Basic Genetics Terminology

  1. Heredity
    inheritance or the transmission of traits from parent to offspring
  2. Trait
    any characteristic of an individual ranging from overall height to the primary structure of a particular membrane system
  3. Gene
    the hereditary determinant for a trait
  4. Allele
    different versions of the same gene
  5. Genotype
    the alleles found in a particular individual
  6. Phenotype
    physical expression of the genotype
  7. Dominant
    the allele that dominates or is expressed; use uppercase letter (R)
  8. Recessive
    the allele that recedes or becomes hidden; use lowercase letter (r)
  9. Homozygous
    two copies of the same allele for a gene
  10. Heterozygous
    one copy of each allele for a gene
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chanchan27104
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300105
Card Set
Basic Genetics Terminology
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