A&P Test 2 (3)

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  1. What does the hemostatic contribution of the skin make?
  2. The bones shaft or body--- the long, cylindrical, main portion of the bone.
  3. Growing over; are the proximal and distal ends of the bone (both ends of the bone at the joints)
  4. Between, are the regions between the diaphysis and the epiphyses. (2)
  5. A tough connective tissue sheath and its associated blood supply that surrounds the bone surface wherever it is not covered by articular cartilage (connective tissue surrounding the diaphysis)
  6. What marrow does
    Minimizes the weight of the bone by reducing the dense bony material where it is least needed
  7. Hollow space within diaphysis
    Medullary cavity
  8. A thin membrane lining the medulary cavity
  9. A layer of hyaline cartilage in the metaphysis of growing bone that consist of four zones: zone of resting cartilage, proliferating cartilage, hypertrophic cartilage, calcified cartilage.
    epiphyseal plate
  10. Bone building cells that secrete matrix. They synthesize and secrete collagen fibers and other organic components needed to build the extracellular matrix of bone tissue, and they initiate calcification
  11. Mature bone cells, are the main cells in bone tissue and maintain its daily metabolism, such as the exchange of nutrients and waste with the blood. Don't undergo cell division
  12. Are huge cells derived from the fusion of as many as 50 monocytes and are concentrated in the endosteum (remodel bonees and cause them to release calcium)
  13. large flat cells with branching processes. They are present in all general connective tissues, and usually are the most numerous. Migrate through the connective tissue, secreting the fibers and certain components of the ground substance of the extracellular matrix
  14. A partial fracture in which one side of the bone is broken and the other side bends; occurs in children whose bones are not fully ossified and contain more organic material than inorganic material
    greenstick fracture
  15. A series of microscope fissures in bone that forms without any evidence of injury to other tissues. Also result from disease processes that disrupt normal bone calcification, such as osteoporosis.
    stress fracture
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A&P Test 2 (3)
test 2
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