COMM 180

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  1. Cultural Anthropology [and -th-pol-a-jee]
    describes and seeks to explain similarities and differences in thought and behaviours among group of humans
  2. Cultural is....
    the learned and shared understanding among a group of people about how to behave and what has meaning in our lives
  3. Culture
    • forms the patterns of our lives
    • guides how we think, feel, act and communicate 
    • even shape our perceptions
  4. Subculture is
    • a particular mix of shared understanding held by groups within a larger society
    •  group whose members share beliefs and common experiences that set them apart from other members of a culture.
  5. Subculture are distinguish by
    • language 
    • dress
    • religion 
    • work habits 
    • food preferences 
    • child rearing practices
  6. Ethnic Group
    functions within society to maintain a subculture based on religion, language, common origin or ancestral tradition.
  7. Individualistic
    • loose tie between individuals 
    • look just for yourself and your family 
    • individual goal and achievements are encourage 
    • individual right are the most important  
    • rules promotes independences 
    • freedom of choice and speech
  8. loose tie between individuals
  9. look just for yourself and your family
    individualistic individualistic
  10. individual goal and achievements are encourage
    individualistic individualistic
  11. individual right are the most important
    individualistic individualistic
  12. rules promotes independences
    individualistic individualistic
  13. freedom of choice and speech
    individualistic individualistic
  14. Collectivist
    • people from birth is integrated in a cohesive group 
    • extended family is so important 
    • continue and ongoing protection loyalty 
    • conform for what is the best for the group 
    • order, obedience and cooperation 
    • elder people is appreciated
  15. people from birth is integrated in a cohesive
  16. extended family is so importantextended family is so important
  17. continue and ongoing protection loyalty
  18. conform for what is the best for the group
  19. order, obedience and cooperation
  20. elder people is appreciated
  21. Masculinity Culture
    • Genders are clearly distinct 
    • dominance, assertiveness, acquisition of things
    • more assertive task given to men
  22. Genders are clearly distinct
    Masculinity Culture
  23. dominance, assertiveness, acquisition of things
    Masculinity Culture
  24. more assertive task given to men
    Masculinity Culture
  25. Femininity Culture
    • Gender roles overlap. Androgynous (both gender)
    • people, feelings, quality of life
  26. Gender roles overlap. Androgynous (both gender)
    people, feelings, quality of life
    Femininity Culture
  27. Autonomy / Connection 
    I need my own space vs. I want to be close 
  28. Novelty / Predictability
    • wanting novelty / wanting routine or Familiarit
    • We need to do something new and different vs. I like the familiar rhythms we have
  29. Openness / Closedness
    • Wanting open communication / needing a degree of privacy even with intimates
    • I like to sharing so much with you vs. There are some thing I do not want to talk about with you
  30. Highly person centered
    recognize another's ideas and feeling as legitimate
  31. Low Person Centered
    denies, ignores or challenges another's feelings and ideas
  32. Recognition 
    Levels of Confirmation and Disconfirmation
    • recognize that another person exit
    • disconfirm other when we do not acknowledge their existence
  33. Levels of Confirmation and Disconfirmation 
    • o   Confirm
    • Acknowledgement of what another feels, thinks or says
    • Nonverbally by nodding our head or by making eye contact
    • Verbal are direct responses to others' communication
    • o   Disconfirm
    • Do not acknowledge their feeling or thoughts
    • Response that are tangential, irrelevant or impersonal do not acknowledge what another has said
  34. Tangentia

    "Yeach, the LAST's a killer. The people who design those standardized test must be really sadists. Want to go to out and shoot some darts tonight?"
    pertaining to 
  35. Impersonal 
    " Everyone feels that after thatin the test"
    not personal; without reference or connection toa particular person:
  36. Denial 
    " You did fine on the LAST"
  37. Defensive Climate
    we feel defensive, on guard, we are unlikely to communicate
  38. Supportive Climate
    we feel supported and comfortable, we communicate freely
  39. Strategy
    o   are the feeling on being manipulated or being less than open about what is n their mind
  40. Spontaneity
    • is the counterpoint to strategy
    • open, honest and unpremeditated
  41. Elements of Conflict 
    • expressed disagreement 
    • interdependence 
    • the felt need for resolution
  42. expressed disagreement 
    the felt need for resolution
    elements of coflict
  43. Ovet Conflict
    • out in the open and explicit, exist when people deal with their differences in a direct, straightforward manner 
    • involve physical attack
  44. Covert conflict
    • when people express their feeling about disagreement indirectly 
    • when angry, a person may deliberately do something to hurt or upset another person
  45. Passive Aggression
    • Acting aggressively while denying feeling or acting aggressive 
    • Punishes another person without accepting responsibility for the punishment
    • It undercuts the possibility of honest, healthy relationship
  46. Blemish
    one person pretends to be complimentary but actually puts another down
    a person deliberately set another person up for a fall
  48. Mine is worse than yours
    people try to monopolize rather than listen and respond to each other
  49. Yes, but
    a person pretend to be asking for help but then refuses all the help that is offered
  50. Willingness to Invest
    invest time, effort, energy, thought and feelings
  51. Emtional Closeness
    • grows out of investment, such as time, talk and shared experience 
    • out of becoming familiar and comfortable being together
  52. Coercive [ co-row-siv]
    the ability to punish or withhols resources
  53. Reward
    ability to reward
  54. Expert
    owning special knowledge or expertise
  55. Legitimate [ li -jit -uh-mit]
    having authority by virtue (美德 )or postion
  56. Referent [ ref- er- un nt]
    having personal charisma and charm 魅力
  57. Networking
    knowing the right people
  58. Helplesness
    ability to get others to do one's bidding by claiming helplessnes or inability
  59. Fear of Reprisal [ rip-pray-zl] 報復
  60. Communication Climate
    the overall character and quality of the communication environment of an organization
  61. Communication Claimate of an organization is most affected by (5)
    • supportiveness 
    • participation 
    • Trust 
    • openness 
    • Goal Clarity
  62. Supportiveness
    foster a sense of personal worth
  63. Participation
    employess feel they can influence decisions that affect them
  64. Trust
    information sources are reliable adn believable
  65. Openness
    bother supervisor and co-worker are open to participate in communiation
  66. Goal Clarity
    prospect of clear, attainable goals
  67. Organizational Cultural
    alternative way of characterizing the overall quailty of an organization
  68. Vocabulary: Hierarchical Language
    distinguish levels of status among memebers
  69. Vocabulary: Gender Differences
    many organizations emphasizes interest and experience more tyical o men than women
  70. Rites
    dramatic, planned activities that bring together aspects of cultural ideology into a single event
  71. Rituals
    occur regularly and that employess perceive as familiar and routine parts organization life
  72. Personl Rituals
    activities that individuals routinely engage in to define themsevels
  73. Social Rituals
    • standardized performances that affirm relationships among members of organization 
    • dinning room
  74. Task Rituals
    help memeber of an orgainziation perform their jobs
  75. Soual
    • a sense of connectedness ans meaning in one's life
    • means having a deeper purpose than just receiving  paycheque; it means being regarded as a whole perosn with a brain, a heart an soul
Card Set
COMM 180
COMM 180: Chapter 7 - Chaoter 12
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