Medical Terminology Chapter 13 & 14

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  1. presence of albumin in the urine, such as occurs in renal disease or in normal urine after heavy exercise
    albuminuria or proteinuria
  2. absence of urine formation
  3. presence of bacteria in the urine
  4. painful urination
  5. involuntary discharge of urine, usually referring to a lack of bladder control
  6. bed-wetting during sleep
    nocturnal enuresis
  7. glucose in the urine
    glucosuria or glycosuria
  8. presence of blood in the urine
  9. involuntary discharge of urine or feces
  10. involuntary discharge of urine with coughing, sneezing, and/or strained exercise
    stress urinary incontinence (SUI)
  11. presence of ketone bodies in the urine
  12. acetone, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetoacetic acid; products of metabolism that appear in the urine from the body's abnormal utilization of carbohydrates, such as occurs in uncontrolled diabetes or starvation
    ketone bodies or compounds
  13. urination at night
  14. scanty production of urine
  15. condition of excessive urination
  16. presence of white cells in the urine, usually indicating infection
  17. retention of urine resulting from an inability to void naturally because of spasm or obstruction
    urinary retention
  18. inherited conditions of multiple cysts that gradually form in the kidney, causing destruction of normal tissue that leads to renal failure
    adult polycystic kidney disease
  19. form of nephritis involving the glomerulus
  20. pooling of urine in dilated areas of the renal pelvis and calices of one or both kidneys caused by an obstructed outflow of urine
  21. inflammation of the kidney
  22. inflammation of the renal pelvis
  23. degenerative disease of the renal tubules
  24. presence of a renal stone or stones
  25. inflammation of the bladder
  26. inflammation of the urethra
  27. inflammation of the urethra and bladder
  28. narrowed condition of the urethra
    urethral stenosis
  29. invasion of pathogenic organisms in the urinary tract, especially the urethra and bladder
    urinary tract infection
  30. excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood caused by kidney failure
    uremia or azotemia
  31. examination of the bladder using a rigid or flexible cystoscope
  32. removal of kidney tissue for pathologic examination
    kidney or renal biopsy (Bx)
  33. x-ray image of the urinary tract obtained after an iodine contrast medium has been injected into the bloodstream
    intravenous pyelogram (IVP) or intravenous urogram (IVU)
  34. abdominal x-ray image of the kidney, ureters, and bladder
    kidney, ureters, bladder (KUB)
  35. plain-film x-ray image obtained to detect any obvious pathology before further imagine
    scout film
  36. x-ray film of the renal artery obtained after injecting contrast material into a catheter in the artery
    renal angiogram or arteriogram
  37. x-ray of the bladder, ureters, and renal pelvis obtained after contrast medium has been injected up to the kidney by way of a small catheter passed through a cystoscope
    retrograde pyelogram (RP) or retrograde urogram
  38. x-ray image of the bladder and urethra obtained during urination
    voiding cystourethrogram (VCU or VCUG)
  39. abdominal ultrasound image of the urinary tract
    abdominal sonogram
  40. physical, chemical, and microscopic examination of urine
    urinalysis (UA)
  41. measure of the concentration or dilution of urine
    specific gravity (SpGr)
  42. measure of the acidity or alkalinity of urine
  43. chemical test used to detect sugar in the urine
  44. chemical test used to detect the presence of albumin in the urine
    albumin (alb) or protein
  45. chemical test used to detect the presence of ketone bodies in the urine; positive test indicate that fats are being used by the body instead of carbohydrates, which occurs during starvation or an uncontrolled diabetic state
  46. chemical test for the presence of hidden blood in the urine resulting from red blood cell hemolysis
    urine occult blood
  47. chemical test used to detect bilirubin in the urine; seen in gallbladder and liver disease
  48. chemical test used to detect bile pigment in the urine; increased amounts are seen in gallbladder and liver disease
  49. chemical test to determine the presence of bacteria in the urine
  50. microscopic identification of abnormal constituents in the urine; reported per high- or low-power field
    microscopic findings
  51. isolation of a urine specimen in a culture medium to propagate the growth of microorganism; organisms that grow in the culture are identified, as are drugs to which they are sensitive
    urine culture and sensitivity (C&S)
  52. blood test to determine the level of urea in the blood; a high level indicates the inability of one or both kidneys to excrete urea
    blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
  53. test to determine the level of creatinine in the blood; useful in assessing kidney function
    creatinine, serum
  54. test to determine the level of creatinine in the urine
    creatinine, urine
  55. measurements of the level of creatinine in the blood and in a 24-hour urine specimen to determine the rate at which creatinine is cleared from the blood by the kidneys
    creatinine clearance testing
  56. use of specialized endoscope within the urinary tract to perform various surgical procedures, such as resection of a tumor, repair of an obstruction, stone retrieval, placement of a stent
    urologic endoscopic surgery
  57. urologic endoscope inserted through the urethra to respect lesions of the bladder, urethra, or prostate
  58. method of destroying stones within the urinary tract using discharges of electrical energy that are transmitted to a probe within a flexible endoscope
    intracorporeal lithotripsy
  59. incision into the kidney
  60. suture of an injured kidney
  61. incision into the kidney for the removal of stones
  62. excision of a kidney
  63. surgical reconstruction of the renal pelvis
  64. use of a device to hole open vessels or tubes
    stent placement
  65. transfer of a kidney from the body of one person to another
    kidney or renal transplantation
  66. creation of a temporary or permanent diversion of the urinary tract to provide a new passage through which urine exits the body
    urinary diversion
  67. removal of a portion of the ileum to use as a conduit to which the ureters are attached at one end; the other end is brought through an opening created in the abdomen; urine drains continually into an external appliance;
    noncontinent ileal conduit
  68. an internal reservoir constructed from a segment of intestine that diverts urine through an opening that that that brought through the abdominal wall; a valve is created internally to prevent leakage, and the patient empties the pouch by catheterization
    continent urostomy
  69. bladder constructed from portions of intestine connected to the urethra, allowing natural voiding
    orthotopic bladder or neobladder
  70. procedure using ultrasound outside the body to bombard and disintegrate a stone within; most commonly used to used to treat urinary stones above the bladder
    extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
  71. methods of filtering impurities from the blood, replacing the function of one or both kidneys lost in renal failure
    kidney dialysis
  72. method of removing impurities by pumping the patient's blood through a dialyzer, the specialized filter of the artificial kidney machine
  73. method of removing impurities using the peritoneum as the filter; a catheter inserted in the peritoneal cavity delivers cleansing fluid that is washed in and out in cycles
    peritoneal dialysis
  74. method of placing a tube into the bladder to drain or collect urine
    urinary catheterization
  75. a type of catheter that is inserted through the urethra into the bladder to relieve urinary retention or to collect a sterile specimen of urine for testing
    straight catheter
  76. indwelling catheter inserted through the urethra and into the bladder that includes a collection system allowing urine to be drained into a bag
    Foley catheter
  77. indwelling catheter inserted directly in the bladder through an abdominal incision above the pubic bone that includes a collection system that allows urine to be drained into a bag
    suprapubic catheter
  78. drug that relieves pain
  79. drug that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms
  80. drug that relieves spasm
  81. drug that increases the secretion of urine
  82. inability to secrete or ejaculate sperm
  83. semen without living spermatozoa; a sign of infertility in a male
  84. scanty production and expulsion of sperm
  85. drainage of mucus and pus
    mucopurulent discharge
  86. absence of one or both testes
  87. inflammation of the glans penis
  88. undescended testicle, or failure of a testis to descend into the scrotal sac during fetal development; the testis most often remains lodge in the abdomen or inguinal canal, requiring surgical repair
    cryptorchism or cryptorchidism
  89. inflammation of epididymis
  90. failure to initiate or maintain an erection until ejaculation because of physical or psychological dysfunction; formerly termed impotence
    erectile dysfunction (ED)
  91. hernia of fluid in the testis or in the tubes leading from the testis
  92. congential opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis
  93. disorder characterized by a buildup of hardened fibrous tissue in the corpus cavernosum, causing pain and a defective curvature of the penis, especially during erection
    Peyronie disease
  94. contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membranes caused by invasion; the condition was named for the urethral discharge characteristic of the infection, which was first through to be a leakage of semen
  95. sexually transmitted infection, which may involve any organ or tissue over time; usually manifests first on the kin, with the appearance of small, painless, red papules that erode and form bloodless ulcers
  96. virus that causes inflammation of the liver; transmitted through any body fluid, including vaginal secretions, semen and blood
    hepatitis B virus
  97. virus that causes ulcer-like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
    herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)
  98. virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which permits various opportunistic infections, malignancies, and neurologic diseases
    human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  99. virus transmitted by direct sexual contact that causes an infection that can occur on the skin or mucous membranes of the genitals
    human papilloma virus (HPV)
  100. lesion that appear as a result of human papilloma virus; on the skin, lesions appear as cauliflower-like warts, and on mucous membranes, they have a flat apperance
    condyloma acuminatum
  101. removal of the foreskin, exposing the glans penis
  102. removal of the epididymis
  103. removal of a testicle
    orchiectomy or orchidectomy
  104. repair of a testicle
  105. fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum
  106. excision of the prostate gland
  107. removal of prostatic gland tissue through the urethra using a resectoscope, a specialized urologic endoscope
    transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
  108. removal of a segment of the vas deferens to produce sterility in the male
  109. restoration of the function of the vas deferens to regain fertility after a vasectomy
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Medical Terminology Chapter 13 & 14
Medical Terminology Quiz 12 Chapter 13 and 14
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