Private Pilot Weather 1

  1. What does SKC or CLR on a weather report mean?
    Sky is clear, i.e. virtually no clouds.
  2. What does FEW mean on a weather report?
    FEW means few clouds, i.e. greater than 0-2/8 of the sky is covered with clouds.
  3. What does SCT mean on a weather report?
    SCT means scattered clouds, i.e. 3/8 to 1/2 of sky is covered with clouds
  4. What does BKN mean on a weather report?
    BKN means broken clouds, i.e. 5/8 to 7/8 of sky is covered.
  5. What does OVC mean on a weather report?
    OVC means overcast, i.e. the sky is covered with clouds.
  6. What does VV mean on a weather report?
    VV means indefinite ceiling, i.e. the clouds are on the surface with vertical visibility given in hundreds of feet.
  7. What does CB mean on a weather report?
    Cumulonimbus clouds.
  8. What does TCU mean on a weather report?
    Towering cumulonimbus.
  9. The height above the ground of the lowest broken or overcast layer of clouds, or the vertical visibility into an obscuration is called what?
    The ceiling.
  10. What is a METAR?
    Aviation Routine Weather Report.
  11. How often are METAR updated?
    Each hour.
  12. How is wind reported on a METAR?
    Wind is reported as a 5 digit humber. The frist three digits are the wind direction relative to true north. The last two digits are wind velocity in KT knots.
  13. The altimeter reading on a METAR is given in how many decimal places?
    2: i.e. 30.05
  14. What weather report gives you the current airport conditions?
  15. What is a TAF?
    Terminal Aerodrome Forecast (Terminal Forecasts)
  16. What is the radius around the airport of a TAF?
    5 mile radius
  17. How many times a day is a TAF issued?
    4 times a day
  18. How long is a TAF forecast valid?
    24 hours
  19. Area Forecasts (FA) are issued how many times a day?
  20. How much territory does a FA (Area Forecast) cover?
    Typically several states.
  21. Area Forecasts (FA) are issued three times a day and cover how many different areas in the United States?
  22. What is the FD?
    Winds and Temperature Aloft Forecast
  23. What is a FD used for?
    To help determine time in route for cross country flights.
  24. AIRMETs are what?
    Airmen's Meteorological Information. Weather advisories or warnings for adverse weather conditions.
  25. AIRMETs are issued for the same areas as what?
    Area Forecasts
  26. How often are AIRMETs issued?
    4 times a day
  27. What information does a AIRMET Sierra cover?
    (Mountain Obscuration or IFR) ceilings less than 1000 feet and/or visibility less than 3 miles affecting over 50% of the area at one time. Extensive mountain obscuration.
  28. What information does a AIRMET Tango cover?
    (Turbulence) Moderate Turbulence, sustained surface winds of 30 knots or more.
  29. What information does a AIRMET Zulu cover?
    (Icing) Moderate icing, freezing levels
Card Set
Private Pilot Weather 1
Understanding weather and piloting resources