vocab 25

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  1. gregarious
    • extroverted; sociable; outgoing
    • If you know someone who's outgoing, sociable, and fond of the company of others, you might want to call her gregarious.
  2. jaundiced
    • cynical; pessimistic
    • affected by bitterness, resentment, or envy
    • unnaturally yellow in complexion.
  3. nettle
    • annoy, bother, irritate, or bedevil.
    • I was nettled by Alene's tone of superiority
  4. superlative
    A superlative is the highest attainable level or degree of something. As an adjective superlative means highest in quality.
  5. whet
    To whet is to sharpen. You could whet a knife's blade with a whetting stone, or you could whet your appetite by having some Doritos.
  6. belligerent
    If someone is belligerent, they're eager to fight. It's a good idea to avoid hardcore hockey fans after their team loses — they tend to be belligerent.
  7. emaciated
    • abnormally thin or weak, especially because of illness or a lack of food.
    • she was so emaciated she could hardly stand
  8. niggardly
    • While this looks like a certain racial slur, it's really just a way of saying meager, stingy or ungenerous. If you get a niggardly share of cake, it means someone gave you a very small piece.
    • miserly; stingy
  9. philanthropy
    • If you donate money to a charity or volunteer to help people in need, you can call your good deeds philanthropy.
    • charity; love of mankind
  10. red tape
    • excessive bureaucracy or adherence to rules and formalities, especially in public business.
    • this law will just create more red tape
  11. bemoan
    • complain about
    • single women bemoaning the absence of men
  12. emancipate
    If you emancipate someone, you set them free from something. At the end of the Civil War, slaves were emancipated and became free men and women.
  13. guffaw
    sudden loud laughter
  14. philistine
    A philistine is a person who doesn’t think a lot and isn't interested in learning. Your uncle Marvin, who's only interested in eating, sleeping, and watching game shows, could be considered a philistine.
  15. redolent
    smelling of; giving off odors
  16. benevolent
    Choose the adjective benevolent for someone who does good deeds or shows goodwill. If your teacher collects homework with a benevolent smile, she's hoping that you've done a good job.
  17. contrition
    • sorrow and repentance
    • In the truest sense, contrition is feeling sorry for committing a religious sin and being scared about the consequences. But anyone can feel general contrition for something they've done wrong.
  18. embezzle
    • When a person embezzles, it usually means that he is stealing money from his employer. If he is caught embezzling, it probably also means that he will soon be unemployed.
    • defraud; steal
  19. jingoistic
    • If your car sports a bumper sticker that reads, "my country, right or wrong," you might be accused of being jingoistic, or of taking your love for your country way too far
    • extremely patriotic; nationalistic
  20. redress
    put right something that was wrong, fix a problem and make amends.
  21. wily
  22. contumacious
    • stubbornly or willfully disobedient to authority.
    • Rebellious
  23. embroil
    • involve (someone) deeply in an argument, conflict, or difficult situation
    • she became embroiled in a dispute between two women she hardly knew
  24. guileless
    If you are guileless, you are not a liar; frank; straightforward; honest
  25. jocular
    in a joking manner
  26. pillage
    rob (a place) using violence, especially in wartime; plunder
  27. superfluous
    When something is so unnecessary that it could easily be done away with, like a fifth wheel on a car or a fifth person on a double date, call it superfluous.
  28. wispy
    flimsy; frail; delicate
  29. benignity
    compassion; gentleness; fondness
  30. contusion
    Contusion is really just a fancy word for a bad bruise
  31. emerge
    come out; appear
  32. jollity
    Use the noun jollity to describe having fun and being in an extremely good mood, like the jollity you feel when you win the big prize from the lottery
  33. nonentity
    The noun nonentity refers to a person of no significance or importance. If you are a member of a sports team, but spend all your time sitting on the bench watching the rest of the team play, you will probably feel like a nonentity.
  34. pinnacle
    topmost point
  35. wistful
    melancholy; pensive; expressing a longing for something
  36. conundrum
    The tricky word conundrum is used to describe a riddle or puzzle, sometimes including a play on words or pun.
  37. bequeath
    leave something in one's will to be given after one's death
  38. pious
    very religious
  39. refute
    • The verb refute is to prove that something is wrong. When the kids you're babysitting swear they brushed their teeth, you can refute their claim by presenting the dry toothbrushes.
    • disprove
  40. sybarite
    If you know someone who's totally addicted to luxurious things and all of life's pleasures, call them a sybarite. Unless she's inviting you over for champagne brunches and showering you with gifts — in which case you should keep your mouth shut.
  41. vivify
    To endue with life.
  42. conventional
    • Conventional is an adjective for things that are normal, ordinary, and following the accepted way.
    • usual; customary; common
  43. endorse
    To endorse is to give support to someone or something. "I endorse this!" means "I think this is a good thing, and so should you."
  44. notoriety
    Notoriety is fame you get from doing something bad or being part of a misfortune or scandal.
  45. pivotal
    • High school graduation is a pivotal moment in most people's lives — an important point that signifies a shift in direction.
    • of central importance
  46. regale
    entertain or amuse (someone) with talk.
  47. zeal
    Zeal is dedication or enthusiasm for something. If you have zeal, you're willing, energized, and motivated
  48. jurisprudence
    jurisprudence, the study and philosophy of law. You want to study jurisprudence? Get ready for law school, where you’ll find even longer, more troubling words.
  49. relegate
    Relegate means assign to a lower position. If the quarterback of the football team stops making decent throws he might be relegated to the position of benchwarmer, while another kid is given the chance to play.
  50. bestial
    • Bestial sounds like beast, and that is precisely what it means, beast-like. When a human acts like an animal, their behavior is called bestial.
    • brutal
  51. proscribe
    To proscribe something is to forbid or prohibit it, as a school principal might proscribe the use of cell phones in class.
  52. solace
    If something eases your disappointment or grief, consider it a solace. If you're sad, you might find solace in music or in talking to your friends.
  53. vapid
    dull; uninspiring
  54. arbitrary
    • based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system
    • his mealtimes were entirely arbitrary
  55. flamboyant
    • (of a person or their behavior) tending to attract attention because of their exuberance, confidence, and stylishness.
    • showy; ornate
  56. solicit
    to ask for; seek
  57. variegated
    Something variegated has many different colors, as in the trees of autumn or the feathers of a peacock(паун)
  58. arcane
    obscure; known only to a few people
  59. discursiveness
  60. flaunt
    show off; display in a showy manner
  61. infamous
    famous for something bad
  62. mellow
    When something becomes mellow, it gets softer or more relaxed. People are often said to mellow with age, meaning their aggressiveness, their sarcasm, and their short temper have given way to a more easygoing, genial manner.
  63. prostration
    • 1. lying face down
    • 2. be overcome with extreme weakness
  64. vehemence
    violence; fervor; forcefulness
  65. clandestine
    secret; covert; stealthy
  66. menagerie
    collection of live animals that people visit, study, or keep as pets.
  67. patronize
    If you patronize a business, you support it and shop there regularly. But if someone patronizes you, it's not so pleasant — they talk to you as if you were inferior or not very intelligent.
  68. protagonist
    A protagonist is the central character in a story: the protagonist of Huckleberry Finn is — guess who? — Huckleberry Finn.
  69. soothsayer
  70. vehement
    extremely strong, powerful, or intense emotion or force
  71. archetype
    An archetype is a perfect example of something.
  72. flout
    • openly disregard (a rule, law or convention).
    • these same companies still flout basic ethical practices
    • defy, disobey, reject
  73. ingénue
    naïve, unsophisticated person
  74. mendacious
    A mendacious person is one who tells lies habitually and intentionally.
  75. sophomoric
    juvenile; immature
  76. venal
    Someone with venal motives is corrupt and maybe a little evil. Nobody wants to be thought of as venal.
  77. bribe
    You pay a bribe to get someone to do something they wouldn't do otherwise. It's usually dishonest and often criminal.
  78. disparage
    If you haven't got anything nice to say, then it's time to disparage someone. It means to belittle,criticize or degrade a person or idea.
  79. flustered
    • To be flustered is to lose your cool. When you're flustered, you're embarrassed, agitated, or just confused.
    • worked-up; not calm
  80. ingrate
    an ungrateful person
  81. peccadillo
    minor weakness; trivial offence
  82. veneer
    You know how some furniture looks like solid oak or maple until it gets chipped and reveals itself to be nothing more than some cheap particle-board covered with a thin layer of fancy wood? That thin layer is called a veneer.
  83. fly-by-night
    unreliable; disreputable
  84. inimical
    • To be inimical is to be harmful, antagonistic, or opposed to — like smoking two packs a day is to healthy lungs.
    • hostile
  85. mercurial
    Mercurial describes someone whose mood or behavior is changeable and unpredictable, or someone who is clever, lively, and quick.
  86. pedant
    person who insists on strict adherence to rules or narrow learning
  87. sparse
    spare; bare; meager
  88. artifice
    deception; trickery
  89. forensic
    • of, relating to, or denoting the application of scientific methods and techniques to the investigation of crime.
    • forensic evidence
  90. pedestrian
    common; mundane; banal
  91. specious
    • superficially plausible, but actually wrong.
    • a specious argument
  92. venial
    • Some crimes are unforgivable. Others are venial — venial crimes and sins are excusable. They're not a big deal.
    • minor; unimportant
  93. artisan
  94. disseminate
    • spread or disperse (something, especially information) widely.
    • spread, circulate, distribute, disperse, promulgate
  95. fortitude
  96. innocuous
    harmless; inoffensive
  97. speckled
    spotted; freckled; dotted
  98. coercion
    Coercion is making something happen by force, like when bullies use coercion to make kids give them their lunch money.
  99. germinal
    • relating to or of the nature of a germ cell or embryo
    • just growing; not developed; immature
  100. irksome
    If your little brother keeps saying the same phrase over and over again, you might find it irksome — that is, annoying in a tiresome way.
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vocab 25
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