Immigration 1865-1900 AMH2020

  1. In this period, population doubles from 40 million to 80 million, 25 million immigrants from Europe

    Touched off by United States’ massive industrial expansion

    Industrialization in Europe led to collapse of peasant-farmer economy in Eastern, Southern Europe

    Industrialization in Europe led to population explosion
    Immigration 1865-1900
  2. Before 1890, most immigrants from northern, western Europe

    Mostly Protestant

    Many speak English—Irish, British

    Relatively high literacy rate, assimilated easily
    Immigration 1865-1900
  3. After 1890, mostly from southern, eastern Europe

    Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Jewish

    Mostly illiterate, poor

    Do not speak English

    Many fleeing militarism, pogroms
    Immigration 1865-1900
  4. Difficulties Faced by the New Immigrants
    Prejudice and Discrimination

  5. First wave drawn by the California Gold Rush of 1849, and laying of transcontinental railroads


    1840-1900 300,000 Chinese come to U.S.

    Chinese Exclusion Act 1882
    Chinese Immigration
  6. Employers liked immigrant labor

    Immigrants would work for less money

    Would do menial and dirty jobs Americans did not want

    Were more docile than old-stock Americans
    Immigration 1865-1900
  7. Industrialization and immigration cause cities to grow rapidly

    Native-born Americans migrated from country to city

    Immigrants crowd into industrial cities of Northeast and Midwest

    Immigrants become crowded into ghettoes
  8. Overcrowding, slums

    Crime, juvenile delinquency

    Gradual improvements—paved streets, street lights, sewer systems, public transportation
    Problems Caused by Rapid Urbanization
  9. Functioned as unofficial governments that traded jobs and services to immigrants for votes

    Boss Tweed
    Emergence of the City “Machines”
Card Set
Immigration 1865-1900 AMH2020
Immigration 1865-1900 AMH2020