bio chps 5-6

  1. if biosphere is the largest organization, then, ecosystem, what comes next if we were to go smaller?
  2. Psalm 139:13-15 know generally what it is about
    we were kit together in our mothers womb, we are fearfully and wonderfully made
  3. name one scientific thought of the past, when the right was already written in the bible
    the world is not flat, it is round
  4. what is an organic molecule?
    it is a molecule made from carbon
  5. why is carbon so unique- how many bonds can it form?
    it is essential to life- 4 bonds
  6. what is hydrocarbon?
    a compound of only hydrogen and carbon
  7. what is a functional group?
    a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predictable ways with other molecules
  8. write the formula for hydroxyl and amino groups
    • hydro- OH 
    • amino-  H
    •                N
    •                /
    •              H
  9. What is a polymer?what is a monomer?
    • poly- a long chain of small molecular units (monomers)
    • mono- a small molecular unit that is the building block of a larger molecule
  10. what are then 4 large organic macromolecules or polymers?
    carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins
  11. what reaction happened when we linked elmer's glue monomers together?
    dehydration reaction
  12. what do carbohydrates do for your cells?
    main fuel supply for cellular work, cells break down glucose molecules and extract their stored energy
  13. what are the 3 major carbohydrates?
    • monosaccharides- simple sugars contain just one sugar unit
    • disaccharides- "double sugar" sucrose
    • polysaccharides- complex carbohydrates
  14. what do proteins do for your cell?
    responsible for almost all of the day-to-day functioning of organisms
  15. what is diff. between saturated and unsaturated fats?
    saturated fats have more hydrogen than unsaturated fats
  16. what is cholesterol?
    a waxy, fat-like substance found in cells in our bodies
  17. what are chains of amino acids called?
    polypeptide chains
  18. how many amino acids are in our body?
  19. what does a catalyst do?
    speeds up a reaction
  20. how does an enzyme react with a substance?
    it breaks up the substance into two separate substances
  21. write the 3 parts of the cell theory
    • 1. all living organisms are composed of cells
    • 2. the cell is the most basic unit of life
    • 3. all cells are from pre-existing cells
  22. what receives, modifies, and transports ? 
  23. what holds water?
  24. transports things around cell?
  25. makes proteins?
  26. makes energy in the form of ATP?
    • mitochondria
    • energy= cellular respiration
  27. allows support and flexibility? what are the 2 parts of this?
    • 1. endoplasmic reticulum
    • 2. smoothER and roughER
  28. diffusion movement is ______ to ______, this is PASSIVE TRANSPORT=NO ______ required
    • 1. high conc.
    • 2. low  conc.
    • 3. energy
  29. why does the mitochondria have a folded inner membrane?
    increase surface area to maximize production of ATP energy
  30. what is the difference between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells and which ones do humans or bacteria have?
    • 1. eukar. have many organelles in the cell, and prokar. does not
    • 2.humans=eukar.
    •    bacteria= prokar.
  31. plant cell                    animal cell
    -                               -
    -                               -
    -                               -
    -                               -
    • plant                               animal 
    • - cell wall and membrane - membrane (c)
    • - chloroplasts                  - no chloroplasts
    • - large vacuole                - small vaculoes
    • store food as starch         - store food as 
    •                                          glycogen
  32. facilitated diffusion is using the ________ in the membrane to pass certain things through
  33. what are 3 proteins that help the cell membrane?
    carrier, channel, and glycol
  34. osmosis is the diffusion of______.
  35. active transport requires _____ to move things opposites ( ____ to ____)
    • 1. energy
    • 2. low to high concentraction
  36. exocytosis- __________________________________________________.
    process of exporting proteins from a cell by a vesicle fusing with the plasma membrane
  37. endocytosis- ____________________________________________________________.
    process of taking material into a cell within vesicles that bud inward from the plasma membran
Card Set
bio chps 5-6