vocab 26

The flashcards below were created by user Teodor on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. pejorative
    • expressing contempt or disapproval
    • derogatory, deprecatory
  2. puerile
    childish, immature, infantile
  3. sporadic
    • Sporadic is an adjective that you can use to refer to something that happens or appears often, but not constantly or regularly. The mailman comes every day but the plumber visits are sporadic–he comes as needed.
    • not continuous; intermittent
  4. verbose
    talkative; long-winded; rambling
  5. divert
    To divert means to shift or turn from one thing to another. A magician might attempt to divert your attention as he shoves the rabbit into the hat.
  6. fractious
    irritable; difficult to control
  7. pellucid
    • A sentence that teaches a new vocabulary word should always be pellucid, that is, its style and meaning should be easily understandable so that you can derive the definition from the sentence.
    • transparently clear
  8. punctilious
    paying attention to small details
  9. cogitate
    think over something; ponder
  10. docile
    • If someone is docile, he is easily taught or handled. If you suddenly became a trouble-maker in class, your teachers would long for the days when you were sweet and docile.
    • gentle and easily lead
  11. fraudulent
    Something fraudulent is intentionally false and meant to harm or deceive. That email message from the Sultan of Brunei offering you millions of dollars just might be fraudulent.
  12. insentient
  13. purloin
    You can use the verb purloin to mean "steal" or "take," especially if it's done in a sneaky way. If you sneak a dollar out of your mom's purse, you purloin it.
  14. mire
    swamp; muddy ground
  15. penury
    Penury means extreme poverty to the point of homelessness and begging in the streets. Economic downturns, job loss, shopping sprees, and weekends at the high rollers' table in Vegas can lead to penury.
  16. staid
    • Something that is staid is dignified, respectable — possibly even boring, like a staid dinner party that is heavy on the important guests but light on the laughs.
    • dull; sober; serious
  17. vestigial
    not developed
  18. asylum
    • place of refuge or safety
    • Any mom taking care of the kids day in and day out is probably more than ready to seek asylum, or refuge, at a local spa.
  19. collate
    Although the verb collate specifically means to put pages in a correct order, the word can be used more generally to mean to put anything into the proper sequence.
  20. dolt
    • stupid person
    • Dolt refers a person who isn't very smart. You might be called a dolt if you do something dumb, like stand outside your car complaining that you locked your keys inside — even though the window is wide open.
  21. instigate
    • bring about or initiate (an action or event).
    • to start; provoke
  22. perceptive
    If someone calls you perceptive, they mean you are good at understanding things or figuring things out. Perceptive people are insightful, intelligent, and able to see what others cannot.
  23. stanza
    section of a poem
  24. vignette
    • A vignette is a brief but powerful scene. A good vignette leaves you wanting more.
    • small sketch
  25. dotard
    foolish old man; senile
  26. instigator
    troublemaker; person who entices others to do something
  27. percipient
    perceptive; insightful
  28. staunch
    loyal; faithful; dependable; steadfast
  29. collusion
    • plotting and planning
    • If you are making secret agreements with someone, then you are in collusion with them. Every time gas prices jump, consumers suspect the gas station owners of collusion and price fixing.
  30. drawl
    speak in a slow, lazy way with prolonged vowel sounds.
  31. misogynist
    hater of women
  32. perdition
    • (in Christian theology) a state of eternal punishment and damnation into which a sinful and impenitent person passes after death.
    • damnation
  33. quagmire
    • A quagmire is a dangerous place, like the muddy shoreline of a pond. The more you try to climb out of a quagmire, the more you seem to slip. That's because as you step on the mud, it oozes everywhere.
    • marsh, bog
  34. attenuate
    Attenuate is a verb that means to make or become weaker. The effects of aging may be attenuated by exercise
  35. commandeer
    • What is that person doing, interrupting everyone and changing the subject every minute? He is trying to commandeer, or take control, of the conversation.
    • take possession of
  36. drivel
    • Drivel is useless, boring information. If you drivel, you talk stupidly or actually drool. 
    • nonsense
  37. futile
    useless; hopeless
  38. interminable
  39. peremptory
    Peremptory comments are like orders. If you say something in a peremptory manner, you want people to stop what they’re doing and do what you say. Peremptory comments put an end to a discussion, and that’s final!
  40. quaint
    attractively unusual or old-fashioned; picturesque
  41. stevedore
    You can call a dock worker who loads cargo onto boats a stevedore.
  42. augment
    Do you need to make something bigger, better, or stronger? Then you need to augment it. To augment is to increase the amount or strength of something.
  43. droll
    • curious or unusual in a way that provokes dry amusement
    • funny, humorous, amusing, comic
  44. galleon
    ancient type of sailing ship
  45. perfidy
    • If you shared your most embarrassing secrets with a friend who then told them to everyone he knows, his betrayal could be described as perfidy.
    • betrayal, treachery
  46. quandary
    dilemma; puzzle
  47. stifle
  48. auspicious
    • favorable; promising to turn out well
    • If you start a marathon by falling flat on your face, that's not an auspicious start.
  49. flagrant
    clearly wrong
  50. inexpedient
    not suitable or advisable
  51. sprawled
    When you sprawl, you spread out in an ungainly way, like when you're lying down comfortably on the sofa with your legs and arms flung out around you.
  52. fling
    throw or hurl forcefully.
  53. hurl
    When you hurl something, you throw it hard. You might hurl your shoe at a horrible bug if it suddenly scuttled across the floor; fling
  54. beatify
    To make supremely happy.
  55. bedaub
    To smear over, as with something oily or sticky.
  56. berate
    To scold severely.
  57. bewilder
    To bewilder is to amaze, baffle, dumbfound, flummox, perplex, or stupefy. When you bewilder people, you confuse them.
  58. blandishment
    • a flattering or pleasing statement or action used to persuade someone gently to do something.
    • cajolery
  59. boisterous
    noisy, energetic, and cheerful; rowdy.
  60. breach
    A breach is a violation of a law, duty, or promise. If you'd contracted to mow your neighbor's lawn and don't do it, he can sue you for breach of contract. Or he can mow the lawn himself.
  61. bumptious
    Someone bumptious is cocky, aggressive, and loud. Bumptious people jump ahead of everyone in line at the ice cream truck and steal subway seats from pregnant women.
  62. cabal
    • A number of persons secretly united for effecting by intrigue some
    • private purpose
  63. calumny
  64. cant
    To talk in a singsong, preaching tone with affected solemnity
  65. captious
    • (of a person) tending to find fault or raise petty objections.
    • Try not to be described as a captious person yourself, however. No one likes a carping individual!
  66. infantry
    • an army unit consisting of soldiers who fight on
    • foot
  67. chagrin
    Chagrin is a noun that represents an emotion or feeling and it's an uncomfortable one. If you feel chagrin it means that you are embarrassed or distressed as a result of a failure.
  68. vexation
    the state of being annoyed, frustrated, or worried
  69. chary
    Careful; wary; cautious.
  70. coeval
    When two things live or happen during the same period of time, they are coeval.
  71. cogitate
    Consider carefully and deeply; ponder.
  72. comestible
    Fit to be eaten
  73. commemorate
    To serve as a remembrance of a person or event
  74. complaisance
  75. complement
    • A complement is something that makes up a satisfying whole with something else. Those shiny red shoes you just bought complement your shiny red purse.
    • To make complete.
  76. comport
    Comport means to behave, and particularly to behave well. If you attend a school for social etiquette, you will learn how to comport yourself properly at the dinner table.
  77. compunction
    When you feel compunction you feel very, very sorry, usually for something you did to hurt someone or mess something up. When you feel no compunction, you're not at all sorry.
  78. conceit
    Self-flattering opinion
  79. concord
    agreement or harmony between people or groups.
  80. concur
    To concur is to agree or approve of something. If someone says something you agree with, you can say "I concur!"
  81. confluence
    The place where streams meet.
  82. conjoin
    To unite
  83. consternation
    a sudden, alarming amazement or dread that results in utter confusion; dismay; panic
  84. vituperate
    To vituperate is to speak or write in an extremely negative way about someone.
  85. cornucopia
    A grocery store with a large selection of fruits and vegetables could be said to have a cornucopia of produce. A cornucopia is a lot of good stuff.
  86. corporeal
    Of a material nature; physical
  87. corroboration
    evidence that confirms or supports a statement, theory, or finding; confirmation.
  88. countervail
    To countervail is to oppose something successfully.
  89. cupidity
  90. cursory
    hasty and therefore not thorough or detailed
  91. curtail
    To cut off or cut short
  92. cynosure
    • a person or thing that is the center of attention or admiration.
    • the main attraction
  93. defer
    To delay or put off to some other time.
  94. deign
    To deem worthy of notice or account.
  95. deluge
    To overwhelm with a flood of water.
  96. demagogue
    a political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular desires and prejudices rather than by using rational argument.
  97. denizen
    an inhabitant or occupant of a particular place
  98. denouement
    • That part of a play or story in which the
    • mystery is cleared up.
  99. deposition
    • Testimony legally taken on interrogatories
    • and reduced to writing, for use as evidence in court.
  100. derision
    If people are laughing at you, making fun of you, and acting as if you're worthless, they're treating you with derision. Derision is mean and attacking — it's a form of contempt.
Card Set
vocab 26
Show Answers