tail biting in the grower-finisher stage
  27. When is the best time to castrate a piglet?
    3 weeks of age
Card Set
Reading Assignment #9
Important information, terminology, and stuff (NOT ALL) I found while reading the assignments. Pg: 276-280, 321-332, 665-674
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