Where the first battles of the american revolutionary war took place
Battle Of Bunker Hill
Most fighting would actually be on Breeds Hill
English were bombing certain places
Americans would lose this battle because of Britains larger numbers but they felt they one anyways
Would inflict significant damage upon the British army
Second Continental Congress
Was the 2nd attmept to create a government
some wanted complete independence from England (Sam Adams).
Others just wanted the be peaceful again and wanted only a small amount of control from England
Came up with 2 resolutions known as Olive Branch Petition, and Declaration of the causes and Necessity of taking up arms.
Olive Branch Petition (July 5 1775)
Reiterated Colonial grievances to the crown and spelled out ways to fix this problems quickly and easily
Declaration of the causes and Necessity of taking up arms.
Said the colonists were left with 2 solutions
and total control under the Crown
Closed all ports to overseas trade
stipulated that no concessions would be given to the colonies
Intensified the antagonistic attitudes between the colonies and the crown
Created his Ethiopian Regiment (Negro Army)
Announced that any slaves that made it across his lines would be put in his army to earn their freedom.
38 year old Englishman who migrated to the colonies and wrote a book called Common Sense. would be one of he most important books in American History.
Said the king was not very smart and recommended breaking away form England
Also spoke of a new type of government where the people vote the leader of the country into power and take away their power as they see fit.
July 4th 1776 Declaration of Independence
Document that stated their freedom from Britain
What was the first thing colonists did when they declared their independence?
They opened their ports and started making connections with other countries
A winter camp that George Washington was forced into during the winter
Battle Of Saratoga
Marked the climax of the Saratoga campaign and gave the English a victory over the British
Decided to switch sides during the civil war
Battle of Yorktown
The french and George Washington would defeat Lord Cornwallis
What were to two ongoing decisions at the end of the war
Many wanted to keep the war going but others just wanted to go ahead and end it.
The Treaty of Paris
tried to protect loyalist to Britain and also guaranteed full protection for them. Also agreed that America would be recognized as a country
Was the son of Benjamen Franklin and was also a soldier in the war
People who war loyal to Britain during the war. Many would decide to go to Canada after the war.
Was a religion that was usually run by the queen or king so it was not very favorable in the colonies after the war.
The would lost favor with colonists because their faith would not allow them to participate in war and they stayed neutral.
Women post war
Women gained a whole new respect as figures of the household many women also participated in the war.
worked a cannon in the revolutionary war after watching her husband get shot. Helped to start the women rights movement
Native Americans after the war
Many were loyal to Great Britain and took their side so they were prosecuted by the colonists and treated as conquered people
was one of the most influential men in history but was later killed in a deul
was a rebellion resulting form the colonies needing money when they were being taxed.
Helped word the constitution and and said there should be and upper house of equal representation and a lower house based on poplulation
3/5 compromise said slaves would count as 3/5 of a person
Problems with trade
Ships no longer had Protection from the British
England is driving them off high seas
No longer could trade w/ England
Privateers would raid colonial trade ships
Articles of Confederation
first attemept at creating a constitution but was very weak.
Northwest ordinance of 1787
A law passed in 1787 to regulate the settlement of the Northwest Territory, which eventually was divided into several states of the Middle West. The United States was governed under the Articles of Confederation at the time.
Was a document describing how the government would be run. established houses and voting rights as well as human rights. It was signed on Sep. 7th 1787
The men who helped to created the constituiton
Supporters of the constitution
a collection of journals that discussed the constitution.
People who were against the constitution because it:
favored the wealthy
weakened the power of the states
After the constitution was ratified this is what anti-federalists would become known as.
Included Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
First president of the United States
First VP of the United states
Created Supreme Court
Conflicting views of the North and South
Federalists wanted technology and a mechanized america
republicans wanted to be spread out and only rely on agriculture.
A small scale rebellion against taxes because of a tax on whiskey rebels would destroy the home of a tax collector
British soldiers had no yet left and ships where still harassing the US. the treaty got the money we lost through all this was returned to us.
Pickney treaty was a treaty with the Spanish that gained them the control of the Ms. River.
Election of 1796
John Adams was elected President
Place a lot of restriction on Immigration
Basically took away freedom of speech if it was speech that stood against ideas of government.
Wanted to shrink government and give power to the states again. He was elected president after John Adams
Education in the early 1800s
People supported Jefferson's idea of public schools and colleges would also be established for law and medecine
2nd Great Awakening
Only 10 percent of people would still be affiliated with a church. made ministries less important and tried to re instituted god into life. people would become Christians again.
was a camp meeting revival that supported the 2nd great awakening and kind of set it off.
The north started to use machinery in the making of items. it was quicker easier and made a lot of people more money.
Created by Eli Whitney in 1793 cotton gin allowed Mississippi to take off in the cotton Market. helped revolutionize the south. increased profit form cotton 8x what it used to be. made slaver increase form 400,000 or over 4,000,000
Colonies would start using ships for transportation of goods or trade.
Robert Fulton Livingston steamboat would be key to expanding trade especially in the US.
Thomas Jefferson was the president of the US. during the War of 181
Needed access to the mouth of the Mississippi so we could use that for trade after Spain took that away form us. Napoleon who was desperate for funds for his war would then offer them the entire state of Louisiana including the entire MS River.
The Haitians revolted from he french and broke themselves loose of French Control
said that any slave who had the money to buy their freedom could do so.
Free Person of color race and citizenship
Thomas Jefferson said that these people were dangerous because it would influence slave to revolt.
Was a conspiracy that claimed to man who murdered Alexander Hamilton was planning to try and take over New Orleans.
Marbury Vs Madison
Was the first supreme court case where something was ruled unconstitutional.
How the war of
how the war of 1812 began
Problems withe international trade
The Indian problem
British west florida
Hurt great Britain trade said any ship from great Britain or doing business with great Britain would not be allowed in French ports
In turn the British set up a blockade that made it to where all ships had to pass through it before going to french ports
Went on ships and had to force people to serve on British navy ships
Chesapeake leapoard incident
When the british fired upon an English ship killing many
helped to organize Indian tribes against Americans. would later perish against the US in Canada
William Henry Harrison
Would lead an attack on Indians in 1812 helping to start the war of 1812.
John Calhoun and Henry Clay
hated the British and wanted them out of Canada and America
New England succession
New England did not like the idea of war because they knew it was not good for trade. they talked about succeeding form the US. to get away form it.
Absence of the british in Early year.
The US managed to work their way up to Canada where they burned down the capitol in Montreal.
The British turn their attention towards America.
Great Britain would send over more troops to support the upcoming war and the soldiers even returned the favor by burning our White house down
Battle of McHenry
Where the Star Spangled Banner was written by Francis Scott Key
The treaty of Ghent
signed in 1814 and did not really satisfy either side becuase the war was a draw
The Battle of New Orleans
Perhaps the most popular battle and took place after the war was officially over. Andrew Jackson led country men an all black army and even pirates into a battle with the British where they lost 7 men. 2000 Britain's would be wounded or killed and Andrew Jackson would be considered a national Hero
Winner and losers of the war of 1812
Nobody really one but the Indians definitely lost. the lost a lot of land and a large portion of their population.
introduced the era of good feelings.
pre civil war era
The Missouri compromise
said slavery would be contained and after they turned 25 would be emancipated. Helped end the era of good feelings.
Also the main reason for the civil war
36-30 parrellel line
admitted Main as a free state. when a slave state is admitted, a free state is admitted and implied African Americans were not American Citizens and had no rights
and informal meeting where they decided to vote for president to take the public out of it.
was the Hero of the battle in 1812 New Orleans. and was considered more of a common man. was also a president
John Quincy Adams
was one of the presidents of the United States.
he believed people did not have their rights because they were not smart enough
was an attempt to force a broader democracy
White Male Suffrage
White men who did not own land were not allowed to vote.
The election of 1828
was the election mainly between Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams. Andrew Jackson won by a landslide
The British went on ships and forcibly enlisted English men
Second Bank of America
was set up to help regulate commerce and had a 20 year charter.
In between the 2 groups made money and traded with the Indians often married Indian or Spanish women
was tin many ways the broker of the Missouri compromise put up for election
John C Calhoun
was very young and very talented politician he would drop out after John Quincy Adams and thomas Jefferson approached him about being Vice President
The Corrupt Bargain
John Adams would take Henry Clay as his vice president
The tarrif of abominations
protected American made good from being cut and really helped Northern Manufacturers and went against southern farmers
overrode pensylvanias nullification of the Treaty
The Black Hawk War
another conflict about land that was supposedly native American war
Trail of Tears
forced the movement of 12000 choctaw indians
Was the president of the bank and used his power to his advantage
Hard Money vs. Soft money
gold and silver coins vs unreliable cash money that may or may not be backed up
2nd bank of United states and Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson was very against the second bank. He wanted to kill it
Nationalistic belief that america was destined to expand farther than their current borders
Texas and Oregon
Mexico and Oregon would both be accepted into the unites states with Texas being a slave state. America would offer much money for Texas and Mexico would refuse
Mexico would sell the land for very cheep to pull in a larger poplulation but they would rebel agianst mexico
General Antonio Lopez
Led an army against Texans and won but would eventually be defeated and forced to surrender creating the Republic of Texas.
Territorial dispute the area that ecompases Oregon had been claimed by the British but many American s would go into this land and settle
a battle between texas and Mexico that Texas would be defeated.
Mexican American war.
we would defeat Mexico and pay them 15 million for texas to make it official in the eyes of mexico
created an amendment that said there would be no more slave states but it would be vetoed and many people were worried that slavery would be contained or eliminated
said people in their own state should b able to decide whether or whether not they would won slaves.
Free soil Party
Martin Van Buren wanted slaver contained so there would be more opportunity for middle and lower class whites
Slavery in California in 1849
citizens are protesting for statehood and the constitution they produced banned slavery and there were offers states that were up for statehood and if that happened they were worried the balance between slave states and free states would tip
Compromise of 1850
Would admit California as a free state and would grant popular sovereignty to the other territories aquired from mexico and made a stronger fugitive slave law that made it illegal for law enforcement not to assist in the returning of slaves to their masters however many would still ignore it
Kansas Nebraska act
Proposed to take two a chunk of land and separatist it into two states Kansas and Nebraska
instituted popular sovereignty
repealed the Missouri compromise
propelled us toward the civil war.
was not united ans split up to help form the republican party
wanted states to be free so middle class could prosper more
people would walk across the border to vote pro slavery
Beleived he was called on by god to end slavery by bloodshed. He and his sons hacked up 6 men and fled to the North
Would kill her children to keep them out of slavery.
the expansion of slavery in the Deep South
more than 400,000 slaves would be transported into the deep south
Second Middle Passage
more and more people where moved to the deep central South
A bill was presented saying that slavery would become illlegal in the South for slaves to work and they would work to pay off their worth and then leave the south but the bill was voted down.
1811 the German Coat Revolt
A slave revolt that would be led on New Orleans
was a slave that led a revolt. Did not want to kill white people or even end slavery. He just wanted to secure that there would be better work conditions for them.
Denmark V.C. revolt
wanted to steal slave ships and take African slaves to haiti
Nat Turner Revolt
Went from Plantation to plantation killing all the white people in sight and was eventually caught and executed.
Why would slave owners not let their slaves learn to read and write
because they believed when they were literate there was more of a chance they would revolt
South Carolina would be the first state to leave the United states
A compromise that said if the confederate states came back to the union they would pass laws saying that slavery would be an institution in the united states forever.
presidents of the confederate states and the union
Jefferson Davis- confederate
Abraham Lincoln- Union
Said that it was natural for the superior race to lead the weaker race
the start of the Civil War
ordered PGT Beaureguard to order surrender from anderson
What were the Border states
said all the union wanted was for the confederate states to come back to the union because nobody was trying to take away slavery
1st confiscation act
Said the union could confiscate anyone's property from the south including slaves if they were part of the rebelling states
John C Freemont
A general in the Civil War for Missouri
the 2nd confiscation act
said if slaves were confiscated they would be freed.