1957-1968 Events

  1. Berlin crisis causes
    People were leaving east germany meaning they were losing skilled workers and communism looked bad to rest of the world as people didn't want to stay under it.
  2. Ultimatum
    Khruschev wanted western troops out of Berlin within 6 months or else (meant it wouldn't be easy for East Germans to leave)
  3. Geneva Summit
    Nothing decided except for another meeting
  4. Camp David
    Ultimatum withdrawn, no solution
  5. Paris summit
    Khruschev walked out because an American Spy plane had been shot down over USSR and there was no apology.
  6. Vienna summit
    Kennedy was president so Khruschev thought he could push him around. Neither side backed down so the ultimatum was reinstated with threat of war.
  7. Berlin Wall
    Solution as stopped East Germans being able to cross to West in Berlin. Prevented War
  8. Berlin Wall consequences
    Prevented War, solved the division, helped Kennedy seem better to West, people started escapes from east to get back to family
  9. Arms race
    USA had 20 x more bombs, B52 bombers and an early lead. USSR couldn't hit them and weren't wealthy enough to make more
  10. Cuba's position
    Right next to USA so misslies there could hit anywhere in The US
  11. Fidel castro
    Leader of Cuba. Turned it communist, confiscted American Property and Company and abolished anyone loyal to capitalism
  12. Americas response
    They threatened to bankrupt Cuba so Cuba turned to USSr for help.
  13. Invasion Plan
    CIA's idea. Cubans that were banished would take back Cuba with no Americans hurt
  14. Bay of Pigs
    The invasion. Failed because Cubans knew about it already and were waiting. Cuba asked USSR for protection so They got missiles and nukes.
  15. Cuban missile crisis- the start
    Kennedy discovers sites of missiles of imposes a naval blockade but Khruschev doesn't back down and both sides prepare for war
  16. Cuban missile crisis- end
    USSR say they will remove missiles if USA don't invade Cuba and withdraw missiles from Turkey. America agree as long as their missile removal is kept secret.
  17. Cuban missile crisis consequences
    Khruschev looks bad, wars avoided, hotline imposed, Cuban independence, test ban treaty
  18. Hotline
    A direct telephone between Russia and America so superpowers could stay in touch and talk more things over.
  19. Czechoslovakia- problems
    Declining living standards, political murders and repression, secret police
  20. Dubcek
    Brezhnev chose him to lead because he was a good friend.
  21. Prague spring
    Dubcek tried to create popular communism. He removed repression, allowed for greater freedom including relaxed press censorship, legalised political opposition, introduced democracy and reformed the econony
  22. Brezhnev doctrine
    Gave Brezhnev the right to invade any country pulling away from communism
  23. Czech invasion
    Used Brezhnev doctrine to stop the Prague spring and arrest Dubcek forcing him to sigh the Moscow protocol.
  24. Consequences of Czech invasion
    America were in Vietnam but condemned invasion. Rival forms of communism were created. Authority and support of soviets was lost.
Card Set
1957-1968 Events
History Coldwar