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Safety glasses are acceptable to substitute for goggles?
Pulaski is what kind of tool?
McLeod is what kind of tool?
LCES and what it is
- Escape Routes
- Safety Zone
- It is the minimum level of hazard mitigation for initial attack
What is a spot fire
fire burning outside of the perimeter of the main fire, usually caused by winds and firebrands
what do you wear under nomex?
who orders burning ops.?
- burning out- crew boss or above
- backfiring- ops. section chief
What is black and yellow flagging used for?
life threatening hazard
What is an anchor point?
- usualy a fire barrier, from which to start constructing fireline
- used to minimize chance of being flanked by the fire
COMMON DENOMINATORS OF FATAL, NEAR MISS FIRES
- Small fires or isolated areas of large fires
- In light fuels such as grass and brush
- When fire responds to topography an runs uphill
- When there is unexpected shift in wind direction/speed
18 watch out situations #1
fire not scouted and sized up
18 watch out situations #2
in country not seen in daylight
18 watch out situations #3
safety zones and escapes routes not identified
18 watch out situations #4
unfamiliar with weather and local factors influencing fire behavior
18 watch out situations #5
uninformed on stategy and tactics
18 watch out situations #6
instructions and assignments not understood
18 watch out situations #7
no communication link with crewmembers or supervisor
18 watch out situations #8
constructing line without a safe anchor point
18 watch out situations #9
building fireline downhill with fire below
18 watch out situations #10
attempting frontal assault on fire
18 watch out situations #11
unburned fuel between you and the fire
18 watch out situations #12
cannot see main fire not in contact with someone who can
18 watch out situations #13
on a hillside where rolling materials can ignite fuel below
18 watch out situations #14
weather is getting hotter and dryer
18 watch out situations #15
wind increases and or changes direction
18 watch out situations #16
frequent spot fires across line
18 watch out situations #17
terrain and fuels make escape to safety zones difficult
18 watch out situations #18
taking a nap near fireline
10 standing orders #1
keep informed on fire weather conditions and forecasts
10 standing orders #2
know what your fire is doing at all times
10 standing orders #3
base all actions on current and expected behavior of the fire
10 standing orders #4
identify escape routes and safety zones, make them known
10 standing orders #5
post lookouts when there is possible danger
10 standing orders #6
be alert. keep calm. think cleary. act decisively.
10 standing orders #7
maintain prompt communication with your forces, your sup. and adjoining forces
10 standing orders #8
give clear instructions and insure they are understood
10 standing orders #9
maintain control of your forces at all times
10 standing orders #10
fight fire aggresively having provided for safety first
What are good safety zones?
- the burn
- natural features
- constucted features
out of county bag should be packed for...
how do fire shelters protect you/ main functions
- reflect radiant heat
- provide cooler breathable air to protect airway
when to check shelters and most common damage
- when issued to you
- beginning of each season
- every two weeks during season
- when you suspect damage
What is the most common damage to the fire shelter?
abrasion and tears longer than 1/2"
area size to be cleared for deployment
What are subjective and objective hazards
- sub- one has control over
- obj- one has no control over
How do you position an engine when protecting a structure
back in to position
How far should you stay away from a dozer?
50 ft. away from dozer
What is the risk management process
- situation awareness
- hazard assesment
- hazard control
- decision point
What is the proper spacing during handline construction
- 10 ft.
- supervisor sets pace and selects route
Who do you reports hazards to...
How often do you inspect a gasket
everytime you roll the hose
how much water does backpack pump hold
What is the difference between backfiring and burning out?
- backfiring is defensive attack when line is constructed starting fire at line to burn back towards fire and clear fuels
- burning out is offensive when you burn pockets of fuel to prevent fire from building up and jumping line
- Hhow often should you place a tee
- every 200 ft.
2 crews one jumps ahead when they meet the line of the other
What are 2 mop up methods
- dry mop up- no water, boneyarding, dirt
- wet mop up- foam, water, mixing dirt
What are the different attack methods
- direct- right along the fire
- indirect- bump off to use natural barrier, ridgeline
- flanking or parallel attack- similar to indirect
difference between trench and water bars
- water bar towards the green
- trenches to the black
*universal sign to stop during mobile attack
3 honks with horn or one long horn
drip torch mix
2 parts diesel 1 part gasoline
how full should a drip torch be
- can occur when ridgeline drops into a canyon
- most occur after midnight cool air sinks fasters than air in valley
fuel and six basic types
- any burnable material
- grass shrub
- timber understory
- timber litter
*safest area to work on fire
ridgeline or the black
percent of incline on a hill