vocab 14

  1. slump
    • sit, lean, or fall heavily and limply, especially with a bent back
    • They left him slumped in a drunken stupor.
  2. limp
    • walk with difficulty, typically because of a damaged or stiff leg or foot
    • He limped heavily as he moved
  3. subjugate
    • to conquer; enslave; make subservient 
    • The rich landowners subjugated the peasants.
  4. submissive
    • yielding; timid 
    • Many worker are submissive to their asshole-bosses in order to keep their job.
  5. yielding
    • (of a substance, object or person) giving way under pressure; not hard or rigid; give up the struggle
    • A gentle, yielding person
  6. timid
    • showing a lack of courage or confidence; easily frightened
    • I was too timid to ask for what I wanted.
  7. substantiate
    • provide evidence to support or prove the truth of; verify 
    • They had found nothing to substantiate the allegations.
  8. allegation
    • a claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof
    • They had found nothing to substantiate the allegations.
  9. sullen
    • gloomy; having brooding ill humor
    • The sullen gray skies matched our sullen mood.
  10. supercilious
    • arrogant; patronizing 
    • The butler wore a supercilious expression at the door.
  11. supplant
    • supersede and replace; usurp
    • Another discovery could supplant the original finding.
  12. surmise
    • suppose that something is true without having evidence to confirm it; guess 
    • He surmised that something must be wrong.
  13. surreptitious
    • using secretive method 
    • With surreptitious move, he pocketed the cash.
  14. sycophant
    • a servile flatterer; yes man 
    • Who can bare to watch a sycophant in action?
  15. tacit
    • understood or implied without being stated
    • Your silence may be taken to mean tacit agreement.
  16. taciturn
    habitually untalkative
  17. tawdry
    • tasteless showy 
    • Some of the jewelry design were huge and tawdry.
  18. temerity
    • excessive confidence or boldness; audacity; recklessness 
    • No one had the temerity to question his conclusions.
  19. temper
    • to moderate; to restrain 
    • Please temper your criticism by choosing your words.
  20. therapeutic
    • having healing power
    • Indian medicine utilizes therapeutic herbs.
  21. thwart
    • prevent (someone) from accomplishing something
    • He never did anything to thwart his actions.
  22. tirade
    • long, violent speech; violent criticism
    • You, his favorite, was not included in his tirade.
  23. torpor
    • laziness; inactivity; dullness 
    • Great heat and humidity filled the crouwd with torpor.
  24. trepidation
    • uncertainty; apprehension 
    • With much trepidation, I approach the boss for a raise.
  25. trite
    • too often repeated 
    • In making toasts, be original, avoid trite remarks.
  26. unassailable
    • impossible to attack, dispute or deny 
    • Our position on the subject was unassailable.
  27. unimpeachable
    • not able to be doubted, questioned, or criticized; entirely trustworthy
    • An unimpeachable witness.
  28. unobtrusive
    • not conspicuous or attracting attention
    • Corrections should be neat and unobtrusive.
  29. conspicuous
    • standing out so as to be clearly visible
    • He showed conspicuous bravery.
  30. unscathed
    • not injured or harmed; intact 
    • they were unscathed, but their car was totaled.
  31. untenable
    • indefensible; unreasonable
    • this argument is clearly untenable.
  32. urbane
    • polite; refine; elegant in manner 
    • Urban actors are not much in fashion now.
  33. usurp
    • take (a position of power or importance) illegally or by force
    • Richard usurped the throne.
  34. vacuous
    • having or showing a lack of thought or intelligence; mindless
    • A vacuous smile.
  35. vilify
    • to make vicious statement; disparage, denigrate, defame
    • He has been vilified in the press.
  36. virulent
    • extreme poisonous; hostile 
    • A virulent epidemic.
  37. voracious
    • famish; hungry
    • The shark has a voracious appetite.
  38. wanton
    • excessive without restraint; wasteful
    • We use energy sources in wanton manner.
  39. whimsical
    • subject to erratic behavior; unpredictable 
    • Her decision was whimsical and kept us guessing.
  40. writhe
    • to twist in pain; suffer acutely 
    • He writhed in pain as the dentist pulled his molar free.
  41. zany
    • ludicrously comical; bizarre
    • Zany humor.
  42. zealous
    • having active interest or enthusiasm.
    • American men are zealous fans of football.
  43. stumble
    • trip or momentarily lose one's balance; almost fall
    • Her foot caught a shoe and she stumbled.
  44. burden
    • a load, especially a heavy one
    • They shouldered their burdens
  45. stark relief
    • to make stand out clearly
    • To throw into stark relief.
  46. dire
    • (of a situation or event) extremely serious or urgent
    • Dire consequences.
  47. inextricable
    • impossible to disentangle or separate; tangled, mixed up
    • The past and the present are inextricable.
    • An inextricable situation.
  48. contemplating
    • look thoughtfully for a long time at
    • He sat on the carpet contemplating his image in the mirrors.
  49. preclude
    • prevent from happening; make impossible
    • His difficulties preclude him from leading a normal life.
  50. precocious
    • advanced in development
    • Some precocious children enter the college at age 14.
  51. prominence
    • Prominence has to do with importance. If a band becomes famous, they've come into prominence.
    • fame, celebrity, eminence
  52. braille
    a point system of writing in which patterns of raised dots represent letters and numerals
  53. cerumen
    a soft yellow wax secreted by glands in the ear canal
  54. excoriate
    • 1. censure or criticize severely.
    • So, before you excoriate your little sister for borrowing your favorite jacket without permission, consider whether she truly deserves such harsh treatment.
    • 2. tear or wear off the skin or make sore by abrading
  55. gum
  56. occult
    • 1. med. concealed
    • 2. supernatural, mystical, or magical beliefs, practices, or phenomena.
  57. vertigo
    If you're standing still but the room is inexplicably spinning, you might want to let someone know you're suffering from vertigo— the sensation of dizziness or whirling.
  58. ancillary
    • providing necessary support to the primary activities or operation of an organization, institution, industry, or system
    • the development of ancillary services to support its products
  59. narrative
    A narrative is a story that you write or tell to someone, usually in great detail. A narrative can be a work of poetry or prose, or even song, theater, or dance.
  60. miscellaneous
    • (of items or people gathered or considered together) of various types or from different sources.
    • he picked up the miscellaneous papers
  61. entail
    Entail means what something involves. "The job entailed us standing in the snow for hours dressed as giant, human hot dogs. It entailed far too much humiliation to justify the $3.55 an hour we were paid."
  62. thrust
    • push (something or someone) suddenly or violently in the specified direction
    • shove, push, plunge, stick, drive
  63. ecchymosis
    the purple or black-and-blue area resulting from a bruise
  64. snug
    You may have noticed your pants getting a little snug during the holiday season. That could mean they’re just extra comfortable or it could be another way of saying they're feeling a little tight.
  65. yawning
    an involuntary intake of breath through a wide open mouth; usually triggered by fatigue or boredom
  66. prudent
    • Describe an action as prudent if it is the wise thing to do under the existing circumstances. If you're getting in trouble, it is probably prudent to keep your mouth closed and just listen.
    • wise, judicious, sagacious, sage, shrewd
  67. scabies
    a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite; characterized by persistent itching and skin irritation
  68. mite
    • 1. Mite is one of many words for a very small amount, like a bit and a jot. A mite is teeny-weeny and itty-bitty. It's not much at all.
    • 2. parasite
  69. splint
    • a strip of rigid material used for supporting and immobilizing a broken bone when it has been set
    • she had to wear splints on her legs
  70. ombudsman
    In the U.S., your congressman is considered your unofficial ombudsman or the state official who investigates and makes sure the government is acting in the best interest of its citizens.
  71. posterity
    Posterity is a noun meaning "future generations." These people of the future could be your children and great-great grandchildren, or any people who are born after you.
  72. ordain
    An ordained minister(priest) is one who's been appointed to the job by a special church authority.
  73. sovereignty
    supreme power or authority
  74. ratify
    • sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid.
    • confirm, approve, sanction, endorse
  75. treaty
    a formally concluded and ratified agreement between countries
  76. census
    an official count or survey of a population, typically recording various details of individuals.
  77. inauguration
    An inauguration is a ceremony that formally marks the start of something. You’ve probably seen the inauguration ceremony when a new president takes office.
  78. preside
    • When you preside over something, you're acting as the leader or president. The captain of a club presides over the meetings.
    • conduct, lead, command
  79. adjourn
    • break off (a meeting, legal case, or game) with the intention of resuming it later.
    • The NLN exam is adjourned until September 1
  80. allegiance
    Every second grader knows how to pledge allegiance to the flag, but do you think they realize when they place their right hand over their hearts that they're expressing loyalty to what we call the "Red, White, and Blue"?
  81. potentate
    A potentate is a person so powerful they don't have to follow the rules that govern everyone else. Potentate normally refers to a king or dictator, but you can call anyone with virtually unlimited power a potentate.
  82. preamble
    A preamble is a brief introduction to a speech, like the Preamble to the Constitution that starts out "We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union...do ordain and establish this Constitution."
  83. inaugurate
    To inaugurate means to start something, to give it a kick off. The opening day pep rally inaugurates the high school football season.
  84. secede
    To secede is to go your own way, breaking off ties. Usually, this refers to one part of a country that wants to become independent, like the South during the U.S. Civil War.
  85. Perish
    Perish means to die, but it suggests a slow, gradual, nonviolent death. Starving to death is perishing. Getting hit by a bus is just plain getting killed.
  86. valiant
    • possessing or showing courage or determination.
    • brave, courageous, valorous, intrepid, heroic
  87. segregation
    Segregation is a system that keeps different groups separate from each other, either through physical dividers or using social pressures and laws.
  88. silt
    Silt is the fine bits of clay and sand that become sediment settling at the bottom of a river or lake. If there's a lot of silt flowing in a river, it looks murky.
  89. murky
    Something that's murky is dim, gloomy or hard to see through clearly. Think of the dark fog around a haunted house or the cloudy, muddy water in a swamp.
  90. apt
    Something apt is perfectly appropriate, clever and well-suited to the matter at hand. A "Cinderella story" might be an apt metaphor for an underdog team that makes it to the championships.
  91. drizzly
    wet with light rain
  92. lush
    • Lush describes something growing in abundance, like the lush green grass that covers the lawn in the spring.
    • juicy, ripe
  93. dismantling
    the act of taking something apart (as a piece of machinery)
  94. herd
    A herd is a bunch of animals, or — people who act like a bunch of animals. It's also a verb — when people herd animals, they try to keep them moving in the same direction
  95. churn
    • 1. stir (cream) vigorously in order to make butter
    • 2. be agitated
  96. malleable
    A malleable personality is capable of being changed or trained, and a malleable metal is able to be pounded or pressed into various shapes. It's easier to learn when you're young and malleable.
  97. cohort
    • 1. A cohort is a group of people who are around the same age, like a cohort of college students who have similar experiences and concerns.
    • 2. a band of warriors (originally a unit of a Roman Legion)
  98. peculiar
    Something peculiar is notably unusual. If your friend starts saying strange things you don't understand, ask her why she's suddenly become peculiar.
  99. nag
    • bother persistently with trivial complaints
    • remind or urge constantly
  100. insular
    • Insular means "having a narrow view of the world," like insular people who never leave their small town, which enables them to believe that every place in the world is the same and the people are all just like them.
    • parochial
Card Set
vocab 14