vocab 19

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  1. plea
    • a request made in an urgent and emotional manner.
    • he made a dramatic plea for disarmament
  2. dwarf
    • a member of a mythical race of short, stocky human-like creatures who are generally skilled in mining and metalworking 
    • gnome
  3. bounty
    • If there is bounty on your table, it means there are lots of kinds of foods and plenty of them.
    • generosity, liberality.
  4. avalanche
    Look out below! An avalanche is a whole lot of falling snow and ice. Also, life can feel like an avalanche when things get hectic.
  5. whirl
    Whirl means a quick spin, and for giving something a try. Hang-gliding? Snake-charming? "Sure," you say. "I'll give it a whirl."
  6. quiver
    quivering is a trembling, shaking motion. A cold gust of wind might make you quiver, as would an icy glare from the abominable snowman.
  7. abominable
    Abominable is as bad as it gets. So if the food at camp is abominable, the campers might start to shout, "Ick! Ick! Your stew is making us sick!"
  8. myriad
    • If you've got myriad problems it doesn't mean you should call a myriad exterminator, it means you've got countless problems; loads of them; too many to count. Welcome to the club.
    • a large/great number
  9. kink
    • a sharp twist or curve in something that is otherwise straight
    • a kink in the road
  10. swivel
    A swivel is a device that allows something to turn freely. Desk chairs are often designed so the seat can swivel atop the base. In the hospital, the TV is usually mounted on a swivel so that the nurses can adjust it
  11. shudders
    • tremble convulsively, typically as a result of fear or revulsion; shake, shiver
    • I shuddered with horror
  12. emanate
    When you use the word emanate, you're usually talking about lights, sounds or unseen forces coming out of a specific source. If you hear creepy sounds emanating from an old house, that might mean it's haunted.
  13. tenet
    • A tenet is a principle or belief honored by a person or, more often, a group of people. "Seek pleasure and avoid pain" is a basic tenet of Hedonism. "God exists" is a tenet of most major religions.
    • principle, belief, doctrine, precept
  14. litigation
    • the process of taking legal action;  lawsuit, legal dispute
    • the company wishes to avoid litigation
  15. ripeness
    fully matured, ripe
  16. extricate
    If you need to be untangled, set free or otherwise released from something or someone, you need to be extricated.
  17. commend
    • praise formally or officially
    • he was commended by the judge for his courageous actions
  18. vouch
    If you vouch for someone, you provide evidence or guarantee something on their behalf. If you vouch for your brother, you're saying he's a stand-up type of guy.
  19. omen
    An omen is an event or happening that you take as sign of something to come. It’s believed to be a bad omen if a black cat crosses your path or if it rains on your wedding day.
  20. harbinger
    A harbinger is something that comes before and that shows what will follow in the future. The robin is a harbinger of spring––its presence means spring is coming soon.
  21. fallible
    As humans we are all fallible, because fallible means likely to make errors or fail. Nobody's perfect, after all.
  22. entourage
    You know that group of people — friends, assistants, bodyguards — that are always surrounding you everywhere you go? That's your entourage!
  23. supplant
    • supersede and replace
    • another discovery could supplant the original finding
  24. vindicate
    • clear (someone) of blame or suspicion
    • hospital staff were vindicated by the inquest verdict
  25. verdict
    A verdict is a decision made after a lot of considering, usually made by the jury in a courtroom
  26. inquest
    An inquest is when a court of law or a coroner investigates the circumstances of a person's death.
  27. coerce
    persuade (an unwilling person) to do something by using force or threats
  28. impunity
    • exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action
    • immunity
  29. unction
    the action of anointing someone with oil or ointment as a religious rite or as a symbol of investiture as a monarch.
  30. anoint
    • smear or rub with oil, typically as part of a religious ceremony
    • high priests were anointed with oil
  31. reluctantly
    Reluctantly means "with hesitation, doubt or dread." You might reluctantly walk into the dentist's office for your appointment, knowing that your mouth would soon be in pain.
  32. tackle
    the equipment required for a task or sport.
  33. smear
    • coat or mark (something) messily or carelessly with a greasy or sticky substance.
    • his face was smeared with dirt
    • damage the reputation of (someone) by false accusations; slander
  34. lurch
    To lurch is to suddenly move — usually forward. If you are on a ship that lurches a lot during a storm, you may find your body lurching in one direction and your stomach going in the opposite one.
  35. daub
    Whenever you smear something on a surface, you are daubing. Abstract Expressionists may have been able to daub a canvas with paint and sell it for millions, but you probably wouldn't be so lucky.
  36. shout
    utter in a loud voice; talk in a loud voice (usually denoting characteristic manner of speaking)
  37. sedation
    Sedation is either the state of being relaxed or sleepy because of a drug, or the act of drugging someone with a sedative.
  38. interrogation
    An interrogation is a question or an intense questioning session. Police do interrogations of suspects all the time.
  39. tangent
    • A tangent is an entirely different topic or direction.
    • he quickly went off on a tangent about wrestling
  40. stray
    Little Red Riding Hood strayed from the path and ended up getting eaten by the Big Bad Wolf. When you stray, you wander off without paying attention to where you're going, and sometimes you get in trouble.
  41. knack
    • an acquired or natural skill at performing a task
    • I have the knack to finish what I started
  42. vice
    A vice is a moral failing or a bad habit. Traditional examples of vice include drinking alcohol, smoking tobacco, and gambling in card games.
  43. recuperate
    To recuperate is to get something back that you have lost — could be good health, or money lost in a bad investment. When you recuperate, you heal and recover.
  44. mishap
    Don’t cry over spilled milk, it is just a minor mishap — a misfortune. If the surgeon operates on the wrong leg when you go in for knee surgery? Now, that’s a mishap to get upset about.
  45. par
    • a state of being essentially equal or equivalent; equally balanced
    • on a par with the best
    • equality, equation, equivalence
  46. cogent
    • (of an argument or case) clear, logical, and convincing
    • compelling, strong, forceful, powerful
  47. perishable
    Something perishable is likely to die or decay. A perishable is also a type of food with a limited shelf life if it's not refrigerated
  48. fritter
    A person who fritters chooses to spend their energy on things that are wasteful. You can fritter money, time, or energy, but once you've "frittered it away," you can't get it back!
  49. wardrobe
    All of the clothes in your closet make up your wardrobe. If you're tired of your wardrobe, it just might be time to go shopping.
  50. tedious
    If something is tedious, it's boring. If you're anxious to get outside and enjoy the sun, even the best lecture will seem tedious
  51. avail
    To avail means to take advantage of an opportunity, the way you'd be crazy not to avail yourself of a chocolate milkshake on Free Milkshake Day at your local ice cream parlor.
  52. parlor
    a room in a private house or establishment where people can sit and talk and relax
  53. venture
    A venture is a risky undertaking. If your latest venture is a dog food store, you hope there are some hungry dogs around. Also, to venture is to go somewhere possibly dangerous, like if you venture out into a snowstorm.
  54. excel
    If you excel at math, you are doing it better than anyone else. You might even be moving so much faster than the rest of your class, you're put into a special, accelerated math program.
  55. futile
    When something fails to deliver a useful result, you can call it futile. Hopefully all the time you're spending studying vocabulary won't turn out to be futile!
  56. vain
    • having or showing an excessively high opinion of one's appearance, abilities, or worth.
    • their flattery made him vain
  57. falsify
    To falsify is to alter or mangle something, like a message or document, in a way that distorts the meaning
  58. hype
    • extravagant or intensive publicity or promotion.
    • publicity, advertising, promotion, marketing, exposure
  59. quarrel
    • an angry argument or disagreement, typically between people who are usually on good terms.
    • argument, disagreement, squabble, fight, dispute
  60. squabble
    A squabble is a fight but not necessarily a serious one. When we squabble, we have a little argument, probably about something not too important.
  61. exhilarating
    • making one feel very happy, animated, or elated; thrilling
    • an exhilarating two-hour rafting experience
  62. heady
    extremely exciting as if by alcohol or a narcotic
  63. flail
    To flail means to wave around wildly. If you are stranded on a deserted island and you see a ship in the distance, it’s a good idea to flail your arms in the air to get the captain’s attention.
  64. intriguing
    Intriguing things or people arouse curiosity and have an indescribable draw. If you find the night sky intriguing and enjoy pondering the limitlessness of the universe, you should consider becoming an astronomer.
  65. intertwine
    Things that intertwine are twisted or mixed together.
  66. depict
    When you depict something, you draw a picture of it, describe it or show what it looks like.
  67. viscous
    Viscous means sticky, gluey and syrupy. So if something is viscous, you usually don't want to stick your fingers in it — that goes for boogers and maple syrup alike.
  68. husk
    • the dry outer covering of some fruits or seeds.
    • shell, hull, pod, case
  69. immerse
    • If you immerse yourself in your work, you completely involve yourself in it, spending long hours in the office and thinking about work all the time.
    • submerge, dip, dunk, duck, sink
  70. subsequent
    For something that comes after something else in time or order, choose the adjective subsequent. If the entire class fails an exam, the teacher will hopefully make subsequent ones a little easier
  71. stratum
    A stratum is a layer of something, whether abstract, like a social stratum composed of only billionaires, or physical, like the different strata (that’s the plural version) of clouds that an airplane passes through.
  72. scaly
    having the body covered or partially covered with thin horny plates, as some fish and reptiles
  73. resilience
    the ability of a substance or object to spring back into shape; elasticity.
  74. exfoliate
    (of a material) come apart or be shed from a surface in scales or layers.
  75. bark
    tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees and other woody plants
  76. cleavage
    Cleavage is a word for a kind of splitting or separation: it's mainly used for the split between a woman's breasts.
  77. furrow
    A furrow is a groove or a depression. Originally, furrows were created in soil for water to flow. Now, its most common meaning is of a deep line or wrinkle on the face, as in a "furrowed brow."
  78. sag
    • sink, subside, or bulge downward under weight or pressure or through lack of strength.
    • he closed his eyes and sagged against the wall
  79. hue
    Green, orange, yellow, and blue — each of these is a hue, a color or a shade that's true. A rainbow shows the melting of one hue into another, from red to violet, and all shades in between.
  80. remnant
    • A remnant is something that's left over, once the rest is used up. 
    • remains, remainder, leftovers, residue, rest
  81. translucent
  82. proliferate
    When something proliferates, it's growing, spreading or multiplying really quickly.
  83. attain
    Attain is all about reaching some mark of achievement—you can attain a destination. You can attain your goal. If you win over and over at the blackjack tables, you might attain a reputation for success.
  84. shunt
    an act of pushing or shoving something.
  85. jaunt
    • a short excursion or journey for pleasure.
    • trip, pleasure trip
  86. gristle
  87. tensile
    • 1. of or relating to tension.
    • 2. capable of being drawn out or stretched.
  88. lattice
    a structure consisting of strips of wood or metal crossed and fastened together with square or diamond-shaped spaces left between, used typically as a screen or fence or as a support for climbing plants; grid
  89. pivot
    • the central point, pin, or shaft on which a mechanism turns or oscillates.
    • axis, axle
  90. hinge
    a movable joint or mechanism on which a door, gate, or lid swings as it opens and closes, or that connects linked objects.
  91. glide
    the act of moving smoothly along a surface while remaining in contact with it
  92. fulcrum
    The supporting point of a lever, the first fulcrum you met was probably on the playground — right underneath the see-saw.
  93. taut
    • stretched or pulled tight; not slack
    • the fabric stays taut without adhesive
  94. jut
    When something juts, it extends outward. Your nose juts out from your face, just as your ears jut from your head. If you’re feeling determined, you might jut out your chin.
  95. conduit
    • a channel for conveying water or other fluid.
    • a conduit for conveying water to the power plant
  96. versatile
    • To describe a person or thing that can adapt to do many things or serve many functions, consider the adjective versatile.
    • adaptable, flexible
  97. fluctuate
    • rise and fall irregularly in number or amount.
    • trade with other countries tends to fluctuate from year to year
    • vary, change, differ, shift, alter
  98. occlude
    Occlude means to obstruct, as with an opening. You hear this a lot in a medical context. Heart surgeons are looking for occlusions in blood vessels––things that occlude the flow of blood.
  99. ailment
    • an illness, typically a minor one
    • If you've got a rash or a persistent cough, you can call that an ailment
  100. succumb
    • fail to resist (pressure, temptation, or some other negative force)
    • she succumbed to temptation
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vocab 19
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