Quarter Final

  1. What is a formal speech?
    • The speech memorized & delivered word for word or read word for word from the manuscript.
    • * Usally results in loss of conversational language
    • * Effective for historical or scientific papers
  2. What causes nervousness?
    • desire to succeed
    • poor preparation
    • heightened emotion mistaken for fear
    • unfamiliar with speaking situation
    • conflict between the urge to communicate & the urge to withdraw
    • fear of not meeting a standard
  3. What is bad about visual aids?
    • it could be too small for the audience to see
    • you could stand where your blocking your visual aid
    • it could take away from what you are saying
  4. Can you control nervousness?
    • use it to your advantage
    • realize everyone experiences it
    • be "idea" centered not "i" centered
    • know your subject
    • be interested in what you are doing
    • organize
    • practice, practice, practice
    • use visual aids
    • breathe properly; you are in control
  5. What does APEC stand for?
    • A-Attention getter
    • P-Get to the Point quickly
    • E-Use examples to illustrate
    • C-Close effectively
  6. What is good about visual aids?
    • Makes the speech easy to remember for the speaker & the audience
    • Capture the attention of an audience if exhibited moment without comment.
  7. What is an Impromptu speech?
    The speech delivered on th spur of the moment
  8. What makes a bad speech opening?
    • Unnecessary introductory remarks
    • An apology
  9. What makes a good speech opening?
    • Arouse Curiosity
    • * Openings which provoke the curiosity of the audience may vary from mild shocking statements
    • Tell a Story
    • * A human interest story is an effective opening

    • Exhibit and article
    • * Exhibition of an object as a speech opening will capture the greatest attention is if is exhibited for a moment without comment.

    • Ask a question
    • *quote a famous or important person
    • *state a shocking fact
    • *begin with a specific illustration
  10. What is an extemporaneous speech?
    • The speech spoken from notes & not written out.
    • The extemporaneous method of speaking from a prepared speech outline permits a more friendly & expressive eye contact than from memorization.
  11. What does audience awareness involve?
    • I. analyze the audience in shoosing your speech material
    • a. Education
    • b. Social Status
    • c. Economic Status
    • d. Occupation(s)
    • e. Age
    • f. Sex
    • g. Personal Attitudes
    • h. Common Interests
    • i. Mood of the Audience
    • j. Prejudices
    • k. Auditorium & Seating

    • II. Impressing the audience; attitude & appearance do impress an audience
    • * solicit a warm response from the audience by assuming a friendly attitude-Smile
    • * Do not assume a stiff air of superiority
    • * Check your physical appearance-suit/dress pressed, shoes shined, hair neat & clean, etc.

    • III. Talk to the audience as a whole-group the crowd together for maximum audience response
    • Look at you audience-proper eye contact is very important
    • Getting the audience to accept you
    • Indicate personal association. ( I too, am a interested citizen...")
    • Identify with generally accepted or approved ideals. Values & principles. (Have something in common with them....be trusted)
    • Identify with your listeners' beliefs, desires or welfare. (Like you I want...or believe in...etc.)
    • Base your reasoning on deep seated wants-amoung these are the basic physical wants, a desire for safety & security, a need for love & a striving for individuality & selffulfillment.
  12. Is preparation & rehearsal a good idea?
  13. Understanding good closings & effective endings
    • Good Closing
    • *The closing should be emphasize the thought the speaker wished the audience to retain.
    • *Make the ending interesting, brief & to the point
    • * Don't say the obvious-"that's the way I see it anyway"
    • *Don't be trite-"In comclusion I would like to say"
    • *Don't use an insincere compliment in closing
    • *Don't ramble through the ending

    • Effective Endings
    • Summarizations
    • * Effective for re-emphasizing
    • * Essential when multiple phases of a subject are covered
    • *Appeal for action
    • *May be mild or strong
    • *May apply to emotional appeal
    • *Ask them to act
    • *Quotation
    • *Appropritate Verse
    • *Humor
    • *Climax
    • *should be the goal of most good speakers
  14. What can you do to improve as a public speaker?
    • Discover & recognize your needs & abilities as a speaker
    • Become familar with the goals you must obtain & the pathways you must follow to achieve them.
    • Supplant any old, undesirable habits with new & more desirable ones, through practices & rehearsal before & after speaking
  15. What are the do's & dont's of microphone usage?
    • Right height
    • Check audibility
    • Should be titled upward to about the level of your chin
    • Stand back or to the side so that your mouth is 10-12 inches from the mike
    • Try to avoid the mike obscuring your face
    • If you hear your voice coming back you are too close
    • Your mouth should remain the same distance from the mike at all times
    • Avoid speaking in a voice too loud or too low
    • Keep your arms free-dont' handle the mike after you start speaking
    • If your demonstration requires walking some distance from the lectern, it is advisable to have a poratable mike.
  16. Know what makes a good Chairperson or Toastmaster
    • Chairperson- Serves as a host for other speakers
    • *While making an introduction the chairperson should not attempt to impress others with their ability as a speaker
    • * Duty is to get the speakers off to a good start
    • * Not necessary to mention the speakers name first in the introduction

    • Toastmaster- has the responsibility of making the activities go smoother
    • * should learn the theme & background of each speaker
  17. Know the general tips for the use of notes & note cards
    • Plan how to handle them-placement
    • Should consit of an outline of your speech
    • Can be on the margin of manuscript
    • Put them in place before you begin
    • Practice with your notes
    • Learn to carry them in either hand for better gesturing
    • Have enough light to read
    • Leave the notes in one place
    • Remember not to place them behind you
    • Don't fumble with them
    • Don't talk to them
    • Don't be afraid of forgetting
  18. How can the speaker use audience awareness to an advantage?
    • Solicit a warm response
    • Check physical appearance
    • Talk to the audience as a whole
    • Look at the audience
  19. What is the importance of public speaking to the average person?
  20. What is the importance of public speaking to the funeral director?
    • Different occasions will arise in most lifetimes, when addressing an audience.
    • Becoming a civic, social or professional, obligations; may not be avoidable but, welcomed to the funeral director as well as the community, the ability to speak effectively & to the point may be acquired & can be an instrument of power & usefulness.
  21. What are some tips for getting the audience to accept you as a speaker?
  22. What are the guidelines for proper enunciation, pronunciation & language?
    • Language
    • a. use picture building words
    • b. be original-don't use trite words & phrases; tired as a dog
    • c. don't use Uh
    • d. avoid using the wrong words
    • e. dont use bad grammer
    • f. avoid technical jargon
    • g. keep your average sentence short
    • h. don't make conspicuous, slovenly or careless mispronunciations
    • i. use slang sparingly
    • j. avoid excessive use of big words

    • Enunciation & Pronunciation
    • a. articulate your syllables as clearly a possible
    • b. open your mouth & let the vowels come forth
    • c. don't smother your consonants or lose them at the end of words
  23. Tips & guidelines
    • Gestures
    • a. Gesture & words they accompany not necessarily at the same time
    • b. Gesture precedes the words
    • c. Purposeful brief & intentional movement
    • d. gesticulations-nervous twitches
    • e. only natural gestures should be used
    • f. people do notlike a finger pointed at them
    • g. do not use the same one over and over
    • h. many parts of the body should be coordinated in the same gesture

    • Hands
    • a. leave hands free
    • b. use your hands natually to describe something or to bring home a point
    • c. don't make movements that have nothing to do with your talk

    • Facial Expression
    • a. look pleasant; not grim
    • b. be sincere; not silly
    • c. look enthusiastic; not bored
    • d. smile & use plenty of facial responsiveness

    • Eye contact
    • a. watch the faces of the audience to keep them alet
    • b. Platform position
    • c. place weight on balls of the feet-makes speaker look alert
    • d. face the audience
    • e. stand still
    • f. stand erect
    • g. watch your nervous habit
    • h. don't smoke
  24. components & definitions of the voice
    • Voice-should be animated with continuous changes of pitch, volume & rate of speed; used to hold attention.
    • Volume-Loudness; address yourself to the back row
    • Pitch-Frequency of vibrations in sound; use natural pitch
    • Tone-quality of voice; provides color that makes speakers voice express feeling & thought
    • Modulation & Accet-Manipulate volume, pitch & tone to obtain desired effects; pauses
    • Rate-do not speak too fast
    • Vocal Vareity
    • Vary the rate of speaking
    • Vary the length of phrases
    • Change the volume
    • Raise & lower pitch
    • Stretch the vowels
    • Use the all important-Dramatic Pause
Card Set
Quarter Final
Speech Quarter Final Review