The equine vet's role

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  1. What documentation must all equids have (from 2009 onwards)?
    A horse passport and microchip
  2. What drug cannot be used in horses intended for human consumption?
    Phenylbutazone (PBZ)
  3. Where are microchips implanted in the horse?
    In the left side of the middle third of the horses neck, in the nuchal ligament
  4. True or false: in the UK anyone can insert a microchip into a horse?
    False: only veterinary surgeons can do this
  5. A horse passport is the responsibility of the ...?
    Keeper (who may or may not be the owner e.g. responsibility of the livery owner in horses living in their yard)
  6. When must foals be microchipped by?
    By 6 months old or the 31st December in their year of birth
  7. It is an offence to move a horse without its passport, what are the exceptions to this rule?
    • Emergencies
    • Whilst stabled, at pasture or moving temporarily on foot
    • (Must be prepared to produce the passport without delay!)
  8. What are the different sections in a horse passport for? a) I and II b) IV c) V and VI?
    • a) Identification
    • b) part II is signed for horses not intended for human consumption, part III is for horses intended for slaughter for human consumption
    • c) vaccination records (V = flu vaccinations, VI = any other vaccinations)
  9. True or false: once a horse has been declared not intended for human consumption this can be reversed?
    False: this is IRREVERSIBLE.  Once signed there is no restriction on the drugs that can be used.
  10. What piece of legislation covers the welfare of animals?  What principles are based on this pice of legislation?
    • Animal health and welfare act 2006
    • The five freedoms
  11. What disease can poor stable ventilation and forage/bedding quality lead to?
    Recurrent airway obstruction
  12. What can barbed wire fencing result in?
  13. What condition does obesity increase the risk of in horses?
  14. How often should owners check their horses that are a) stabled b) at pasture?
    • a) at least twice a day
    • b) at least once a day
  15. How often should horses have routine foot care/trimming?
    Every 4-8 weeks
  16. How often should horses have routine dental care?
    6 months - 1 year
  17. How often should you pick out and inspect your horses feet?
    At least once daily
  18. What is laminitis?
    Inflammation of the sensitive laminae of the hoof resulting in detachment of the inner hoof wall to the distal phalanx
  19. What is the ideal BCS for horses?
    BCS 3 (2.5-3.5)
  20. List three endemic respiratory diseases in the UK
    Equine influenza, Strangles (Streptococcus equi), Equine herpes
  21. Ideally, how long should new horses be in isolation for?
    Three weeks
  22. What other procedures should ideally be carried out whilst a new horse is in isolation?
    Deworming and screening for infection
  23. What MUST horses be vaccinated against?
  24. What other diseases can horses be vaccinated against?
    Equine influenza, strangles, equine herpes
  25. What pathogen causes tetanus and where is it found?
    Clostridium tetani, it is found in the environment (soil)
  26. Why is tetanus fatal?
    The bacteria produces neurotoxins within infected tissue which causes 'lock jaw' (prolonged contraction of muscles)
  27. Describe the vaccination programme for tetanus
    There are two initial vaccines given one month apart, followed by booster vaccines every 2-3 years
  28. Give an example of a situation where passive immunisation using tetanus antitoxin may be more appropriate
    New born foals or unvaccinated horses that sustain a wound - this supplies the horse with antibodies as there is not enough time for them to mount their own immune response
  29. True or false: vaccination against equine influenza will definitely prevent disease?
    False: vaccination will reduce clinical signs and virus shedding of infected animals
  30. Describe the vaccination programme for equine influenza
    A primary course consists of the first vaccination, followed by a second 1 month after, and then a third 6 months after this.  A booster vaccination is followed annually.
  31. True or false: racing horses that incorrectly follow the equine influenza programme will still be allowed to race?
    False: if the timing is out by even one day the horse will not be allowed to compete and must start the vaccination programme from the beginning.
  32. How can we control parasites in horses?
    Chemically (use anthelmintics) and non-chemically (pasture hygiene)
  33. How can we reduce anthelmintic resistance?
    Regularly do faecal worm egg counts on all animals and only treat FWEC 'positive' horses
Card Set
The equine vet's role
Vet Med - Module 10
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