vocab 17

  1. parlance
    The noun parlance means the manner of speaking and using words.
  2. wary
    • feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.
    • cautious, careful, circumspect
  3. elated
    If you're elated you aren't just happy — you're over the moon, absolutely excited and bursting with pride.
  4. exhilaration
    • a feeling of excitement, happiness, or elation.
    • they felt the exhilaration of victory
  5. arson
    • the criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property
    • police are treating the fire as arson
  6. bender
    revelry in drinking; a merry drinking party
  7. revelry
    Revelry is a wild, fun time. If you enjoy the revelry of a New Year's Eve party, you might pay for partying hard the next day.
  8. primordial
    • existing at or from the beginning of time; primeval; ancient
    • the primordial oceans
  9. faulty
    incorrect, wrong
  10. epiphany
    When inspiration hits you out of the blue, call it an epiphany.
  11. emeritus
    An emeritus is a retired college professor or minister. When a professor stops teaching, she might be given the title of emeritus, which basically means she can still be remembered as a successful professor.
  12. mayhem
    Mayhem is a violent and rowdy disturbance, like what you might experience at an overcrowded rock concert or a day-after-Thanksgiving sale.
  13. remorse
    Remorse, a noun, is what you feel if you regret your actions or wish for another outcome.
  14. stave off
    When you stave something off, you prevent it from happening. When you stave off a cold, you work to avoid getting one, maybe by drinking plenty of tea and eating oranges.
  15. indulge
    • allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of.
    • I only indulge on special occasions
  16. engorge
    overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself
  17. binge
    • a short period devoted to indulging in an activity to excess, especially drinking alcohol or eating.
    • he went on a binge and was in no shape to drive
  18. revel
    Revel means to take great pleasure. If you revel in something, you're not just pleased or even excited; you're overwhelmed by joy.
  19. residue
    Residue is anything that's left over when a substance has been removed, like the grease left over on a frying pan. It can also mean, simply, "remainder."
  20. recede
    • go or move back or further away from a previous position.
    • the flood waters had receded
  21. shed
    • to cast off
    • a snake sheds its skin.
  22. detrimental
    Detrimental is a formal way of saying "harmful." Anything detrimental hurts, hinders, or puts a damper on something. Detrimental things do damage.
  23. swish
    то rinse mouth
  24. constitute
    To constitute is to make up a whole from smaller parts, or "constituents." "What constitutes a family?" means "What makes up a family?"
  25. profound
    When you need a word that's deeper than "deep," consider profound.
  26. utmost
    Utmost means "the greatest extent or amount." When you work as part as you possibly can, you do your utmost to accomplish your goal.
  27. disciple
    A disciple is a follower or a fan of someone. You might consider yourself to be a disciple of your favorite science teacher.
  28. murky
    Something that's murky is dim, gloomy or hard to see through clearly. Think of the dark fog around a haunted house or the cloudy, muddy water in a swamp.
  29. repository
    Think of a repository as a storehouse, a place where things are kept until needed.
  30. linchpin
    Literally, a linchpin is the pin that goes through the axle of a wheel to keep it in place, but linchpin can be used to mean an important part of anything, the thing that holds it all together.
  31. heyday
    A heyday is a peak of popularity or success. If you hear someone say "Hey! Back in the day, I was the best boxer in the city! No one could beat me!" he might be remembering his heyday as a fighter.
  32. imbue
    To imbue is to fill up with or become "soaked" in an idea or emotion, as a sponge takes in water. One visit to Africa might be enough to imbue ambitions in a medical student to return to heal the sick.
  33. spawn
    • the product or offspring of a person or place (used to express distaste or disgust).
    • the spawn of chaos: demons and sorcerers
  34. rancid
    Rancid means sour, rotten, nasty and refers most specifically to the sharp bad smell of decomposing oils or fats.
  35. reconnoiter
    When you reconnoiter an area, you’re looking around to try to get some kind of feel for the place. It often describes a military action, but you could also reconnoiter the break room on the lookout for doughnuts.
  36. inference
    An inference is an idea or conclusion that's drawn from evidence and reasoning. An inference is an educated guess.
  37. crude
    in a natural or raw state; not yet processed or refined.
  38. harness
    • 1. a set of straps and fittings by which a horse or other draft animal is fastened to a cart, plow, etc., and is controlled by its driver.
    • 2. control and make use of (natural resources), especially to produce energy.
  39. scourges
    something causing misery or death
  40. abound
    This word has to do with an abundance of something. In cities like Buffalo, NY, snow abounds
  41. puppet
    a small figure of a person operated from above with strings by a puppeteer
  42. tabulate
    To tabulate information is to organize it into a table. If your friend borrows money from you every week, you might want to tabulate what she owes you.
  43. trove
    treasure of unknown ownership found hidden (usually in the earth)
  44. confine
    Confine is all about setting limits. If you are confined to the house, it means you can't leave it. If you're really sick, you might be confined to your bed.
  45. preconceive
    (of an idea or opinion) formed before having the evidence for its truth or usefulness.
  46. ruse
    an action intended to deceive someone; a trick
  47. comply
    • (of a person or group) act in accordance with a wish or command.
    • we are unable to comply with your request
  48. hone
    The verb hone means to sharpen skills. When you practice shooting baskets every day after school, you are honing your skills as a basketball player.
  49. sleight
    The noun sleight refers to being able to use your hands with ease, especially when doing a trick. Sleight is often used in the phrase "sleight of hand." If you are a good magician, you can make a coin disappear with sleight of hand.
  50. yield
    • 1. produce or provide (a natural, agricultural, or industrial product)
    • 2. give way to arguments, demands, or pressure; surrender, capitulate
  51. impediment
    An impediment is anything that slows or blocks progress. It can refer to a physical thing, like a fallen tree in the road, or something more intangible, like how piracy is an impediment to the pleasure cruise industry in Somalia.
  52. cohesive
    When the parts of the whole work or fit together well, they are cohesive, like a cohesive family whose members pitch in with everything from making dinner to painting the house.
  53. leisure
    Leisure is time off, spare time, sweet sweet freedom from the demands of work. It's like play time for grown-ups.
  54. fierce
    • Fierce is ferocious and forceful, like a lion. When you are fierce, opponents fear you. Despite their loss, the talented JV team put up a fierce fight against the varsity squad.
    • ferocious, savage, vicious, aggressive
  55. ferocious
    The adjective ferocious means more than merely angry or active. If you can imagine the wildest, most savage animal ready to rip your arms off and shred the muscles, you would be imagining a ferocious beast.
  56. compile
    When you compile something, like a recipe-book or a mix-tape, you put it together using things that already exist (recipes, songs).
  57. parasol
    A parasol is a little umbrella that protects you from the sun. If you are trying to imitate a fancy Victorian lady, get yourself a parasol.
  58. fuselage
    The main part of an airplane — the part in which you sit as a passenger — is called the fuselage. Your luggage rides in the fuselage too.
  59. recluse
    A recluse lives alone, works alone, eats alone, and generally stays away from other people. Anti-social old hermits are recluses, as are a lot of students during exam time.
  60. agnostic
    If someone believes they cannot know whether or not God exists, label them an agnostic. A bad joke: Did you hear about the dyslexic agnostic insomniac? He stayed up all night wondering if there was a dog.
  61. benefactor
    Every school, museum, and struggling artist is in search for a generous benefactor, or someone to provide the financial means to keep everything running smoothly.
  62. hermit
    You hear about hermits more often than you meet one, and that’s because a hermit is someone who likes to be alone, far from people, sometimes because of their religious beliefs or maybe because they simply want some privacy.
  63. knoll
    A knoll is a small hill or mound of earth, which makes a shady knoll a perfect spot for a summer picnic.
  64. glade
    a tract of land with few or no trees in the middle of a wooded area
  65. mound
    a small natural hill; a collection of objects laid on top of each other
  66. deference
    Sure you wear ripped jeans to school every day, but you don't wear them to your grandmother's house out of deference to her. When you show deference to someone, you make a gesture of respect.
  67. embellishment
    • a decorative detail or feature added to something to make it more attractive.
    • decoration, ornamentation, adornment
  68. duress
    • threats, violence, constraints, or other action brought to bear on someone to do something against their will or better judgment
    • confessions extracted under duress
    •  force, pressure, intimidation, constraint
  69. dissidence
    protest against official policy; dissent, disagreement
  70. fruition
    An idea that is made real, such as a plan or an apple, has come to fruition.
  71. purport
    • Use purport when you want to convince people about something that might not be true, like when you purport that the dog ate your homework.
    • claim to be, profess to be, pretend to be
  72. resentment
    • Resentment, or the strong and painful bitterness you feel when someone does something wrong to you, doesn't have actual physical weight, but it feels very heavy and can last a long time. Forgiveness is one way to get rid of resentment.
    •  irritation, pique, dissatisfaction
  73. obstacle
    When the road is blocked ahead of you, that blockage is an obstacle that keeps you from getting where you want to go.
  74. perverse
    Something that's perverse is deviant — it's not completely acceptable, and it may be even a little strange. Your perverse sense of humor probably makes some of your friends laugh while others just look uncomfortable
  75. negligible
    When something is meaningless or insignificant because it is so little, it's negligible. The amount of interest you'll get on your savings is negligible, so you might as well spend your money.
  76. indiscretion
    If you commit an indiscretion you are doing something wrong that shows a lack of judgment. Perhaps stealing candy was your first indiscretion. Likely it will not be your last.
  77. flux
    The noun flux describes something that constantly changes. If your likes, dislikes, attitudes, dreams, and even friends are changing all the time, you may be in flux.
  78. secession
    • the action of withdrawing formally from membership of a federation or body, especially a political state.
    • the republics want secession from the union
  79. gibe
    "Loser! Bonehead!" the kids shouted, tossing those words and other gibes at the people who offered themselves up to the annual humiliation of the harvest-fest dunk-tank. A gibe is an insulting comment. To gibe is to insult.
  80. taunt
    A short list of people not to taunt: your big brother, cops, nightclub bouncers, dragons.Taunts are insulting comments, and, unless you are a really, really fast runner, keep them to yourself.
  81. chicanery
    Have you ever gotten the sense that politicians or corporate leaders will say anything to turn public opinion their way? This tricky kind of deceit and manipulation is called chicanery.
  82. purge
    To purge is to get rid of something or someone, and often it’s done suddenly.Purge rhymes with urge, and when you have a really strong urge to throw stuff away or clean something out, you have an urge to purge.
  83. austere
    The adjective austere is used to describe something or someone stern or without any decoration. You wouldn't want someone to describe you or your home as austere.
  84. feasible
    If something is feasible, then you can do it without too much difficulty. When someone asks "Is it feasible?" the person is asking if you'll be able to get something done.
  85. implementation
    • the process of putting a decision or plan into effect; execution
    • she was responsible for the implementation of the plan
  86. parley
    A formal discussion between enemies or opponents is called a parley
  87. bogus
    Bogus means fake—a bogus dollar bill is counterfeit, a bogus Renoir was not painted by him, a bogus attempt at reconciliation would come from someone who never intended to end a fight
  88. complicity
    • the state of being involved with others in an illegal activity or wrong doing
    • they were accused of complicity in the attempt to overthrow the government
  89. indignant
    When you're indignant, you're angry about an unfair situation. If you discovered that a teacher gave ten extra points on a test to all students who sat in the front row, you'd be indignant.
  90. requisition
    • an official order laying claim to the use of property or materials
    • Requisition is a very official-sounding word that usually means "to take or seize." We're sorry that your luxury suite has been requisitioned by the mayor's office. No, we have no idea what he's doing in there.
  91. edict
    If your mom orders you to clean your room, that's an order. If the king asks you to do it, that's an edict — an official order from some higher up.
  92. retreat
    The noun retreat means a place you can go to be alone, to get away from it all. A spot under a shady tree might be your favorite retreat from the sun, or your bedroom in the basement may serve as a retreat from your siblings.
  93. edible
    If it’s edible, you can eat it. Many things that you may not want to eat are, in fact, edible. Certain insects are edible, which just means that you can consume them without getting sick (if it doesn't gross you out too much).
  94. amiable
    A friendly, pleasant person could be described as amiable. Airline flight attendants tend to be amiable. The people monitoring the school's cafeteria? Maybe not.
  95. haughty
    Someone who is haughty is arrogant and full of pride. When you're haughty, you have a big attitude and act like you're better than other people.
  96. deject
    • make sad or dispirited 
    • depress, dismay, dispirit, get down
  97. hoodwink
    To hoodwink someone means to trick or mislead them. Beware of fake ATMs that try to hoodwink you into giving over your bank card and your code, only to keep them both and steal all your money.
  98. allay
    The verb allay is used when you want to make something better or eliminate fears and concerns.
  99. heir
    If your grandfather leaves his candy factory to you in his will, it means you're the heir to the family candy business, and after your grandfather dies, you will inherit the factory.
  100. ravenous
    A ravenous person feels like they haven't eaten in days and could probably finish off 10 pizzas without help. So ravenous is not a good state to be in when you go grocery shopping.
Card Set
vocab 17