Which of the following methods of determining public opinion is most reliable?
a. People Magazine straw poll of its reader
b. a pollster's survey of Mercedes-Benz owners
c. door-to-door interviews in low-income neighborhoods
d. a random sample of between 1,500 and 2,000 people who are typical of the general population
a random sample of between 1,500 and 2,000 people who are typical of the general population
What is sampling error?
a. the error that is introduced when the "house effect" is present
b. the difference between what the push poll results show and what the exit poll results show
c. the difference between the poll's results and the result of polling the entire relevant population
d. the difference between a random sample and a weighted sample
the difference between the poll's results and the result of polling the entire relevant population
When a pollster's results appear to consistently favor one of the major political parties, polling experts refer to the phenomenon as a
a. sampling error.
b. bandwagon effect.
c. house effect.
d. push poll.
People who want to support the winner may back this candidate despite their true feelings. This is often called the ___ effect.
a. "free rider"
c. "iron triangle"
d. "revolving door"
A(n) ___ poll is a campaign tactic used to feed false or misleading information to potential voters, under the guise of conducting an opinion poll.
When does political socialization usually begin?
a. when a person registers to vote
b. in high school
c. during childhood
d. after a person is settled in a career
Which of the following statements about political socialization is TRUE?
a. A person's occupation has no effect on her or his political views.
b. Education has little influence on political socialization.
c. Strong religious beliefs can contribute significantly to political socialization.
d. Most parents deliberately set out to form their children's political ideas and beliefs.
Strong religious beliefs can contribute significantly to political socialization.
Of the various types of media, ___ has the greatest influence on political socialization.
b. the Internet
c. print media (e.g., newspapers, magazines)
For established voters, ___ is one of the most important and lasting predictors of how a person will vote.
a. the perceived character of a candidate
b. educational attainment
c. the position a candidate takes on policies
d. party identification
___ is an emotional attachment to a party that is influenced by family, age, peer groups, and other factors.
a. Party identification
b. Political socialization
c. Policy partiality
d. Political predilection
Historically, ___ issues have had the strongest influence on voters' choices.
a. social and moral
Until about thirty years ago, there seemed to be no fixed pattern of voter preference by ___ in presidential elections.
a. geographic region
The term gender gap refers to the difference in the percentage of
a. female versus male Congressional Representatives.
b. women versus men who turn out to vote in a general election.
c. votes cast for a particular candidate by women versus men.
d. female versus male candidates in an election cycle.
votes cast for a particular candidate by women versus men.
Which of the following is currently TRUE of the religious and ethnic backgrounds of voters?
a. Catholic voters are more likely to vote Democratic and white Protestant voters usually vote Republican.
b. White voters who rarely attend church or who find religion less important in their lives tend to vote Democratic.
c. Most Muslim Americans vote Republican because of Islamic cultural conservatism.
d. Most African Americans are Protestant and vote Republican.
white voters who rarely attend church or who find religion less important in their lives tend to vote Democratic.
A century ago, people often spoke of the "Solid South" because white southerners were all ___, although this is not still the case today.
c. unlikely to vote
Approximately ___ percent of Americans identify themselves as moderates.
What factor largely contributed to Republican victories in the 2010 mid-term elections?
a. increased media coverage of the election
b. Democratic political scandals
c. increased use of social media by the Republican Party
d. increased voter turnout among conservative Republicans
increased voter turnout among conservative Republicans
According to a Pew Research Center survey, nearly 70 percent of nonvoters said that they did not vote because they
a. lacked transportation to their local polling place.
b. didn't feel their vote would make a difference in the election.
c. were dissatisfied with the major party candidates.
d. lacked information about the candidates.
lacked information about the candidates.
In the United States, citizens who are at least eighteen years of age and who are NOT ___ have the rights to vote.
c. political extremists
d. first generation immigrants
___ in state laws restricted voting rights to those whose ancestors had voted before the 1860s.
a. Legacy provisions
b. Poll taxes
c. Grandfather clauses
d. Matriarch prerequisites
The ___ Amendment to the Constitution guaranteed that the right to vote could not be denied on account of race, although, for many decades, African Americans were effectively denied the ability to exercise their voting rights.
A ___ was a fee of several dollars that had to be paid before a person could vote and was used in some southern states to discourage African Americans from voting.
a. grandfather clause
b. registration permit
c. literacy test
d. poll tax
In most states, voters are required to ___ before voting.
a. pay poll taxes
b. obtain a driver's license
c. prove that they have been a resident of the state for at least one year
d. register with the appropriate state or local officials
register with the appropriate state or local officials
Which of the following was created to increase voter turnout by simplifying the registration process?
a. white primaries
b. literacy tests
c. the "Motor voter Law"
d. grandfather clauses
the "Motor Voter Law"
Among the factors affecting voter turnout, ___ appears to be the most important.
a. educational attainment
b. income level
c. minority status