Organ System Terminology

  1. Cardiovascular
    • erythrocytes- red blood cells
    • leukocytes - white blood cells
    • conductive tissue- responsible for heartbeat
    • systolic phase
    • diastolic phase- relaxation
    • (S/D)
  2. Endocrine system
    • pituitary gland
    • adrenal glands
    • thyroid glands
    • gonads
  3. Gastrointestinal Tract
    • located in the abdomen
    • stomach, small and large intestine, gallbladder, liver, pancreas.
  4. integumenraty system
    • covering of body (skin, hair and nails)
    • epidermis (dead cells)
    • dermis ( sebaceous glands, sweat glands, and hair)
  5. Lymph and Blood Systems
    • spleen- removes old red blood cells, storage for lymphocytes
    • thymus tonsils adenoids
  6. Muscular System
    • voluntary movement for most muscles
    • involuntary includes heart sotmach blood vessels
  7. Nervous System
    • neurons
    • CNS- central nervous system- brain and spinal cord
    • PNS- peripheral nervous system- autonomic and somatic
  8. Skeletal system
    • osseous tissue
    • 206 bones axial (skull) appendicular (arms legs connecting bones)
    • connective tissue called ligament and cartilage
  9. Female reproductive system
    vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, external genitalia, mammary glands

    produces hormones, controls menstruation, childbearing
  10. Male reproductive system
    produces sperm abd secretes testosterone

  11. Respiratory system
    oxygen to body, sound for speaking

    diaphragm lungs pharynx
  12. urinary tract
    responsible for removing waste from blood

    kidneys ureters urinry bladder and urethra
  13. Hearing
    tympanic membrane(eardrum), eustachian tube, cochlea,

    sense of hearing and maintance of body equilibrium
  14. Sight
    • conjunctiva- bloodrich membrane between eye and eyelid
    • lacrimal glands
Card Set
Organ System Terminology