English Post SLO Review

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  1. Spirituals
    • They are an oral tradition
    • They usually have biblical references
    • Some were code songs for escaping slavery
  2. Regionalism
    • Desire to record, celebrate, and mythologize the bast diversity of the US's different geographical regions
    • Strict attention to recording accurately the speech, mannerisms, behavior and beliefs of people in specific locales
    • Local color writing that "paints" the local scenes and tends toward the humorous and sentimental
  3. Realism
    • Reacts against Romanticism's idealized heroes and sensational situations
    • Aims at an accurate and unsentimental depiction of social issues and problems
  4. Influences on Am. Realism
    • Development of realism as a literary form in Europe, with a fundamental emphasis on ordinary characters in real-life situations
    • Disillusionment created by the brutality of the Civil War and the harshness of frontier line
    • Reactions to the social ills created by rapid industrialization and the growth of cities
  5. Romanticism
    • Affirmation of feeling and intuition over reason
    • Faith in imagination, inner experience, and youthful innocence, rather than educated sophistication
    • Belief in the unspoiled natural world, as opposed to the artificiality of civilization
    • Regard for individual freedom and the worth of the individual
  6. Gothic Fiction
    • Use of haunting, eerie settings and strange, chilling events
    • Romantic interest in intuition, imagination, and hidden truths
    • Reaction against the optimism of the transcendentalists
    • Exploration of civil and the irrational depths of the human mind
  7. Naturalism
    • Seeks to present human behavior objectively, as a scientist would
    • Influenced by Darwinism and the theories of psychology and sociology
  8. Imagism
    • Am. Symbolists rebel against the Romantics' focus on nature as a source of solace in the face of industrialization and mechanization
    • Imagism brings precision and concreteness to poetry in place of prettiness and decoration
    • Free verse overrides traditional poetic forms, which have set rhyme schemes and meters
  9. Alliteration
    The same beginning letters used in a row
  10. Allusion
    A reference to a commonly known work
  11. Aphorism
    A very short, whitty saying that offers a significant truth about life
  12. Archetype
    Old imaginative pattern that appears in literature across cultures and is repeated through the ages
  13. Assonance
    Repetition of similar vowel sounds
  14. Characterization
    How the author shows the reader who a character is
  15. Climax
    The highest point of the story, right before everything starts to resolve itself
  16. Conflict
    Something that prohibits a character from reaching their goal
  17. Forshadowing
    A clue to show what might happen
  18. Grotesque Characters
    • Deformed either physically or mentally
    • Make you feel disgusted and sympathetic at the same time
  19. Verbal Irony
  20. Situational Irony
    When you think something will happen, but something else does
  21. Dramatic Irony
    When the readers know something the characters in the stories don't
  22. Mood
    • The feeling given off in a story
    • The way an author wants you to feel
  23. Parable
    Brief story that teaches a moral or ethical lesson
  24. Protagonist
    The Hero
  25. Speaker
    The voice you hear when you read a poem
  26. Suspense
    Intense feeling
  27. Symbol
    Something that means more than what it appears
  28. Theme
    Main idea or underlying meaning in a literary work
  29. Vernacular
    Language spoken by people in a certain area
  30. Modernism
    • Sense of disillusionment and a loss of faith in the American dream
    • Rejection of sentimentality and artificiality in favor of capturing reality
    • Emphasis on bold experimentation in style and form, reflecting the fragmentation of society
    • Interest in the individual and the inner workings of the human mind
  31. Transcendentalism
    • Human senses are limited; they convey knowledge of the physical world, but deeper truths can be grasped only through intuition
    • The observation of nature illuminates the nature of human beings
    • God, nature, and humanity are united in a shared universal soul, or Over-Soul
  32. Realism Authors
    • Ambrose Bierce
    • Stephen Crane
    • Walt Whitman
    • Emily Dickinson
    • Mark Twain
    • Kate Chopin
    • Jack London
  33. Regionalism Authors
    Mark Twain
  34. Transcendentalism Authors
    • Emerson
    • Thoreau
  35. Gothic Fiction Authors
    • Poe
    • Hawthorne
    • Melville
    • Irving
  36. Fireside Poets
    • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
    • John Greenleaf Whittier
    • James Russell Lowell
    • Oliver Wendell Holmes
  37. Modernism Authors
    • Earnest Hemingway
    • F. Scott Fitzgerald
    • William Faulkner
    • Flannery O'Connor
    • Shirley Jackson
  38. Stream of Consciousness
    • When you follow along a character's thoughts
    • The story tends to go off on tangents like ones mind would
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English Post SLO Review
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