480 Lecture 2

  1. Archbishop Ussher
    stated that the creation of the world was on October 23 4004 BC
  2. Enlightenment Period
    • known as the age of rationality
    • AD 1650 - 1800
    • Done by Rich Aristocrats
    • Up until this point all explanations revolved around christianity
    • people began to question biblical interpretations
    • notions that humans could be studied scientifically and are progressive
  3. 19th Century
    • colonial period
    • Europeans began colonizing diff. parts of the world
    • they questioned and wondered about cultural diversity and antiquity of humans and animals
  4. Charles Lyell
    • Geologist 
    • Published, Principles of Geology (1833)
    • His work influenced Darwin who had a copy of Lyell's book before he left on the Beagle
    • came up with concept of Uniformitarianism
    • 1. change is gradual
    • 2. present is the key to the past
    • 3. Earth was really old
  5. Uniformitarianism
    • concept that the formation of the earth took place through countless small changes occurring over vast periods of time
    • Grand Canyon is an example of the earth's natural laws at work over time.
  6. Thomas Robert Malthus
    • published, An Essay of the principles of population (1798)
    • influential to Darwin who read his work in 1838
    • 1. reproductive potential of animals and plants is unlimited, which means that not everyone is going to survive
    • 2. population size is kept stable
    • 3. Constant competition
    • carrying capacity affects the population size depending on the sustainability of the environment, but with human advancement and technology we can always manipulate the carrying capacity
  7. Charles Darwin & Alfred Russel Wallace
    • Both given credit for the theory of natural selection
    • 1856 Darwin heard from Wallace and how his theory was similar and so both their work was read at the same time
    • Darwin published origin of species (1859)
    • important concepts:
    • 1. Species were actually linked evolutionary
    • 2. reproductive potential is unlimited
    • 3. Constant competition
    • 4. Populations vary
    • 5. Some individuals in population are more adapted
    • 6. the ones that are best adapted will pass on their genes, therefore the popultion will change overtime because of those species whos offspring that were better adapted
    • species change were gradual
    • this challenged the idea of "godliness of man" and that human morality is a product of bioevolution
  8. Thomas Huxley
    • called Darwin's bulldog
    • he was an anti-christian
    • publicly defended Darwin, but did not always agree with him
    • believed that evolution proceeded in small leaps or punctuated equilibrium
    • Huxley and Darwin advocated that evolution was random and NOT progressive
  9. Why was darwin given the most credit than wallace?
    darwin had the most empirical data
Card Set
480 Lecture 2
lecture 2