Anatomy- Limbs & back- Introduction

The flashcards below were created by user Sibur11 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. What is the plane between the sagittal plane and the lateral side?
    Parasagittal plane
  2. How is the axis that goes from head to toes called?
    Longitudinal Axis
  3. What are the functions of the skeleton?
    • Support
    • Storage
    • Blood cell production
    • Protection
    • Leverage
  4. What are the functions of muscles
    • Produce skeletal movement
    • Maintain posture and body position
    • Regulate the opening and closing of bodily orifices
    • Maintains body temperature
  5. What type of bone is the humerus?
    Long bone
  6. What type of bone are the carpal bones?
    Short Bones
  7. What type of bone are the bones of the skull?
    Flat bone
  8. What type of bone is the patella?
    Sesamoid Bone
  9. What type of bone is the vertebrae?
    Irregular Bones
  10. What is the plural of foramen?
  11. What is the plural of fossa?
  12. What is a facet?
    Small flat articular surface
  13. What is a tubercle?
    eminence or outgrowth for articulation or muscle attachement
  14. What is a tuberosity?
    rough projection on boney surface
  15. What is a condyle?
    Round prominence at end of a bone often for articulation
  16. What is an epicondyle?
    a round projection above a condyle serving for ligament and tendon attachment
  17. What is part of the axial skeleton?
    • skull
    • vertebral column
    • ribs
    • sternum
  18. What is part of the appendicular skeleton?
    • pectoral girdle
    • bones of the upper/lower limbs
    • pelvic girdle
  19. What are the 2 types of solid joint?
    • Fibrous Solid Joint
    • Cartilagenous Solid Joint
  20. What are the types of fibrous solid joint?
    • Gomphosis
    • Suture
    • Syndesmosis
  21. What are the types of cartilagenous solid joint?
    • Synchondrosis
    • Symohysis
  22. Where can we find gomphosis joint?
  23. Where can we find suture joint?
    between the bones of the skull
  24. Where can we find Syndesmosis joint?
    between radius and ulna
  25. Where can we find synchondrosis joint?
    costal cartilage
  26. Where can we find symphysis joint?
    • intervertebral disc
    • pubic symphysis
  27. What's the part of a synovial joint that produces the fluid?
    Synovial Membrane
  28. What are the parts (4) of a synovial joint?
    • Fibrous Membrane
    • Synovial Membrane
    • Synovial Cavity
    • Articular Cartilage
  29. What kind of synovial joint is there is the intertubercular groove of the humerus?
    Tedonous Synovial Sheaths
  30. What is circumduction?
    Flexion/Extension, Abduction/Adduction one after the other
  31. What are the 3 fibers of the eskeletal muscle from the smaller to the biggest?
    • Myofibril
    • Muscle Fiber
    • Fascicle
  32. What is a motor unit?
    one muscle innervating multiple fibers
  33. What are the contractile components of muscle?
    Actin and Myosin filaments
  34. What are the type of muscle contraction?
    • Reflexive contraction
    • Tonic contraction
    • Phasic Contraction
  35. What is reflexive contraction?
    Automatic control (diaphragm, eyelids)
  36. What is tonic contraction?
    Constant slight contraction (muscles of the back)
  37. What is phasic contraction?
    active contraction
  38. What are the type of phasic contraction?
    • Isometric
    • Isotonic
  39. What is isometric contraction?
    muscle contracts but does not shorten, no mouvement
  40. What is are the types of isotonic contraction?
    • Concentric contraction (shorten)
    • Eccentric contraction (extend)
  41. What is an agonist muscle?
    it's contraction creates the mouvement
  42. What is an antagonist muscle?
    controls, slows and resists the mouvement through relaxation
  43. What is a synergist muscle?
    additional muscles that assist in the agonist function
Card Set
Anatomy- Limbs & back- Introduction
introduction to anatomy
Show Answers