Cosmetic Surgery

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Cosmetic Surgery intro
    • normalised but element of choice
    • only purpose of improving one's appearance and/or removing signs of ageing
    • crucial in the quest for beauty
    • is beauty embedded in social values or is it sujective
  2. Cosmetic Surgery - the W body
    • CS - our body is unnatural
    • CS fetishises a particular body so in so far that our version of nature/a natural body is anything but natural
    • we culturalise nature through biotechnology

    • the naturalistic approaches of the body as a biological given have been overturned
    • rather, it has defined the body as a sociocultural/historic phenomenon

    cultural ideals of beauty are an index of expression of social values and beliefs
  3. The Symbolic Body
    • Reischer and Loo
    • the representational or symbolic nature of the body as a conduct of social meaning
    • Mary Douglas - body is viewed metaphorically as a text that can be read as a symbol of the social world it inhabits
  4. the Western symbolic body
    • Reischer and Koo
    • a ¬†firm body is associated with ideas about our character
    • shows discipline, motivation, mental strength, willpower
    • shows beauty is not skin deep!
  5. Western symbolic body changes over time
    fatness as a symbol of wealth but now signifies a lower socioeconomic status and ill health
  6. Agentic body - Reischer and Koo
    and example
    • the role of the body as an active participant in the social world
    • capacity for resistance
    • Ellman - shows how anorexia and hunger strikes use the body as a powerful form of speech
    • central to personal and political expression
  7. Kaw
    • CS deployed to address racial stigma
    • argues there is an intersection between racial idealogy and capitalist consumerism
    • Asian American women seeing CS as a pragmatic choice
    • eyes more "open" by constructing a double eye lid
    • reduces look of "sleepiness", passivity to look more alert
    • aligns with capitalist work ethic whih values assertiveness and quick wit
    • = done to look more white/assimilate but also seen as a socioeconomic advantage
    • investing in future
  8. Popenoe
    • Azawagh Arabs of Niger
    • bodily discipline not linked to deprivation
    • forcible fattening
    • force feeding intended to accelerate process of sexual maturity in females
    • fatness associated with womanliness¬†
    • voluptuous immobility beautifies girls' bodies
  9. Popenoe - gender difference
    actively cultivates aesthetic of softness, pliability, stillnessdramatises difference from men who are hard, upright, mobile
Author
ID
302429
Card Set
Cosmetic Surgery
Description
Cosmetic Surgery Notes
Updated
Show Answers