vocab 24

  1. mutinous
    very rebellious
  2. personable
  3. subpoena
    a writ ordering a person to attend a court.
  4. befuddle
    • make (someone) unable to think clearly.
    • confuse
  5. confound
    • cause surprise or confusion in (someone), especially by acting against their expectations.
    • confuse
  6. effigy
    a sculpture or model of a person
  7. gibbering
    • making meaningless noises
    • blabber, chatter, clack, gabble
  8. raucous
    Raucous means unpleasantly loud, or behaving in a noisy and disorderly way. It can be hard to give an oral report in the front of a classroom when the kids in the back are being raucous.
  9. waive
    • surrender; give up
    • To waive is to give up one's right to do something. If you waive your right to help name your family's new puppy, you can't complain if he ends up being called "Mr. Tinkerbell Sweetheart Lovey-Face."
  10. begrudge
    • resent
    • To begrudge someone for something is to wish them ill for it or to envy them. Try not to begrudge his getting the promotion over you — he's been at the company longer.
  11. congeal
    solidify or coagulate, especially by cooling.
  12. coagulate
    When liquid starts to thicken and become solid, it coagulates. When you get a cut, the blood flowing from the wound will coagulate: it will start to clot and form a solid scab so you will stop bleeding.
  13. effusive
    • gushing; demonstrative
    • expressing feelings of gratitude, pleasure, or approval in an unrestrained or heartfelt manner
  14. gushing
    (of speech or writing) effusive or exaggeratedly enthusiastic
  15. glacial
    hostile; unfriendly; cold; icy
  16. irrational
    • If you're a straight-A student and still you worry about failing all of your classes, you're being irrational. Your fears are not based on fact and not likely to come true.
    • unreasonable; absurd
  17. perspicacity
    • If you devote long hours to the arts of attention and analysis, you might develop the perspicacity required to become a really good detective.
    • insight, understanding,comprehension
  18. subterfuge
    • deceit used in order to achieve one's goal.
    • trickery, deviousness, deceit
  19. egalitarianism
    Egalitarianism is the belief that all people are created equal. Remember the Reverend Martin Luther King? He was a fervent believer in egalitarianism.
  20. fervent
    Use fervent to describe a person or thing that shows very strong feelings or enthusiasm. If you have a fervent desire to become an actress, you'll stop at nothing to realize your dream.
  21. goad
    • provoke or annoy (someone) so as to stimulate some action or reaction.
    • prod; urge
  22. irreproachable
    • beyond criticism; faultless
    • his private life was irreproachable
  23. pertinent
    Something pertinent is relevant and on-point. If you give your best friend pertinent advice, that means the advice is appropriate for the situation.
  24. rebuttal
    • a refutation or contradiction
    • denial, countering, invalidation
  25. wary
    • Describe yourself as wary if you don't quite trust someone or something and want to proceed with caution. Be wary of risky things like wild mushrooms and Internet deals!
    • hesitant; cautious
  26. belabor
    • argue or elaborate (a subject) in excessive detail.
    • explain in unnecessary detail
    • critics thought they belabored the obvious
  27. connoisseur
    person with refined taste and good judgment
  28. grate
    • 1. to annoy; aggravate; vex
    • 2. shred
    • When you grate something you rip it to shreds, like a pound of solid cheese that you shred for a recipe.
  29. irrevocable
    cannot be cancelled; unchangeable
  30. recant
    disclaim; retract statement
  31. subversive
    • rebellious; revolutionary; insurgent, seditious
    • in opposition to a civil authority or government
  32. wax
    • to increase; to grow
    • The verb wax is most often found in the company of its opposite, "wane." To wax is to grow larger or increase, whereas wane means to grow smaller or decrease.
  33. beleaguer
    besiege; attack
  34. pester
    • trouble or annoy (someone) with frequent or persistent requests or interruptions
    • she constantly pestered him with telephone calls
  35. egress
    If you want to leave a place, you need a means of egress, or a way to exit, such as a door or window.
  36. pervasive
    When something is pervasive, it's everywhere. Common things are pervasive— like greed and cheap perfume.
  37. succinct
    • Something that is succinct is short and clear. If you're going to be interviewed on television about your new book and only have a five minute slot, you'll need to come up with a succinct version of your story.
    • concise, short (and sweet), brief, compact, terse
  38. waylay
    • When you waylay someone, you stop them from doing what they were going to do, either by using violence or some other tactic.
    • accost; stop; approach; hinder
  39. accost
    To accost is to approach someone aggressively or confront them in an inappropriate way.
  40. jaded
    • tired, bored, or lacking enthusiasm, typically after having had too much of something.
    • meals to tempt the most jaded appetites
  41. petrify
    • 1. terrify
    • 2. If you scare someone so much they can't move, you petrify them. Petrify is to make something like a stone or to literally turn to stone.
  42. receptacle
    • A receptacle is a container that's used for holding or storing things. If you are having a party on a rainy day, you can put a receptacle outside your door for your guests' umbrellas.
    • container; vessel; holder
  43. suffragist
    someone who campaigns for voting rights, especially to women.
  44. neologism
    a newly coined word or expression
  45. peevish
    When you're peevish, you're easily irritated and grumpy. Everything seems to get under your skin.
  46. whelp
    It doesn't sound as cute as "puppy," but whelp means the same thing: a baby dog or wolf.
  47. bellicose
    • demonstrating aggression and willingness to fight.
    • a group of bellicose patriots
  48. consummate
    Consummate means complete or finished.
  49. compliant
    easy to control; submissive
  50. drone
    • 1. monotonous noise (n)
    • 2. to speak with no emotion (v)
    • 3.male bee
  51. throng
    A throng is a crowd of people or animals. On the crowded platform, the throng of passengers attempted to push their way into the already overcrowded subway car.
  52. espouse
    promote; take up; support
  53. lax
    • not sufficiently strict, severe, or careful
    • lax security arrangements at the airport
  54. obviate
    To obviate means to eliminate the need for something or to prevent something from happening. If you want to obviate the possibility of a roach infestation, clean your kitchen regularly.
  55. poseur
    • a person who acts in an affected manner in order to impress others.
    • poser
  56. torpid
    While the adjective torpid sounds a lot like the noun torpedo, it actually describes something slow or even inactive, like the torpedo that's just sitting around before it's launched.
  57. bulwark
    • A bulwark is a wall built for protection or defense.
    • fortification; barricade; wall
  58. defunct
    no longer existing or functioning
  59. etymology
    the study of word origins
  60. odious
    extremely unpleasant; repulsive
  61. rife
  62. hypochondriac
    If you obsess about your health and imagine you have the symptoms of a disease (or diseases), you may well be a hypochondriac and should seek therapy.
  63. posthumous
    • occurring, awarded, or appearing after the death of the originator
    • he was awarded a posthumous Military Cross
  64. totter
    If you spin yourself around until you are dizzy, you will likely totter if you try to step forward. Totter is a verb that means "move unsteadily, as though you are about to fall down."
  65. alacrity
    Someone with alacrity shows cheerful willingness and eager behavior, like a kid whose mother has told him he can buy anything in a candy store.
  66. burgeon
    Use the verb burgeon to describe something that is growing, expanding, and flourishing. If you have a green thumb(natural skill for gardening), in the spring your flower gardens will burgeon in a cacophony of color.
  67. deleterious
    If something is deleterious, it does harm or makes things worse. Smoking has obvious deleterious effects on your health, not to mention your social life.
  68. euphemism
    • a mild or pleasant word or phrase that is used instead of one that is unpleasant or offensive
    • "downsizing” as a euphemism for cuts
  69. hypocritical
    • professing feelings or virtues one does not have
    • insincere
  70. ogle
    When you ogle someone, you look at them with love or desire in mind. And if you're a cartoon character, you might also be drooling.
  71. lecherous
    To be lecherous is to be full of strong sexual desire and to act on it, usually in an unpleasant way.
  72. postulate
    • suggest or assume the existence, fact, or truth of (something) as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or belief. 
    • Physicists postulate the existence of parallel universes, which is a little mind-blowing.
  73. burnish
    That seductive gleam on that Porsche behind the dealer's window? It's called a burnish, a gloss only achieved by loads of polishing.
  74. euphony
    the quality of being pleasing to the ear, especially through a harmonious combination of words.
  75. portable
    If something is potable that means it's safe to drink. In developed countries, tap water is usually potable. Puddle water is not.
  76. rotund
    Rotund describes anything that's plump or round, like a teapot or your chubby Aunt Agnes.
  77. buttress
    You can buttress an argument with solid facts or your financial portfolio with safe investments. You may find that giving compliments to everyone you meet buttresses your popularity. To buttress is to sustain or reinforce.
  78. idiosyncrasy
    • a mode of behavior or way of thought peculiar to an individual.
    • one of his little idiosyncrasies was always preferring to be in the car first
  79. libertarian
    Someone who is a libertarian advocates the importance of the individual over government control — libertarians believe strongly in freedom.
  80. ominous
    • giving the impression that something bad or unpleasant is going to happen; threatening; inauspicious
    • there were ominous dark clouds gathering overhead
  81. inauspicious
    • A dark, stormy sky on the day of a wedding can be seen as inauspicious, and so can an awkward job interview. The opposite of inauspicious is auspicious, which means lucky or promising.
    • unfortunate, unpromising
  82. ruminate
    • When you ruminate, it means you are thinking very deeply about something. 
    • ponder
  83. byline
    a line giving the name of the writer of a story or article
  84. demur
    hesitate; refuse
  85. ignominious
    humiliating, undignified, embarrassing, shameful
  86. liniment
    a medicinal liquid that is rubbed into the skin to relieve muscular stiffness and pain
  87. pragmatic
    • To describe a person or a solution that takes a realistic approach, consider the adjective pragmatic. The four-year-old who wants a unicorn for her birthday isn't being very pragmatic.
    • practical, sensible
  88. denounce
    condemn; speak out against
  89. exasperated
    • It’s understandable if you get exasperated,or really frustrated, if you’re standing in the supermarket's express lane and everyone in front of you has way more than the 10-item maximum.
    • frustrated; annoyed
  90. ignominy
    Ignominy is a noun meaning great public shame, disgrace, or embarrassment, or a situation or event that causes this.
  91. lithe
    • Have you ever seen people who can bend so easily, they can touch their heels to the back of their heads? That person is, in a word,lithe.
    • flexible; supple
  92. pragmatist
    practical person; one who is concerned with usefulness
  93. coax
    • When you coax someone, you try to convince him gently, with pleasant words and maybe a little flattery. You’ll have to be patient, as you can’t rush someone you’re trying to coax.
    • cajole
  94. exceptionable
    • very bad (something which we should object to)
    • as long as the language is not exceptionable, people can discuss any topic they want in the chat room
  95. illuminate
    To illuminate is to light up — with physical light or with an idea. A spotlight might illuminate an actor on stage, and a good Chemistry teacher might illuminate students with a lesson on the atomic structure of hydrogen.
  96. livid
    If you're livid, you're furious, in a black cloud of anger. The Latin root this word comes from means "bluish-gray" or "slate-colored," and you can also use livid to describe the color, such as a livid bruise or a livid sea.
  97. onerous
    • (of a task, duty, or responsibility) involving an amount of effort and difficulty that is oppressively burdensome
    • he found his duties increasingly onerous
  98. sacrosanct
    • regarded as too important or valuable to be interfered with.
    • very holy; inviolable
  99. traverse
    • The verb traverse means to travel across an extended area; to move across
    • My dream was to traverse the country by car, but not any more
  100. caldron
    huge cooking pot
Card Set
vocab 24