Speech 101 Review

  1. Hearing
    Physical act of our ears recognizing sound - passive
  2. Listening
    Engaging with speaker and thinking carefully about message - active
  3. Modes of listening
    different ways of engaging with speaker
  4. Perceptual agency
    ability to shift our focus as listeners
  5. Double articulation
    our actions are shaped by structures and those are created by our actions
  6. Skeptic's cop-out
    avoiding people because they're different
  7. Custodian's rip off
    hear as a means of benefiting yourself - selective listening
  8. Perception
    how a person sees the world that's influenced by social, political and cultural experiences
  9. Social construction
    how society groups people and how it privileges certain groups over others
  10. Impression management
    we build an impression of ourselves for ourselves and others
  11. Agency
    conscious ability to reproduce or resist social systems
  12. Stereotypes
    easy conclusions about people that reduce them from unique individuals to predictable types
  13. Dialectic
    relationship between two opposites
  14. Standpoint Theory
    we stand in relation to another within systems of power
  15. Symbolic interactionism
    sociological theory useful for the study of communication - how language produces who we are
  16. Origins of the African Griot
    • Around for a millenium
    • Born as one, not made into one
    • Do gooders, must be serious and professional
    • Male and female
    • historians, entertainers, genealogists, messengers, advisors, leaders
    • originated in West Africa
  17. Social tasks of the African Griot
    • attend formal events (wedding, baptisms)
    • preserve memory of society
    • serve entire community, not just one person
  18. The Griot in modern times
    • tour universities to give insight into West African culture
    • have ceremonies and parties in West Africa but appear around the world
    • 4 principle instruments - kora, balafon, ngoni (lute), voice
    • singers reinterpret traditional songs
    • females specialize in singing
  19. Frederick Douglass quote
    If there is no struggle there is no progress
  20. Identity
    age, race, gender, sexual orientation, class, education, ability, religion, language, nationality
Card Set
Speech 101 Review
Speech 101 Review