Human Anatomy Chapter 15 Brain and Cranial Nerves

The flashcards below were created by user dahotstuff30 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. HumanThe four major regions of the brain are the

    A)telencephalon, mesencephalon, pons, and cerebellum
    B)prosencephalon, metencephalon, hypothalamus, and pons
    C)cerebrum, thalamus, cerebellum, and medulla oblongata
    D)cerebrum, diencephalon, brainstem, and cerebellum
    D)cerebrum, diencephalon, brainstem, and cerebellum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which sequence lists the cranial meninges in order from superficial to deep?

    A)dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater
    B)arachnoid, dura mater, pia mater
    C)dura mater, pia mater, arachnoid
    D)pia mater, arachnoid, dura mater
    A)dura mater, arachnoid, pia mater
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. In regions where the two layers of the dura mater separate, the gap between them is called

    A)the epidural space
    B)a dural venous sinus
    C)the subarachnoid space
    D)the subdural space
    B)a dural venous sinus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The largest of the cranial dural septa is the

    A)sella turcica
    B)falx cerebelli
    C)falx cerebri
    D)tentorium cerebelli
    C)falx cerebri
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The tetrahedron-shaped cavity between the pons and cerebellum is the

    A)fourth ventricle
    B)third ventricle
    C)mesencephalic aqueduct
    D)lateral ventricle
    A)fourth ventricle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The word root ependyma, as in "ependymal cells," literally means

    A)a thin layer
    B)an upper garment
    C)a braid
    D)a membrane
    B)an upper garment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Cerebrospinal fluid performs which of the following functions?

    A)provides buoyancy for the brain
    B)cushions neural structures from sudden movements
    C)delivers nutrients and chemical messengers and removes waste products
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  8. Which structure produces cerebrospinal fluid in each ventricle?

    A)arachnoid villus
    B)choroid plexus
    C)diaphragma sellae
    D)arachnoid granulation
    B)choroid plexus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. From the subarachnoid space, excess cerebrospinal fluid flows into the dural venous sinuses through the

    A)lateral apertures
    B)median aperture
    C)arachnoid trabeculae
    D)arachnoid villi
    D)arachnoid villi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The blood-brain barrier of the CNS is missing or markedly reduced in which of the following locations?

    A)choroid plexus, pons, and medulla oblongata
    B)spinal cord and cerebellum
    C)choroid plexus, hypothalamus, and pineal gland
    D)pituitary gland and thalamus
    C)choroid plexus, hypothalamus, and pineal gland
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The cerebral hemispheres are separated by the

    A)central sulcus
    B)lateral sulcus
    C)longitudinal fissure
    D)parieto-occipital sulcus
    C)longitudinal fissure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which statement does not describe the parietal lobe?

    A)contains the functionally important precentral gyrus
    B)forms the superoposterior part of each cerebral hemisphere
    C)is involved with general sensory functions
    D)is bounded posteriorly by the parieto-occipital sulcus
    A)contains the functionally important precentral gyrus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which term describes masses of gray matter deep inside each cerebral hemisphere?

    A)corpus callosum
    B)cerebral nuclei
    C)limbic system
    D)mammillary bodies
    B)cerebral nuclei
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The central white matter consists of which three groups of axons?

    A)projection tracts, longitudinal fasciculi, and arcuate fibers
    B)association tracts, arcuate fibers, and the internal capsule
    C)association, commissural, and projection tracts
    D)afferent, efferent, and association tracts
    C)association, commissural, and projection tracts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Myelinated axons that extend between the cerebral hemispheres are called

    A)association tracts
    B)commissural tracts
    C)longitudinal fasciculi
    D)arcuate fibers
    B)commissural tracts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which cortical region is responsible for the conscious awareness of touch, pressure, pain, and temperature?

    A)primary somatosensory cortex
    B)primary gustatory cortex
    C)premotor cortex
    D)somatosensory association area
    A)primary somatosensory cortex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which cerebral cortical area coordinates learned, skilled motor activities?

    A)primary motor cortex
    B)gnostic area
    C)premotor cortex
    D)prefrontal cortex
    C)premotor cortex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The thalamus does all of the following except

    A)sends signals about conscious awareness of emotional states to frontal lobes
    B)receives and processes sensory input from olfactory receptors in the nose
    C)filters incoming information and forwards relatively little to the cerebrum
    D)processes and relays sensory information to the primary sensory cortex
    B)receives and processes sensory input from olfactory receptors in the nose
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which region of the diencephalon controls the ANS and endocrine system, body temperature, circadian rhythms, and various emotions and behavioral drives?

    A)thalamus
    B)infundibulum
    C)hypothalamus
    D)epithalamus
    C)hypothalamus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. What are the three regions of the brainstem?

    A)pons, cerebellum, and mesencephalon
    B)cerebrum, diencephalon, and cerebellum
    C)diencephalon, mesencephalon, and metencephalon
    D)mesencephalon, pons, and medulla oblongata
    D)mesencephalon, pons, and medulla oblongata
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The mesencephalon comprises all of the following structures except the

    A)corpora quadrigemina
    B)flocculonodular lobes
    C)tegmentum
    D)cerebral peduncles
    B)flocculonodular lobes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Reflexive turning of the head and eyes in the direction of a sound is controlled by the ____________ of the mesencephalon.

    A)red nuclei
    B)inferior colliculi
    C)superior colliculi
    D)substantia nigra
    B)inferior colliculi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The medulla oblongata contains

    A)nuclei associated with five pairs of cranial nerves
    B)nuclei and tracts that relay sensory information to the thalamus
    C)several autonomic nuclei that regulate functions vital for life
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  24. Coordinating skeletal muscle movements and maintaining equilibrium are two of several important functions of the

    A)cerebellum
    B)mesencephalon
    C)diencephalon
    D)cerebrum
    A)cerebellum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which description of the cerebellum is incorrect?

    A)has a complex, convoluted surface covered by cerebellar cortex
    B)has prominent folds called gyri covering the left and right hemispheres
    C)internally, white matter called the arbor vitae forms branching patterns
    D)a narrow band of cortex called the vermis lies along the midline
    B)has prominent folds called gyri covering the left and right hemispheres
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Components of the limbic system

    A)conduct and process olfactory sensations
    B)collectively process and experience emotions
    C)are essential in storing memories and forming long-term memory
    D)all of the above
    D)all of the above
  27. Cranial nerves with purely sensory functions include which of the following?

    A)trigeminal and facial
    B)olfactory, optic, and vestibulocochlear
    C)glossopharyngeal, accessory, and hypoglossal
    D)all of the above
    B)olfactory, optic, and vestibulocochlear
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which cranial nerves innervate the extrinsic eye muscles?

    A)olfactory, oculomotor, and hypoglossal
    B)abducens, trigeminal, and trochlear
    C)trigeminal, glossopharyngeal, and oculomotor
    D)oculomotor, trochlear, and abducens
    D)oculomotor, trochlear, and abducens
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which cranial nerves have autonomic (parasympathetic) as well as somatic motor functions?

    A)III, VII, IX, and X
    B)II, IV, and VIII
    C)X, XI, and XII
    D)I, III, V, and VI
    A)III, VII, IX, and X
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The word root vagus, as in "vagus nerve," most nearly means

    A)long
    B)visceral
    C)vital
    D)wandering
    D)wandering
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. All of the following refer to the same region of the mesencephalon except the

    A)corpora quadrigemina
    B)red nuclei and substantia nigra
    C)superior and inferior colliculi
    D)tectum
    B)red nuclei and substantia nigra
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Corpus callosum is to commissural as ____________ is to projection tracts.

    A)arbor vitae
    B)internal capsule
    C)longitudinal fasciculus
    D)central white matter
    B)internal capsule
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The amygdaloid body, claustrum, and corpus striatum are all components of the non-cortical gray matter of the cerebrum collectively known as the

    A)medial lemniscus
    B)pontine nuclei
    C)cerebral nuclei
    D)reticular formation
    C)cerebral nuclei
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Until it was banned, visual subliminal advertising seemed like a tremendous tool for the motion picture industry: a photograph of a hot dog interspersed occasionally among the frames of the movie, passing too quickly to be noticed, and yet hot dog sales skyrocketed. Which cerebral nucleus likely played a part?

    A)claustrum
    B)globus pallidus
    C)amygdaloid body
    D)putamen
    A)claustrum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The corpus striatum comprises all of the following except the

    A)caudate nucleus
    B)putamen
    C)globus pallidus
    D)amygdaloid body
    D)amygdaloid body
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Endocrine organs housed within the cranium are all directly associated with which brain region?

    A)diencephalon
    B)medulla oblongata
    C)mesencephalon
    D)cerebrum
    A)diencephalon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Because of its major roles in controlling emotions, drives, and memory, damage to the ____________ could drastically alter an individual's personality.

    A)tegmentum
    B)periaqueductal gray matter
    C)substantia nigra
    D)limbic system
    D)limbic system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which thalamic nuclei relay visual information from the optic tract to the visual cortex and mesencephalon?

    A)lateral geniculate nuclei
    B)ventral anterior nuclei
    C)medial geniculate nuclei
    D)pulvinar nuclei
    A)lateral geniculate nuclei
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Hormones released by the posterior pituitary are actually produced by the ____________, which also controls the activities of the anterior pituitary as well as numerous autonomic functions, emotions, drives, and natural rhythms.

    A)thalamus
    B)hypothalamus
    C)pons
    D)tectum
    B)hypothalamus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Which hypothalamic nucleus or region serves as the body's "thermostat"?

    A)preoptic area
    B)mammillary body
    C)anterior nucleus
    D)suprachiasmatic nucleus
    A)preoptic area
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. Damage to one's ____________ would impair the somatic reflexes involved in eating.

    A)globus pallidus
    B)mammillary bodies
    C)habenular nuclei
    D)hippocampus
    B)mammillary bodies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The transverse fibers that connect the two parts of the metencephalon are the

    A)cerebral peduncles
    B)inferior cerebellar peduncles
    C)superior cerebellar peduncles
    D)middle cerebellar peduncles
    D)middle cerebellar peduncles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Outside, the ____________ is covered with folia (literally, "leaves"); inside, it has a "tree" of white matter.

    A)mesencephalon
    B)medulla oblongata
    C)pons
    D)cerebellum
    D)cerebellum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Which two parts of the brain most directly control normal breathing?

    A)cerebellum and mesencephalon
    B)thalamus and hypothalamus
    C)pons and medulla oblongata
    D)cerebrum and thalamus
    C)pons and medulla oblongata
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. The twelve pairs of cranial nerves

    A)are composed much like spinal nerves, each with sensory and motor axons
    B)arise mostly from the brainstem, with only one pair from the telencephalon
    C)are considered part of the CNS because they arise from the brain
    D)all of the above
    B)arise mostly from the brainstem, with only one pair from the telencephalon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Which pair does not correctly match a cranial nerve with its primary functional category?

    A)XII, general sensory
    B)XI, somatic motor
    C)VII, mixed (sensory and motor)
    D)II, special sensory
    A)XII, general sensory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. Which cranial nerve innervates the muscles of mastication and provides sensory information from the face, mouth, and anterior scalp?

    A)trigeminal
    B)vagus
    C)hypoglossal
    D)facial
    D)facial
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. The ____________ nerve monitors sensations of balance and equilibrium as well as hearing.

    A)accessory
    B)vagus
    C)vestibulocochlear
    D)trochlear
    C)vestibulocochlear
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which cranial nerve assists in monitoring O2 and CO2 levels in the blood?

    A)V
    B)IX
    C)VII
    D)X
    B)IX
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Which cranial nerve plays the largest role in the autonomic control of visceral functions?

    A)glossopharyngeal
    B)facial
    C)oculomotor
    D)vagus
    D)vagus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Of the primary brain vesicles, the only one that does not subdivide during embryonic development is the

    A)metencephalon
    B)rhombencephalon
    C)mesencephalon
    D)prosencephalon
    C)mesencephalon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Which is more dangerous, and why: a subdural or an epidural hemorrhage?

    A)both are equally dangerous, invariably resulting in death if untreated
    B)epidural, because the damaged vessel is too deep to repair surgically
    C)epidural, because a damaged artery produces a rapidly growing hematoma
    D)subdural, because a damaged vein leaks blood slowly but never stops
    C)epidural, because a damaged artery produces a rapidly growing hematoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Of the following, damage to Broca's area would most likely cause

    A)nonfluent aphasia
    B)fluent aphasia
    C)epilepsy
    D)apraxia
    A)nonfluent aphasia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. Parkinson disease results from ____________ and is generally ____________.

    A)brain inflammation, most often due to viral infection; fatal
    B)brain damage before birth that remains hidden until maturity; progressive
    C)deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine; idiopathic
    D)congenital anomalies in the brain; inherited
    C)deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine; idiopathic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
Author
ID
297789
Card Set
Human Anatomy Chapter 15 Brain and Cranial Nerves
Description
Human Anatomy Chapter 15 Brain and Cranial Nerves
Updated
Show Answers