vocab 10

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  1. abstruse
    • difficult to understand
    • His talks are so abstruse that few people attend.
  2. accolade
    • approval; praise; an award
    • His wonderful music receives many accolades.
  3. acquiesce
    • accept something reluctantly but without protest
    • Sara acquiesced in his decision.
  4. aesthetic
    • concerned with beauty or the appreciation of beauty
    • The pictures give great aesthetic pleasure.
  5. affable
    • friendly, good-natured, or easy to talk to
    • Her affable manner wins her a lots of friends.
  6. affinity
    • natural attraction; feeling of kinship
    • We felt instant affinity with our new neighbors.
  7. altercation
    • a noisy argument or disagreement, especially in public
    • An altercation in the street woke me at 2 AM.
  8. ambivalence
    • opposing feelings toward something 
    • Tim is ambivalent about traveling through Iran.
  9. ameliorate
    • to improve; to make better
    • The reform did much to ameliorate living standards.
  10. amicable
    • friendly
    • There will be an amicable settlement of the dispute
  11. apocryphal
    • fictitious; of questionable authenticity 
    • An apocryphal story about a former president.
  12. appall
    • greatly dismay or horrify
    • Bankers are appalled at the economic incompetence of some officials.
  13. archaic
    • very old or old-fashioned; primitive
    • Chiseling words in the stone is archaic communication.
  14. arduous
    • difficult; strenuous 
    • Learning so many new words is arduous but worth it.
  15. articulate
    • having or showing the ability to speak fluently and coherently
    • My goal is to learn to express my self articulate in English.
  16. ascetic
    • strict self denial as religious discipline
    • An ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and manual labor.
  17. assent
    • agreement; consent 
    • Roosevelt assented to the agreement.
  18. assiduous
    • showing great care and perseverance
    • She was assiduous in pointing out every feature.
  19. assuage
    • to pacify or calm; to ease pain
    • The presence of family assuaged the window's grief.
  20. astute
    • shrewd; discerning 
    • An astute businessman.
  21. authoritarian
    • favoring absolute obedience
    • The transition from an authoritarian to a democratic regime
  22. aversion
    • a strong dislike or disinclination
    • I have aversion toward stupid people.
  23. belittle
    • make (someone or something) seem unimportant
    • Good parents don't belittle their children's efforts.
  24. benign
    • gentle; kindly
    • Her face was calm and benign.
  25. biased
    • unfairly prejudiced for or against someone or something
    • We will not tolerate this biased media coverage.
  26. blasphemy
    • the act or offense of speaking sacrilegiously about God or sacred things; profane talk
    • Graffiti on a shrine is a form of blasphemy.
  27. blithe
    • carefree; showing lack of due concern
    • Those who say poverty is a choice are blithe idiots.
  28. bombastic
    • pompous speech or writing
    • Bombastic language is a hazard of campaigns.
  29. brevity
    • briefness; conciseness of expression
    • The brevity of life is rarely thought of by the young.
  30. brusque
    • abrupt or offhand in speech or manner
    • Try to cultivate a less brusque manner.
  31. buoyant
    • cheerful and optimistic; floatable; gay
    • The bride's mood was buoyant as a helium balloon.
  32. cacophony
    • jarring, discordant sound
    • We heard a cacophony of car horns in the traffic ahead.
  33. cajole
    • to urge with gentle, repeated appeals 
    • Mothers cajole their little ones into taking medicine.
  34. callous
    • showing or having an insensitive and cruel disregard for others
    • Stupid people often have callous attitude toward smart ones.
  35. capitulate
    • surrender
    • Erica capitulated to er husband's divorce demands.
  36. capricious
    • impulsive; unpredictable
    • Chicago weather is said to be capricious.
  37. catalyst
    • a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanent chemical change
    • Judge Judy is catalyst for resolution in family feuds.
  38. catharsis
    • a cleansing of emotions or digestive system
    • Crying is a catharsis mostly limited to females.
  39. caustic
    • capable of burning or corroding 
    • Caustic remarks never make us any friendly.
  40. censure
    • expression of strong disapproval; criticism 
    • Angry delegates offered a resolution of censure against the offenders.
  41. chastise
    • to punish(beat); to criticize severely 
    • Never chastise a watch dog for barking.
  42. circumspect
    • careful of circumstances 
    • Be circumspect when traveling in lion territory.
  43. clairvoyant
    • having perception beyond the normal
    • You found my keys! Are you clairvoyant?
  44. clamor
    • a loud outcry; a strong protest 
    • The surging crowds clamored for attention.
  45. surge
    • (of a crowd or a natural force) move suddenly and powerfully forward or upward
    • The surging crowds clamored for attention.
  46. clemency
    • merciful act; disposition to show mercy 
    • he admitted his guilt and asked for clemency.
  47. coalesce /kōəˈles/
    • to come together as a whole; fuse
    • The universe coalesce from a cloud of debris.
  48. cognizant
    • fully informed or aware 
    • The young need to be cognizant about the laws.
  49. devastating
    • highly destructive or damaging
    • a devastating cyclone struck Bangladesh
  50. inscrutable
    • impossible to understand or interpret
    • Guy looked blankly inscrutable.
  51. herald
    • an official messenger bringing news.
    • a person or thing viewed as a sign that something is about to happen.
  52. hatch
    an opening of restricted size allowing for passage from one area to another, in particular; a door in an aircraft, spacecraft, or submarine.
  53. entity
    • a thing with distinct and independent existence.
    • church and empire were fused in a single entity
  54. empirical
    If knowledge is empirical, it's based on observation rather than theory. To do an empirical study of donut shops, you'll need to visit every one you can find.
  55. extrapolation
    An extrapolation is kind of like an educated guess or a hypothesis. When you make an extrapolation, you take facts and observations about a present or known situation and use them to make a prediction about what might eventually happen.
  56. drench
    • wet thoroughly; soak
    • I fell in the stream and got drenched
  57. gleam
    A gleam is a bright flash of light. If you were lost on a dark, stormy night, you'd be hugely relieved to see the gleam of a roadside diner's sign up ahead.
  58. frantic
    • When a mother loses her child, she's frantic. She's a crazed sort of agitated and goes on afrantic search for her child. A scene is frantic if there's lots of action with little order
    • delirious, excited, mad
  59. exodus
    If the fire alarm goes on in your building, be sure to join the exodus of people who are heading outside to the parking lot. This is a departure of a large number of people.
  60. shambles
    • a state of total disorder; chaos
    • my career was in a shambles
  61. siege
    Your city is under siege if it is surrounded on all sides by an opposing force on attack. Think of a castle surrounded by a legion of armed knights.
  62. soggy
    wet and soft
  63. arid
    Arid is so dry that nothing will grow. Death Valley in California features an arid climate, which is why it's called Death Valley and not Life Valley.
  64. ferocity
    Ferocity is the state of being ferocious — wild, scary, and fierce. A five year-old girl pretending to be a lion will display her ferocity by roaring and baring her teeth.
  65. intensify
    • To intensify is to increase the intensity, force, or power of something; intensify, increase
    • the dispute began to intensify
  66. quench
    • 1.satisfy (one's thirst) by drinking
    • 2.extinguish (a fire).
  67. incinerate
    • destroy (something, especially waste material) by burning.
    • such garbage must be incinerated at the hospital
  68. skirmish
    A skirmish is a small fight — more a dust-up than a full-out battle — and it can refer to a physical fight or just a battle of words. It is definitely confrontational, though.
  69. aerial
    Things that are aerial are happening in the air: birds, planes, and missiles are all aerial things.
  70. drought
    When there is a drought somewhere, there's not enough rainfall. In certain areas, a drought can last for weeks, months, sometimes even years!
  71. perilously
    dangerously, hazardously
  72. reconcile
    • restore friendly relations between
    • she wanted to be reconciled with her father
  73. stark
    • severe or bare in appearance or outline; sharp,clear
    • the ridge formed a stark silhouette(outline) against the sky
  74. incentive
    If your mom wants you to mow the lawn but you don't feel like it, she might offer to treat you to ice cream after as an incentive. An incentive is something that stimulates you to take action or work harder.
  75. linger
    • stay in a place longer than necessary, typically because of a reluctance to leave
    • she lingered in the yard, enjoying the warm sunshine
    • wait around, stay, remain, wait for a bit longer
  76. lament
    If you are really upset or sorry about something, you might lament it. A lament is full of regret and grief.
  77. befitting
    • be appropriate for; suit
    • be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics
  78. coincide
    When things happen at the same time, they are said to coincide. Often, this is because they're intentionally coordinated
  79. immense
    Immense means very large in size, amount, or degree. You might describe the ocean as immense, or all of the vocabulary that I need to learn
  80. creaky
    Something that's creaky makes a groaning or scraping sound. If your front door is creaky, its hinges might need to be oiled.
  81. outburst
    • a sudden release of strong emotion
    • she screamed at him about it one day, said one source who witnessed the outburst
  82. blunt
    • A blunt object is rounded — it isn't very pointy. A blunt comment is candid — it isn't very subtle. When we blunt things we make them less lively, sharp, or intense.
    • straightforward, frank
  83. shrug
    raise (one's shoulders) slightly and momentarily to express doubt, ignorance, or indifference.
  84. seduce
    To seduce is to lure or entice, particularly away from obligations or proper behavior. Often, seducing leads to sex
  85. aloft
    Something up in the air or really high is aloft. Aloft has a soft, floaty sound to it, and it's a great word for talking about flying birds, airborne ballet dancers, and soaring spitballs.
  86. undulate
    Undulate describes a wave-like pattern.
  87. soar
    To soar means more than just to fly; it means to rise swiftly, to feel the wind slipping below you as you ride it higher, higher, higher. Flying is just moving through the air. Soaring, though, suggests exhilaration, even joy.
  88. mettle
    • a person's ability to cope well with difficulties or to face a demanding situation in a spirited and resilient way
    • the team showed their true mettle in the second half
  89. gaze
    When someone lays eyes on you and keeps looking, it is a gaze or a stare. You can gaze back or just say, "Take a picture; it lasts longer."
  90. ooze
    The beauty of the word ooze is not only that it's both a noun and a verb but also that the word sounds like what it means. The ooze on the bottom of the pond oozed between your toes.
  91. grind
    If you like to grind your own coffee beans, it means you prefer to buy whole beans, put them in an electric grinder, and pulverize(triturate) them into tiny bits before you brew your coffee.
  92. smoulder
    burn slowly and without a flame
  93. congestion
    • When a driver complains about congestion, she's talking about the cars that are backed up on the highway. When your sneezing friend complains about congestion, he's talking about his stuffed-up nose.
    • obstruction, blockage; traffic
  94. nudge
    Sometimes you just need a little nudge or slight push to get your day going. It might be a coffee, or your favorite song, or your mom stripping the covers and standing over your bed. Take your pick.
  95. woozy
  96. cockpit
    compartment where the pilot sits while flying the aircraft
  97. perch
    A perch is a temporary resting place. In the middle of climbing a tree, you might find a good perch on a high branch. Bet some birds will be perching there too.
  98. amble
    An amble is a leisurely, pleasurable walk. Care to take an amble down a pleasant country road instead of reading the rest of this word description? That would certainly be understandable.
  99. fetch
    To fetch something is to go and get it. "Go fetch!" you might shout after your dog while throwing a stick into the yard.
  100. rendition
    A rendition is an interpretation, performance, or translation. Whitney Houston's rendition of the Star Spangled Banner is still used at games today
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vocab 10
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