What is bulimia nervosa?
Binge eating 2x a week+ for 3mo+
How do those who suffer from bulimia compensate for binge eating?
What is kwashiorkor?
- Protein malnutrition
- Swollen bellies
What is marasmus?
- Protein calorie malnutrition
- Overall tissue wasting of person
How is alcoholism withdrawal treated?
What is wernike-korsakoff (beriberi) syndrome?
- Vitiamin B1 (thiamine deficiency)
- Seen in alcoholics
Breakdown of proteins give how many calories/gram?
Breakdown of carbs give how many calories/gram?
Breakdown of lipids give how many calories/gram?
What are essential fatty acids?
- Fatty acids we must get from our diet
- Omega 3
- Omega 6
Omega 3s are found in what foods?
- Oily fish (halibut, herring, tuna)
- Flaxseed oil
- Linseed oil
- Vegetable oils
- Leafy green veggies
Omega 6s are found in what foods?
What benefit are omega3s?
They are anti inflammatories
What is beriberi disorder?
Thiamine (B1) deficiency
What happens in riboflavin (B2) disorder?
- Cracking of skin and corners of mouth
What is scurvy?
- Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) deficiency
- Rotting muscles, bones, teeth and gums
What is vitamin C used for nutritionally?
- Collagen synthesis
- As an antioxidant
- Cofactor for dopamine and norEP synthesis
What causes pernicious anemia?
Cobalamin (b12) deficiency
What is vitamin b12 used for nutritionally?
Building blocks of RNA and DNA
What are Bitot's spots?
- Vitamin A deficiency
- Keratinization of cornea and conj
What vitamins are antioxidants?
ACE and zinc
What vitamins are fat soluble?
What does a deficiency in vitamin D cause?
- Rickets in children
- Osteomalacia in adults
What does a deficiency in Vitamin E cause?
What does a deficiency in Vitamin A cause?
- Bitot's spots
- Dryness of skin and eyes
What is the difference between warfarin and heparin?
Heparin is for acute IV use, warfarin is for ongoing chronic use
What vitamins are water soluble?
B1, B2, B12, C