pathology chapter 1.txt

  1. elevated lesion, more than 5mm in diameter, looks like a blister
  2. segment or lobe, part of the whole, sometimes appear fused together
  3. distinguished by a color different than the surrounding tissue-ex: freckle
  4. small lesion, less than 1cm in diameter, elevated
  5. various sizes, elevated, contains pus
  6. attached by a stemlike or stalklike base-
  7. base of a lesion that is flat or broad instead of stemlike
  8. small, elevated lesion, less 1cm in diameter, contains serous fluid
  9. solid(hard) lesion, up to 1cm in diameter-found in soft tissue-
  10. the evaluation of a lesion by feeling it with the fingers
  11. can be used to identify specific lesions/can be incorporated in general discriptions
  12. abnormal redness of the mucosa or gingiva
  13. paleness of the skin
  14. wrinkled surface texture of a lesion
  15. cleft or groove, normal but showing prominent depth
  16. nipple-shaped projections fournd in clusters, elevated
  17. terms-describe the surface texture of a lesion
    Smooth, rough, folded
  18. process by which whole parts join together to make one
  19. lesions with borders that are not well defined-hard to see where it begins and where it ends
  20. dark areas on an x-ray
  21. lesion that extends beyond the confines of one distinct area-somewhat fused together-resembles soap bubbles
  22. having one compartment that is well defined or outlined
  23. white areas on an x-ray
  24. seen radiographically-the apex of tooth appears short or blunted
    Root resorption
  25. resorption that occurs from the outside of the tooth
    External resorption
  26. resorption that occurs from within the pulp
    Internal resorption
  27. lesion that extends between the roots-as seen in a traumatic bone cyst
    Scalloping around the root
  28. lesion with borders-can see the exact margins
    Well circumscribed
  29. 8 categories of a diagnosis
    clinical,radigraphic,historical,laboratory,microscopic,surgical,therapeutic,differential findings
  30. diagnosis that comes from the clinical appearance of the lesion
    Clinical diagnosis
  31. diagnosis that is primarly observed on a radiograph
    Radiographic diagnosis
  32. diagnosis made from any information given to you by the patient
    Historical diagnosis
  33. blood test that provides information that contributes to a diagnosis
    Laboratory diagnosis
  34. examination of a biopsy specimen taken form the questionable lesion
    Microscopic diagnosis
  35. category of diagnosis that is most important in diagnosis of cancer
    Microscopic diagnosis
  36. to remove ALL lesion
    Excisional biopsy
  37. to only remove a part of the lesion for a biopsy
    Incisional biopsy
  38. diagnosis made using information gained during a surgical procedure
    Surgical diagnosis
  39. nutritional deficiencies are commonly diagnosed by this method
    Therapeutic diagnosis
  40. point in the diagnostic process where the practioner decides which test is required for the final diagnosis
    Differential diagnosis
  41. clusters of ectopic sebaceous glands
    Fordyce granules
  42. exophutic growth of normal compact bone
    Torus palatinus(palatal tori)
  43. outgrowth of normal dense bone-found on the lingual of the mandible
    Mandibular tori
  44. sessile nodule on the gingival margin lingual aspect of mandibular cuspids
    Retrocuspid papilla
  45. prominent lingual veins
    Lingual varicosities
  46. white line on the bucal mucosa
    Linea alba
  47. opalescence is imparted to the buccal mucosa-more prominent in smokers, and primarly found in blacks
  48. flat or slightly raised oval erythematous area in the midline of the dorsal surface of the tongue
    Median rhomboid glossitis
  49. term used to describe "geographical tongue" when found on the mucosal surfaces other than the tongue
    ectopic geographic tongue
  50. can be a type of multilocular lesion
    honey comb
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pathology chapter 1.txt
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