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  1. the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words
  2. an implied or indirect reference to a person, event, or thing or to a part of another text
  3. A figure of speech in which the poet addresses an absent person, an abstract idea, or a thing
  4. Takes place when two or more words close to another repeat the same vowel sound but start with different consonant sounds.
  5. Verse narrative that is, or originally was, meant to be sung
  6. Metrical verse form most like everyday human speech; consists of unrhymed lines in iambic pentameter
    Blank Verse
  7. a short pause within a line of poetry; often but not always signaled by punctuation.Ex. From Edgar Allen Poe’s “The Raven” “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary.”
  8. two consecutive lines of verse linked by rhyme meter; the meter of a heroic couplet is iambic pentameter
  9. choice of words. Diction is often described as either informal or colloquial if it resembles everyday speech, or as formal if it is instead lofty, impersonal, and dignified
  10. since the Renaissance, usually a formal lament on the death of a particular person, but focusing mainly on the speaker's efforts to come to terms with his or her grief; more broadly, any lyric in sorrowful mood that takes death as its primary subject.
  11. a line of verse that contains or concludes a complete clause and usually ends with a punctuation mark
    End-stopped Line
  12. a long narrative poem that celebrates the achievements of mighty heroes and heroines, usually in founding a nation or developing a culture, and uses elevated language and a grand, high style. Other epic conventions include a beginning in the medias res, an invocation of the muse, a journey to the underworld, battle scenes, and a scene in which the hero arms himself for battle. A mock epic is a form of satire in which epic language and conventions are used to depict characters, actions, and settings utterly unlike those in conventional epics, usually with the purpose of ridiculing to social milieu or types of people portrayed in the poem
  13. detailed, complex metaphor that stretches across a long section of a work; dominates or organizes entire literary work.
    Extended metaphor
  14. language that uses figures of speech
    Figurative Language
  15. any word or phrase that creates a "figure" in the mind of the reader by change in the usual meaning or order of words
    Figures of Speech
  16. a basic unit of the poetic meter
  17. poetry characterized by varying line lengths, lack of traditional meter, and nonrhyming lines
    Free Verse
  18. a poetic form, Japanese in origin, that consists of seventeen syllables arranged in three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and fives syllables, respectively
  19. referring to a metrical form in which each foot consists of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one
  20. broadly defined, any sensory detail or evocation in a work; more narrowly, the use of figurative language to evoke a feeling to call to mind an idea, or to describe an object
  21. the syntactic reversal of the normal order of the words and phrases in a sentence
  22. expressing the writer's emotions, usually briefly and in stanzas or recognized forms
  23. figure of speech, which two unlike things are compared implicitly (without a signal such as the word like or as)
  24. the more or less regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables of a line of poetry (determined by the foot and by the number of feet per line)
  25. a figure of speech in which the name of one thing is used to refer to another associated thing.
  26. a long speech usually in a play, but also in other genres, spoken by one person and uninterrupted by the speech of anyone else.
  27. a lyric poem in the form of an address to a particular subject, often elevated in style or manner and written in varied or irregular meter.
  28. a substantial body of work constituting the lifework of a writer, an artist, or a composer.
  29. the formation of a word, such as cuckoo, meow, honk, or boom, by imitation of a sound associated with its referent
  30. is a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect
  31. A figure of speech that involves treating something nonhuman, such as an abstraction, as if it were a person by endowing it with humanlike qualities, as in "Death entered the room."
  32. Repetition or correspondence of the terminal sounds of words ("How now, brown cow?")
  33. pattern of rhymes at the end of each line of a poem or song
    Rhyme Scheme
  34. the long and short patterns through stressed and unstressed syllables particularly in verse form
  35. A medieval narrative, originally one in verse and in some Romancedialect, treating of heroic, fan tastic, or supernatural events, often inthe form of allegory
  36. The metrical analysis of verse. The usual marks for scansion are ˘ fora short or unaccented syllable, ¯ or · for a long or accented syllable,^ for a rest, | for a foot division, and ‖ for a caesura or pause.
  37. a figure of speech involving a direct, explicit comparison of one thing to another, usually using the words like or as to draw the connection
  38. a fixed verse forms consisting of fourteen lines usually in iambic pentameter. An Italian sonnet consists of either rhyme-linked lines plus six rhyme-linked lines, often with eitheran abbaabba cdecede or abbacddc defdef rhyme scheme
  39. Person who is the voice of a poem; anyone who speaks dialogue in a work of fiction, poetry, or drama
  40. a section of a poem, marked by extra line spacing before and after, often has a pattern or rhythm
  41. a thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract
  42. Defined as a main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work that may be stated directly or indirectly
  43. the attitude a literary work takes toward its subject, especially the way this attitude is revealed through diction
  44. Verse form consisting of nineteen lines divided into six stanzas – five tercets and one quatrain. The first and third lines of the first tercet rhyme, which is repeated through each of the next four tercets and in the last two lines of the quatrain. Known for repetition of select lines. Dylan Thomas’s “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night.
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