ASP Whitney

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  1. A procedure for identifying potential failure modes in a system and classifying them according to their severity values. This method is usually carried out progressively in two parts. The first part identifies failure modes and their effects. The second part ranks failure modes according to the combination of severity and the probability of that failure mode occuring.
  2. An analysis to verify system compliance with safety requirements contained in a system specs, and other applicable documents. Recognize previously unidentified hazards associated with the subsystem interfaces with system functional faults asses the risk associated with teh subsystem interfaces recommed action necessary to eliminate identifed hazards or control their associated risk to acceptable levels.
    System hazard analysis
  3. the initial effect in hazard analysis during the design phase with the purpose of recognizing the state of safety with all of the accopanying system implications. It focuses on system-level hazards that may be produced by the overall system. Its main objective is to identify system hazards as early as it practical and either eliminate or control them to acceptable levels.
    Preliminary Hazard Analysis (PHA)
  4. A broadly based hazard assessment technique that combines the creative thinking of a selected team of specialists with the methodical focus of prepared checklist. The result is a comprehensive hazard analysis that is extremely useful in training operation personnel on the hazards of the particular operation.
    What if checklist
  5. The analysis technique where individuals are interviewed about accidents and near misses involving fellow workers and about harmonious conditions that could result in accidents.
    Critical Incident Techniques (CTC)
  6. Optimum degree of safety within the application of system safety manangement and engineering principles through all phases (concept design, definintion, development, production, deployment) of a system's life cycle.
    System Safety
  7. In a form of task analysis which breaks an operation down into activities and identifies the hazards associated with each activity (how to do the job safely/correctly and can be used to identify required PPE.
  8. A failure of a component which results in the failure of the entire system.
    Single pt failure
  9. The inductive system analysis tecnique which identifes the manner in which failures occur and investigates their impact upon one another as well as other parts of the system
    Failure Mode and Effect Analysis FEMA
  10. Preliminary identification of risk assessment team members. It is inteneded to be a cross-functional team effort and relies on specialists from various discilines with appropriate skills and experience who display intuition and good judgment and have a broad and current knowledge of system deviations. HAZOP
  11. Identifing and locating supporting data and information. Includes define scope, select team, plan the study, collect data, agree style of recording, estimate time, arrange schedule.
  12. Select a part and define design intent. Identify deviation by using guide words on each element, consequences and causes, whether a significant problem exist, protection, detection and indicating mechanism, possible remedial/mitigating measures. Agree action then repeat for each element and then each part.
  13. Record the examination, sign off the docs, produce the report of the study, follow up that action are implemented, re study any parts of system if necessary and produce final output report.
    Documentation and follow up
  14. The deducgtive system safety technique that starts with an undesired even and analyzes the way the undesired even can occur is know as
    fault tree analysis
  15. Circuit breaker
    Fail safe - passive
  16. Emergency lights or alarms
    fail safe - active
  17. Valve on a boiler
    fail safe - operational
  18. Types of redundant systems are
    series redundant, single/double parallel, and standby
  19. typical failure rates for products plotted over time
    bathtub curve
  20. sets of events and probabilities that exist
    venn diagrams
  21. placing losses divided by premium
    worker comp
  22. Goals should be straight forward and emphasize what you want to happen
  23. Establish concrete criteria for evaluating progress towards the attainment of each goal.
  24. A goal needs to stretch you slightly so you feel you can do it and it will need a real commitment
  25. The skills needed to do the work are available
  26. A driver safey program should include the follow 5 things plus
    implementing a program of driver selection, training, and supervision.
  27. One function of the safety engineer is ensuring safe design the best is accomplished by
    reviewing design with the engineers from initial planning through completion of construction.
  28. OHSAS 18001 and accompanying OHSAS 18002 guildlines for the implementation of OHSAS 18001 were developed to provide a recognizeable occuational health and safety management system standard against which their management system can be assessed and verified. It was developed to be compatible with
    ISO 9000:2008 Quality and ISO 14001:2004
  29. The advantages of an effective OHSAS management system include:
    Provides a structured approach for managing OHS
    Establishes and maintains a commitment to occupational health and safety
    Deomonstartes strong commitment to safety excellence
    Organizational structures in place with clear roles and responsibilities
    Existence of a continuous improvement culture
    Strong levels of trust and communication
    Reduction in incident levels with increased measure of performance
    Contributes to business performance by reducing cost and liabilities
  30. OHSAS 18001 is based on: Hazard identification, Risk assessment, and
    Determination of applicable controls - Measures relevant to plan
  31. The first clause of OHSAS 18001 standard requires that a company
    Establish, document, implement, and continually improve their occupational health and safety management system and demonstrate that they meet all the requirements of the standard.
  32. The implemetation and operation section of OHSAS 18001 indicates the ultimate responsibility for OH&S and OHSMS rest with
    top management
  33. Which of the following is not doc requirement of OHSAS 18001
    All OHSAS 18001 required activities need to be docu in procedures so that system requirements can be verified. (151)
  34. When do you have to review the OHSMS?
    at planned intervals
  35. Conditions and factors that affect, or could affect, the health and safety of employees or other workers, visitors, or any other person in the workplace.
    OHSAS 180001 defines Occupational Health and Safety
  36. Combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposures and the severity of injury or ill health can be caused by the event or exposure (154)
  37. Need to be followed to implement an environmental management system based on the ISO standards
    • 1. Environemental Policy
    • 2. Planning
    • 3. Implementation and oepration
    • 4.Checking and corrective actions
  38. The common component to join the remaining elements
  39. Hazard identification and risk assessment rquirements
    • Develop methodology
    • Identification of hazards
    • Risk assessment
    • Determination of Controls
    • Implementation of controls
  40. ISO 14001 addresses the establishment of an EMS. It includes responsibilites, authories, relationships, functions, processes, practices, procedures and
  41. provides a framework for a holistic, strategic approach to the organizations environemental policy plans and actions
    ISO 14001
  42. requires the organizations itself to audit it quality system to verify it is managing its processes effectively.
    ISO 9001:2008
  43. Is OSHMS more advanced then EMS and ISO 14001
  44. to use recognized managment system principles, compativble with quality and environemental management system standards such as the ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 series
    ANSI Z10
  45. to provide guidelines for the certification of safety and health organizations
    OHSA 18001
  46. 171 172
  47. Good reason to deny workers comp
    they intentional hurt themselves
  48. 4 steps of conducting a training needs assessment is
    • Gap analysis
    • Identify priorites and importance
    • Identify causes of performance problems
  49. Room with too much light
    have the employees sit further from the screen
  50. Not a need for adult learners
    sessions less than 4 hours
  51. Adults learn best when they have opportunity to adjust the training schedule to their personal schedule
  52. ADult learners appreicate abstract info and theory discussion before learning a task
    not a correct stament
  53. Advantage of on the job training
    its productive as the employee is still working as they are learning.
  54. On the job training, group methods, and individual methods.
    training techniques
  55. Four steps of a JIT:
    • PRepare worker
    • present a demo
    • observe the worker
    • and check
  56. Adults find it easier to read cap text then lower and upper case
  57. Most effective training with
    Direct supervisor
  58. Duty to warn its consumers of a hazard
    ANSI Z535.4
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ASP Whitney
ASP studying
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