Theory of Knowledge
Principles of Pseudoscience
Who: Glymour and Stalker
1. A coincidence
2. A purpose
3. Think Big
4. Even physics isn’t all the precise.
5. Science is numbers and gauges.
6. Saying no to nit-pickers.
Diagnostic and Statistical
American Psychiatric Association
A book used to diagnose mental disorders.
Not scientific; part of a doctrine
whose major proponents try to create the impression that it represents the most
reliable knowledge on its subject matter.
What? There is little
agreement on the criteria that distinguishes science form pseudoscience yet
there is wide agreement on specific cases of what is or is not pseudoscience.
Can't agree why they agree.
What: Accumulative; testable
confirmed during the 1919 solar eclipse. When light passes mass it moves. The
stars were in "different" spots during the eclipse because the light
from the stars passed the sun. Confirmed Einstein's theory of relativity.
What? A theory is
considered to be falsifiable if there are possible events that would prove the
theory wrong once and for all.
What? Failed prediction attempts are explained away. Ex:
12-21-2012 Dec. 21, 2012
anomalies that occur when scientists test themselves. According to Kuhn when
anomalies occur sciences strive to count for these anomalies using puzzle
solving techniques. Pseudosciences don't use these techniques.
What? A change in
world view. There is no rational way to decide which world view wins, it is up
to the mob mentality.
Degenerating Research Programme
Programs (sciences) are either progressive or degenerative. Progressive
research programs predict novel facts. Degenerative programs lag behind facts
and try to catch up.
What? Search Extra Terrestrial Intelligence
Zeta Reticuli Star Map
What? While hypnotized
Betty Hill drew this map that she "saw" while abducted. Later a
constellation was discovered that looked exactly like the one Betty drew.
The interrupted Journey
What? A book written
about the Barney and Betty Hill abduction. Greatly publicized their story.
description of what really happens to alien abductees, the process that they go
through to come to the conclusion that they were abducted by aliens.
What? A common
condition that occurs when sleep cycles become temporarily desynchronized.
Cognitively awake while motor muscle output from the brain is still turned off.
Road to Serfdom
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (2009)
What? Obama signed it to help the economy
What? There are A LOT
of things that influence social sciences, specifically macroeconomics.
Who? Max Black
short of lying
sloppy; ie, “I feel like a dog that’s been run over by a car”
; not interested in the facts; deception; indifferent to the truth
What? Truth that
comes from the gut (intuition)
Theory of Knowledge
Philosophy, Theory of Knowledge Test One