pols2401 chapter 5

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  1. democracy
    government that reflects the will of the people
  2. direct self government
    direct participation in the democratic process
  3. indirect/representative democracy
    democracy run though indirect means
  4. majoritarian model
    the majority of the citizens decide who will govern
  5. consensus model
    focuses on achieving widespread support for government policies
  6. proportional representation
    political and electoral system under which both majorities and minorities are represented
  7. liberal democracy
    defined by limitations on power of government and protections of civil liberties
  8. constitutional liberalism
    government committed to ensuring individual rights and freedoms through constitutional protections
  9. constitution
    framework of laws designed to designate specific powers and responsibilities to governmental institutions
  10. rule of law
    Mandatory adherence to state laws
  11. Presidential Democracy
    Democracy that elects a president to the executive level of government
  12. parliamentary democracy
    governing system with no separation of powers
  13. conventional participation
    Traditional political activities such as voting
  14. unconventional participation
    engaging in less acceptable political groups that seek to win government positions and offices
  15. political parties
    Competitive political groups that seek to win government positions and offices
  16. loyal opposition
    Antagonistic party in electoral politics that accepts the legitimacy of the ruling majority
  17. interest group
    organization of individuals with common interests who attempt to influence public policy
  18. civil society
    networks of social relations and structures that exist independently of the government
  19. global civil society
    individuals and organizations that operate across national borders
  20. culture
    a set of values
  21. Westminster Model
    British model of government dating back to as early as 1639
  22. economic development
    Sometimes defines as greater economic growth and integration throughout the world
  23. middle class
    class in capitalist society between the lower and upper class
  24. Warsaw Declaration
    Global declaration made after the fall of the Soviet Union aiming at the proliferation of global democracy
    Organization of over five hundred NGO's
  26. Carter Center
    Created to assist in global conflict resolution
  27. Varela Project
    Cuban grassroots campaign demanding democratic reforms in Cuba
  28. Woodrow Wilson
    Idealist U.S. president who articulated the U.S. Role throughout the world as one of a leader in democracy and self-determination
  29. ideology
    a system of beliefs and values that influence ones activities and behavior
  30. consequential ethic
    Ethical system that prioritizes the end result of political actions
  31. Seed Act
    Designed to promote economic liberalization
  32. L Paul Bremer III
    Senior U.S. civilian administrator in Iraq
  33. Coalition Provisional Authority
    Retained responsibility for stabilizing Iraq and helping the country transition from interim rule to upcoming elections
  34. liberalization
    traditionally equated with the implementation of Western concepts of liberal republicanism
  35. electoral fallacy
    the idea that elections are enough to foster democracy
  36. managed transitions
    attempt to create stable transitions of change throughout society
  37. consolidating democracy
    long term process that involves popular acceptance of democratic institutions and processes
  38. Salvador Allende
    Chilean Marxist who became president
  39. Augusto Pinochet
    General responsible for the military overthrow of Allende
  40. Manuel Zelaya
    President of Honduras elected in 2005 and ousted in June 2009 military coup
  41. Roberto Micheletti
    Interim president of Honduras sworn in after 2009 military coup that removed Manuel Zelaya
  42. CPSU
    Political party that exercised total economic
  43. Mikhail Gorbachev
    Leader who inherited the economic
  44. perestroika
    Gorbachev's reforms of the Soviet economy
  45. glasnost
    Gorbachev's reforms to promote openness and social freedoms
  46. demokratizatsiya
    Program of democratization implemented by Gorbachev
  47. Boris Yeltsin
    Former Communist Party chief who was elected president of Russia
  48. Ayatollah Khomeini
    Leader of the Iranian Revolution and of the Iranian state
  49. Mohammad( 570-632)
    founder of Islam
  50. shura
    Concept of consultation between the ruler and the ruled
  51. Koran
    Muslim holy book
  52. Mohammad Khatami
    Iranian president who has advocated moderatereforms
  53. economic globalization
    Predominantly known as the spread of market values
  54. democratic deficit
    Loss of citizen and government power in challenging the agendas of global institutions
  55. international regimes
    international institutions that govern the behavior of governmental and nongovernmental actors
  56. global governance
    the institutions and structures combine to govern many aspects of state policies
  57. Zine El-abidine Ben Ali
    Longtime Tunisian leader ousted in democratic transition
  58. Khaled Said
    young internet user whose death helped spark demonstrations leading to democratic transition in Egypt
  59. Hosni Mubarak
    Longtime Egyptian ruler ousted in democratic transition
Card Set
pols2401 chapter 5
The global future chapter 5
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