History of MRI

  1. Where was magnetite first discovered?
  2. Who coined the word electricity?
    William Gilbert
  3. Who first realized Earth was  giant magnet?
    William Gilbert
  4. Who developed a mathematical equation to analyze the heat transfer between solid bodies?
    Jospeh Fourier
  5. Who showed that an electric current could produce a magnetic field?
  6. Who discovered electromagnetic induction with magnet and copper wire?
    Michael Faraday
  7. Who created equations to describe how electric and magnetic fields are generated and altered by each other and by charges and currents
    James Clerk Maxwell
  8. Who first discovered the first rotating magnetic field?
    Nikola Tesla
  9. Who developed an equation showing precession of nuclear spins being proportional to magnetic field strength?
    Sir Joseph Larmor
  10. Who detected and measured single states of rotation of atoms and molecules, determining the magnetic moments of the nuclei?
    Isidor Isaac Rabi
  11. Who stated and realized that a nucleus behaves like a magnet, a charged particle spinning around its own axis has a magnetic field (magnetic momentum)?
    Felix Bloch
  12. Who discovered the spin echo phenomenon for nuclear magnetic resonance measurements?
    Erwin Hahn
  13. Who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1952 for their invention of equipment which could measure the magnetic resonance in solids and fluids?
    Felix Bloch and Edward Purcell
  14. Who discovered that malignant tissue had different NMR parameters than normal tissue? When?
    Raymond Damadian 1960's
  15. When was the first super conducting NMR scanner constructed? What was it called?
    • 1977
    • The Indomitable
  16. When was the first image of the human body produced? by who?
    1977 Damadian
  17. Who described Zeugmatography and created the first MRI?
    Paul Lauterbur
  18. Who scanned the first human image? When? Of what?
    • Sir Mansfield
    • 1976
    • Finger scan
  19. Who introduced 2D NMR using phase and frequency encoding?
    Richard Ernst
  20. When was the first commercial MRI scanner manufactured? By what company?
    • 1980
    • FONAR corporation
  21. Who introduced RARE imaging?
    U of Freiburg
  22. Who created the first contrast agent?
  23. What was the name of the first contrast approved by the FDA? What year?
    • Magnevist IV Gadolinium¬†
    • 1988
  24. When was the functional MRI first developed?
Card Set
History of MRI
History of MRI