new vocab 9

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  1. mandate
    A mandate is like an official command or a go-ahead. When a politician wins an election by a lot, that's a mandate for their ideas.
  2. martial
    of or appropriate to war; warlike
  3. ravish
    • seize and carry off (someone) by force.
    • her child was ravished from her breast
    • seize, snatch, carry off/away, steal, abduct
  4. rustic
    of or relating to the countryside, rural life
  5. relinquish
    • If you relinquish something, you let it go
    • he relinquished his managerial role to become chief executive
    • renounce, give up/away
  6. weep
  7. monolithic
    formed of a single large block of stone
  8. nepotism
    favoritism, discrimination
  9. edify
    to help someone understand; uplift
  10. matriculate
    enroll as a student
  11. axiom
    • a saying that is widely accepted as a true.
    • Mathematicians use axiom to refer to established proofs.
  12. myopia
    Myopia is nearsightedness, which means you see things more clearly that are closer to your eye.
  13. absolve
    • set or declare (someone) free from blame, guilt, or responsibility.
    • the pardon absolved them of any crimes
    • exonerate, discharge, acquit, vindicate
  14. treason
    • a crime that undermines the offender's government
    • treachery, disloyalty, betrayal
  15. sedition
    Sedition is the illegal act of inciting people to resist or rebel against the government in power. It's what the southern states did at the start of the Civil War.
  16. dabbler
    • an amateur who engages in an activity without serious 
    • dilettante, amateur
  17. vernacular
    the everyday speech of the people; dialect
  18. infinitesimal
    • infinitely or immeasurably small; 
    • minute, small
  19. fawning
    displaying exaggerated flattery or affection; obsequious.
  20. discrete
    Discrete means separate or divided.
  21. nominal
    • 1. existing in name only
    • 2. insignificantly small
  22. gem
    a precious or semiprecious stone; jewel
  23. tiring
    • 1. lose interest in; become bored with
    • 2. exhausting, wearing
  24. internecine
    destructive to both sides in a conflict.
  25. nil
    Use the word nil to mean "zero," especially when you're talking about scores in a sporting event: "the final score was twelve-nil."
  26. innate
    congenital, inborn
  27. breadth
    • the extent of something from side to side
    • width
  28. gnaw
    • bite or chew on with the teeth
    • gnaw an old cracker
  29. hail
    pellets of frozen rain that fall from the sky
  30. scavenge
    • search for and collect (anything usable) from discarded waste
    •  If you're looking for a replacement part for a vintage car, you might scavenge at the dump for a suitable part.
  31. nexus
    A nexus is a central link or connection.
  32. whammy
    • 1. an event with a powerful and unpleasant effect; a blow.
    • the third whammy was the degradation of the financial system
    • 2. an evil or unlucky influence.
  33. endow
    • give qualities or abilities to
    • he endowed the church with lands
  34. sublimate
    • When you're at a lecture and you feel restless, you've got to sublimate the desire to move around. That means you force the desire to be more subtle so you can continue listening — even if you don't want to.
    •  control, divert, transfer, redirect, convert
  35. necrosis
    • the localized death of living cells
    • gangrene
  36. macadamize
    • настилам с чакъл
    • macadamized roads
  37. languor
    • inactivity; showing an unusual lack of energy
    • flatness, lethargy
    • lassitude, listlessness, apathy
  38. knavery
    • lack of honesty; acts of lying or cheating or stealing
    • dishonesty
  39. daunt
    cause to lose courage
  40. contrive
    • make or work out a plan for; devise
    • They contrived to murder their boss
    • design, plan, project, plot
  41. covenant
    Covenant is an agreement between two people, or companies, or even countries. It is formal, solemn, sometimes even sacred.
  42. lust
    Lust is a strong craving for sex. It also can mean a hunger for anything, like lust for power.
  43. ruthless
    without mercy or pity
  44. ruth
    a feeling of sympathy and sorrow for the misfortunes of others
  45. crabby
    If you're in a really bad or irritable mood, you can say you're crabby. Loud talking and laughing during a movie might make you crabby.
  46. apprenticeship
    • someone who works for an expert to learn a trade 
    • internship
  47. vanguard
    • If you are in the vanguard, you're up front. It could be that you are in the vanguard of an advancing army, or in the vanguard of any movement, trend, or occupation.
    • forefront
  48. egalitarian
    An egalitarian is a person who believes in the equality of all people, and an egalitarian society gives everyone equal rights.
  49. glut
    • A glut is too much of something
    • surplus, excess, surfeit, superfluity
  50. touchstone
    a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated
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new vocab 9
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