Medical Terminology Chapter 3

  1. ankyl/o
    crooked, bent, stiff
  2. arthr/o
  3. chondr/i, chondr/o
  4. cost/o
  5. crani/o
  6. -desis
    to bind, tie together
  7. kyph/o
    bent, hump
  8. lord/o
    curve, swayback, bent
  9. -lysis
    loosening of setting free
  10. myel/o
    spinal cord, bone marrow
  11. oss/e, oss/i, ost/o, oste/o
  12. scoli/o
    curved, bent
  13. spondyl/o
    vertebrae, vertebral column, backbone
  14. synovi/o, synov/o
    synovial membrane, synovial fluid
  15. -um
    singular noun ending
  16. acetabulum
    The large circular cavity in each side of the pelvis that articulates with the head of the femur to form the hip joint; commonly known as the hip socket.
  17. allogenic
    Originating within another
  18. ankylosing spondylitis
    A form of rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation of the joints  between the vertebrae.
  19. arthrodesis
    The surgical fusion of two bones to stiffen a join, such as an ankle, elbow, or shoulder.
  20. arthrolysis
    The surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint.
  21. arthroscopy
    The visual examination of the internal structure of a joint.
  22. autologous
    Originating within the individual
  23. chondroma
    A slow-growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells.
  24. chondromalacia
    The abnormal softening of the cartilage.
  25. comminuted fracture
    A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed.
  26. compression fracture
    Occurs when the bone is pressed together on itself.
  27. costochondritis
    An inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum.
  28. craniostenosis
    A malformation of the skull due to the premature closure of the cranial sutures.
  29. crepitation
    The crackling sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together.
  30. dual x-ray absorptiometry
    A low-exposure radiographic measurement of the spine and hips that measures bone density.
  31. fibrous dysplasia
    A bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous (scarlike) tissue.
  32. hallux valgus
    An abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe; also known as a bunion.
  33. hemarthrosis
    Blood within a joint
  34. hemopoietic
    Pertaining to the formation of blood cells
  35. internal fixation
    A fracture treatment in which pins or a plate is placed directly into the bone to hold the broken pieces in place.
  36. juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
    An autoimmune disorder that affects children of 16 years of age or younger with symptoms that include stiffness, pain, joint swelling, skin rash, fever, slowed growth, and fatigue.
  37. kyphosis
    An abnormal increase in the outward curvature from the thoracic spine as viewed from the side; also known as humpback or dowager's hump.
  38. laminectomy
    The surgical removal of a lamina from a vertebra.
  39. lordosis
    An abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine; also known as swayback
  40. lumbago
    Pain in the lumbar region of the spine; also known as low back pain.
  41. malleolus
    The rounded bony protuberance on the tibia and fibula on the sides of each ankle joint.
  42. manubrium
    The bony structure that forms the upper portion of the sternum.
  43. metacarpals
    The five bones that form the palms of the hand.
  44. metatarsals
    The bones that form the part of the foot to which the toes are attached.
  45. myeloma
    A type of cancer that occurs in blood-making cells found in the red bone marrow.
  46. open fracture
    A break in which the bone is broken and there is an open wound in the skin; also known as a compound fracture.
  47. orthopedic surgeon
    A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles; also known as an orthopedist.
  48. orthotic
    A mechanical appliance such as a leg brace or splint that is specially designed to control, correct, or compensate for impaired limb function.
  49. osteitis
    Inflammation of bone; also spelled "ostitis."
  50. osteoarthritis
    The type of arthritis characterized by the wearing away of the articular cartilage within the joints and most commonly associated with aging; also known as wear-and-tear arthritis.
  51. osteochondroma
    A benign bony projection covered with cartilage.
  52. osteoclasis
    The surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity.
  53. osteomalacia
    Abnormal softening of bones in adults.
  54. osteomyelitis
    Inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone.
  55. osteonecrosis
    The death of bone tissue resulting from insufficient blood supply to an area of bone.
  56. osteopenia
    Thinner-than-average bone density.
  57. osteoporosis
    A marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity frequently associated with aging.
  58. osteoporotic hip fracture
    A broken bone usually caused by weakening of the bones due to osteoporosis and can occur either spontaneously or as the result of a fall.
  59. osteorrhaphy
    Surgical suturing or wiring together of the bones
  60. Paget's disease
    A disease of unknown origin that is characterized by extensive breakdown of bone tissue followed by abnormal bone formation.
  61. pathologic fracture
    When a bone breaks under normal strain because the bone has been weakened by osteoporosis or by a disease process such as cancer.
  62. percutaneous vertebroplasty
    A minimally invasive procedure performed to treat osteoporosis-related compression fractures of the spine.
  63. periostitis
    An inflammation of the periosteum
  64. podiatrist
    A specialist in diagnosing and treating disorders of the foot.
  65. prosthesis
    A substitute for a diseased or missing body part, such as a leg that has been amputated.
  66. rheumatoid arthritis
    A chronic autoimmune disorder in which the joints and some organs of other body systems are attacked.
  67. rickets
    A deficiency disease occurring in children characterized by defective bone growth and caused by a lack of vitamin D.
  68. scoliosis
    An abnormal lateral curvature of the spine.
  69. spina bifida
    A congenital defect that occurs during early pregnancy in which the spinal canal fails to close completely around the spinal cord to protect it.
  70. spiral fracture
    A fracture in which the bone has been twisted apart.
  71. spondylolisthesis
    The slipping forward of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum below it.
  72. spondylosis
    A degenerative disorder that can cause the loss of normal spinal structure and function; also known as spinal osteoarthritis.
  73. subluxation
    The partial displacement of a bone from its joint.
  74. synovectomy
    The surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint.
  75. vertebrae
    The bony structural units of the spinal column.
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Medical Terminology Chapter 3
ivy tech medical terminology chapter 3